What Will You Learn - CAE Users

What Will You Learn - CAE Users

Time Interval Time Interval is selected according to the nature of the activity (seconds minutes) It is common practice in construction industry to use calendar day. Use one and only one time unit for any schedule. Prof. Awad Hanna 1. 2. 3. From companys record From standard estimating guide Interviewing field personnel. Prof. Awad Hanna Two approaches for assignment of weather allowance: 1. Add the Weather Allowance at the end of the project as a separate activity. 2. Add Weather Allowance to those affected by the weather. 3.Add weather allowance at the end of each construction segment (site preparation, foundation, etc.) Prof. Awad Hanna Contingency items Other activities can be added to

allow for contingency such as strikes Time Zero The close of the work period immediately preceding the start of the project. Prof. Awad Hanna Four time values associated with each activity: 1.ESD Early Start Date 2.EFD Early Finish Date 3.LSD Late Start Date 4.LFD Late Finish Date Prof. Awad Hanna Early Start Date for an activity is the earliest point in time that any activity bursting from its beginning node can start. Late Finish Date is the latest point in time that any activity which merges at the activitys ending node can finish. Prof. Awad Hanna i

Activity Tij j (a) ESDij EFDij LSDij LFDij Activity ij Activity ij Tij Tij Time Available (b) Prof. Awad Hanna Rule 1 The initial project event is assumed to occur at time zero Rule 2 All activities are assumed to start as soon as possible, that is , as soon as all the predecessor activities are completed.

Rule 3 The early finish time of an activity is merely the sum of its early start date and the estimated activity duration. EFDij = ESDij + Tij Prof. Awad Hanna Rule 4 The late start date LSDij is found by subtracting the activity duration Tij from the late finish date LFDij LSDij = LFDij - Tij Prof. Awad Hanna Forward Pass Computations - Remodeling Chemical Laboratory j Activity Description T (Days) ESD EFD i 2 4 Strip room 3 0 3 2 12 Obtain fume hood 10 0 10 2 14 Obtain cabinet 10 0 10 2 20 Obtain chemical sink 10

0 10 2 24 Painter availability 20 0 20 2 28 Obtain vinyl floor covering 5 0 5 4 6 Rough-in plumbing and electrical 5 3 8 4 8 Replace existing fume duct 3 3 6 6 8 Dummy 0 8 8 6 10 Repair floor 1 8 9 8 10 Repair walls and ceiling 4 8 12 10 12 Dummy 0 12 12 10 14 Dummy

0 12 12 12 16 Install newfume hood 1 12 13 14 16 Dummy 0 12 12 14 22 Install wall cabinets 5 12 17 16 18 Install 1/3 base cabinets 1 13 14 18 20 Dummy 0 14 14 18 22 Install 2/3 base cabinets 2 14 16 20 22 Install chemical sink 1 14 15 22 24 Finish plumbing and electrical 2 17 19 24 26 Dummy

0 20 20 24 28 Paint cabinets 6 20 26 26 28 Paint walls and ceiling 3 20 23 28 30 Lay vinyl floor 1 26 27 Prof. Awad Hanna i 2 2 2 2 2 2 4 4 6 6 8 10 10 12 14 14 16 18 18 20

22 24 24 26 28 j 4 12 14 20 24 28 6 8 8 10 10 12 14 16 16 22 18 20 22 22 24 26 28 28 30 Forward Pass Computations - Remodeling Chemical Laboratory Activity Description

T (Days) ESD EFD LSD Strip room 3 0 3 1 Obtain fume hood 10 0 10 4 Obtain cabinet 10 0 10 3 Obtain chemical sink 10 0 10 7 Painter availability 20 0 20 0 Obtain vinyl floor covering 5 0 5 21 Rough-in plumbing and electrical

5 3 8 4 Replace existing fume duct 3 3 6 6 Dummy 0 8 8 9 Repair floor 1 8 9 12 Repair walls and ceiling 4 8 12 9 Dummy 0 12 12 14 Dummy 0 12 12 13 Install newfume hood

1 12 13 14 Dummy 0 12 12 15 Install wall cabinets 5 12 17 13 Install 1/3 base cabinets 1 13 14 15 Dummy 0 14 14 17 Install 2/3 base cabinets 2 14 16 16 Install chemical sink 1 14 15 17 Finish plumbing and electrical

