Using Twitter in P&L

Using Twitter in P&L

Using Twitter in P&L Haylie Pepper Perth College @haylie_pepper 1 Unit 1 Democracy and the rule of law Political and legal system operating principles of a liberal democracy equality of political rights majority rule political participation political freedom #11PAL1 legislative processes at the State or Commonwealth levels #11PAL7 structure of the political and legal system in Australia the court hierarchy, methods of statutory interpretation and the doctrine of precedent #11PAL2 #11PAL8 roles of the legislative, executive and judicial branches of government key processes of civil and criminal trials in Western Australia #11PAL3

#11PAL9 key influences on the structure of the political and legal system in Australia the Westminster system of government English common law the American federal system the Canadian federal system the Swiss referendum process key processes of at least one non-common law system #11PAL4 at least one contemporary issue (the last three years) involving the legislative process structures and processes of one democratic political and legal system one non-democratic political and legal system #11PAL10 Political and legal issues #11PAL11 and #11PAL5 types of laws made by parliaments, courts and subordinate authorities #11PAL6 at least one contemporary issue (the last three years) involving the judicial process.

#11PAL12 2 Unit 2 Representation and justice strengths and weaknesses of Western Australias Political and legal systems Essential to the understanding of representation and justice are the principles of fair elections, participation and natural justice. political representation with reference to the role of political parties and pressure groups #11PAL13 adversarial civil and criminal law processes #11PAL19 a recently implemented or proposed reform (the last ten years) to the civil or criminal law process in Western Australia #11PAL20 the Western Australian and Commonwealth electoral and voting systems since Federation #11PAL14 strengths and weaknesses of the processes and procedures of at least one non-common law system #11PAL21 advantages and disadvantages of the electoral and voting systems in Australia with reference to at least one recent (the last ten years) election #11PAL15 a recently implemented or proposed reform (the last

ten years) to the electoral and voting systems in Australia #11PAL16 Political and legal issues The political and legal issues are best addressed in combination with the relevant content of the Australian political and legal system. This requires an examination of: at least one contemporary issue (the last three years) centering on representation #11PAL22 the electoral and voting systems of another country #11PAL17 ways individuals, political parties and pressure groups can participate in the electoral processes in Australia #11PAL18 and at least one contemporary issue (the last three years) centering on justice. #11PAL23 3 Unit 3: Political & legal power Political and legal systems legislative, executive and judicial powers with reference to the Commonwealth Constitution (Australia) and with comparison to one nonWestminster political and legal system #12PAL1 functions of the Commonwealth Parliament in theory and in practice, including Sections 7, 24, 51, 53, and

the decline of parliament thesis #12PAL2 roles and powers of the Governor-General, including Sections 61, 62, 63, 64, 68, 28, 57, 72, and the 1975 crisis #12PAL3 roles and powers of the Prime Minister, Cabinet and the Ministry #12PAL4 roles and powers of the opposition and the shadow ministry at the Commonwealth level #12PAL5 political mandates in theory and in practice, including competing mandates #12PAL6 lawmaking process in parliament and the courts, with reference to the influence of individuals political parties pressure groups #12PAL7 roles and powers of the High Court of Australia, including Sections 71, 72, 73, 75 and 76 with reference to at least one common law decision and at least one constitutional decision #12PAL8 federalism in Australia with reference to constitutional powers of State and Commonwealth parliaments, including exclusive, concurrent and residual powers, Sections 51, 52, 90, 107 and 109 financial powers of the Commonwealth Parliament, including taxation power, tied or special purpose grants, including Sections 51(ii), 87, 90, 92 and 96 change in the balance of power since federation, with reference to

o financial powers, including vertical fiscal imbalance and horizontal fiscal equalisation, the Grants Commission o referral of powers Section 51(xxxvii) o the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) o co-operative federalism as opposed to coercive federalism o High Court of Australia constitutional interpretation, including external affairs power Section 51(xxix), corporations power Section 51(xx), and taxation powers #12PAL9 formal and informal methods of constitutional change and their impact referendums, including Section 128 High Court of Australia decisions referral of powers unchallenged legislation #12PAL10 Political and legal issues at least one reform proposal to change the Commonwealth Constitution (Australia), such as #12PAL11 at least one contemporary issue (the last three years) relating to political power #12PAL12 at least one contemporary issue (the last three years) relating to legal power. #12PAL13 4 Unit 4 Accountability and rights Political and legal systems

the accountability of the Commonwealth Parliament through elections for the House of Representatives and the Senate through the House of Representatives and Senate Privileges Committees within the procedures and processes of the Parliament #12PAL14 the accountability of the Executive and public servants through collective and individual ministerial responsibility through Senate Estimates and at least one other committee of the Commonwealth Parliament through the Commonwealth Auditor General and the Administrative Appeals Tribunal (AAT) through judicial review #12PAL15 the extent of the accountability of the GovernorGeneral and the Office of the Governor-General through appointment through removal the 1975 crisis and the Hollingworth affair #12PAL16 the ways human rights are protected in Australia, including in the Constitution, common law, statutory rights, and charter of rights, such as the Charter of Human Rights and Responsibilities Act 2006 (Victoria) and the Human Rights Act 2004 (Australian Capital Territory) #12PAL18 the status of international covenants, protocols and treaties in protecting human rights in Australia #12PAL18

the ways human rights are protected in one other country #12PAL19 the ways in which Australia and one other country can both uphold and/or undermine democratic principles, with reference to political representation popular participation the rule of law judicial independence natural justice #12PAL20 Political and legal issues the changing experience of a particular group with respect to their political and legal rights in Australia. #12PAL21 the accountability of the courts through the appeals process through parliamentary scrutiny and legislation through transparent processes and public confidence through the censure and removal of judges, including Section 72 #12PAL17

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