Voice, Purpose, Audience & Writing - University of Michigan

Voice, Purpose, Audience & Writing - University of Michigan

Voice, Purpose, Audience & Writing There are many elements that go into writing. In this lesson we are going to address three of them: Voice Purpose Audience

VOICE Definition: Voice has two meanings as it concerns creative writers: Voice is the author's style, the quality that makes his or her writing unique, and which conveys the author's attitude, personality, and character; or Voice is the characteristic speech and thought patterns of a narrator; a persona. Because voice has so much to do with the reader's experience of a work of literature, it is one of the most important elements of a piece of writing. Also Known As: persona Examples:

Young writers are often urged to find their own voice in fiction, but many teachers believe that voice is something that emerges naturally as a writer develops. Purpose Purpose is the reason why you are writing. You may write a grocery list in order to remember what you need to buy. You may write a laboratory report in order to carefully describe a chemistry experiment. You may write an argumentative essay in order to persuade someone to change the parking rules on campus. You may write a letter to a friend to express your excitement about her new job.

Notice that selecting the form for your writing (list, report, essay, letter) is one of your choices that helps you achieve your purpose. You also have choices about style, organization, kinds of evidence that help you achieve your purpose Focusing on your purpose as you begin writing helps you know what form to choose, how to focus and organize your writing, what kinds of evidence to cite, how formal or informal your style should be, and how much you should write. Audience An audience is a group of readers who reads a particular

piece of writing. As a writer, you should anticipate the needs or expectations of your audience in order to convey information or argue for a particular claim. Your audience might be your instructor, classmates, the president of an organization, the staff of a management company, or any other number of possibilities. You need to know your audience before you start writing.

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