2 17 19 18 Dummy 0 20 20 23 Paint cabinets 6 20 26 20 Paint walls and ceiling 3 20 23 23 Lay vinyl floor 1 26 27 26 Prof. Awad Hanna LFD 4 14 13 17 20 26 9

9 9 13 13 14 13 15 15 18 16 17 18 18 20 23 26 26 27 Total float may be defined as that time span in which the completion of an activity may occur and not delay the termination of the project. TFij = LFDij - EFDij = LSDij - ESDij Prof. Awad Hanna Free float may be defined as the time span in which the completion

of an activity may occur and not delay the finish of the project nor delay the start of any following activity. FFij = ESDjk - EFDij Prof. Awad Hanna That part of the total float which remains after free float has been deducted is the interfering float. It may be defined as: The time span in which the completion of an activity may occur and not delay the termination of the project but within which completion will delay the start of some other following activity. INTFij = TFij - FFij Prof. Awad Hanna The fourth float, independent float, is the amount of scheduling leeway of an activity that is independent of the early starts and late finishes of any other activity. It may be formally defined as: The time span in which the completion of an activity may occur and not delay the termination of the project, not delay the start of any following activity, and not be delayed by any preceding

activity. Prof. Awad Hanna i 2 2 2 2 2 2 4 4 6 6 8 10 10 12 14 14 16 18 18 20 22 24 24 26 28 j 4 12 14 20

24 28 6 8 8 10 10 12 14 16 16 22 18 20 22 22 24 26 28 28 30 Forward Pass Computations - Remodeling Chemical Laboratory Activity Description T (Days) ESD EFD LSD LFD TF Strip room 3 0 3 1

4 1 Obtain fume hood 10 0 10 4 14 4 Obtain cabinet 10 0 10 3 13 3 Obtain chemical sink 10 0 10 7 17 7 Painter availability 20 0 20 0 20 0 Obtain vinyl floor covering 5 0 5 21

26 21 Rough-in plumbing and electrical 5 3 8 4 9 1 Replace existing fume duct 3 3 6 6 9 3 Dummy 0 8 8 9 9 1 Repair floor 1 8 9 12 13 4 Repair walls and ceiling 4 8 12 9

13 1 Dummy 0 12 12 14 14 2 Dummy 0 12 12 13 13 1 Install newfume hood 1 12 13 14 15 2 Dummy 0 12 12 15 15 3 Install wall cabinets 5 12 17 13

18 1 Install 1/3 base cabinets 1 13 14 15 16 2 Dummy 0 14 14 17 17 3 Install 2/3 base cabinets 2 14 16 16 18 2 Install chemical sink 1 14 15 17 18 3 Finish plumbing and electrical 2 17 19 18

20 1 Dummy 0 20 20 23 23 3 Paint cabinets 6 20 26 20 26 0 Paint walls and ceiling 3 20 23 23 26 3 Lay vinyl floor 1 26 27 26 27 0 Prof. Awad Hanna FF 0

2 2 4 21 0 2 0 3 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 2 1 0 3 - INTF 1 2 1 3 0 1 1 1 1 1 2

1 2 2 1 2 3 1 1 0 3 0 - INDF 2 2 4 21 1 2 0 0 0 0 3 - Early Start Event In the forward pass, the maximum of the EFD values for all activities merging at a node is taken as ESD

value for all the activities that burst from the same node. TEj = MaxI (TEi +Tij) Prof. Awad Hanna For all activities entering node j, TEj is taken as the greatest sum of all activities merge to the node Prof. Awad Hanna Late Finish Event In the backward computations, the minimum of LSD valves is taken as the latest finish time for all activities that enter the node. TLj = MinI (TLi +Tij) Prof. Awad Hanna Start by the last activity, the TL for the next earlier node is taken as the minimum value of the late time event minus activity duration. Prof. Awad Hanna Prof. Awad Hanna Total Float Tfij = TLj - TEi - Tij

Example TF2-20 = TL20 - TE2 - T2-20 = 17 - 0 - 10 = 7 Prof. Awad Hanna Free Float FFij = TEj - TEi - Tij Example FF2-20 = TE20 - TE2 - T2-20 = 14 - 0 - 10 = 4 Prof. Awad Hanna Interfering Float INTFij = TLj - TEj Example INTF2-20 = TL20 - TE20 = 17 - 14 = 3 Independent Float INDFij = TEj - TLi - Tij Example INDF2-20 = TE20 - TL2 - T2-20 = 14 - 0 - 10 = 4 Prof. Awad Hanna

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