Universal IP Biopsych Part 1 - Napa Valley College

Universal IP Biopsych Part 1 - Napa Valley College

A Brief History of Psychology This section covers: The definition of psychology A brief history of psychology INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY 2016 Cengage Learning. The Goals of Psychology A Brief History of Psychology 2016 Cengage Learning. Experiencing Psychology: How Much Do You

Know About Behavior? Indicate whether you believe each statement is true (T) or false (F). Tru e T False 2. Genes only affect people during prenatal development. T F 3. For most people, intelligence peaks in their late 30s or

early 40s. 4. During sleep, the brain is mostly resting and inactive. T F T F 5. Feeling good can make you smile, but not the reverse. T F

6. Expressing pent-up anger reduces feelings of aggression. T F 7. Most relationships follow the idea that opposites attract T F 1. People are either left-brain or right-brain thinkers.

Contemporary Psychology F 2016 Cengage Learning. The Roots of Psychology Philosophy Plato (427347 BCE) to Ren Descartes (1596 1650) Pondered the relationship between the mind and body, and between knowledge and experience Empiricists such as Locke (1632-1704) Viewed the mind as a blank slate Eventually, philosophical concepts and a

physiological understanding of the brain merged into what we now call psychology A Brief History of Psychology 2016 Cengage Learning. Structuralism Wilhelm Wundt (1832 to 1920) and Edward Titchener (1867 to 1923) Key idea: our consciousness can be broken down into its essential elements A Brief History of Psychology 2016 Cengage Learning.

Structuralism Introspection The personal observation of our own thoughts, feelings, and behaviors Ignore what this object is, and instead, describe your conscious experience of it A Brief History of Psychology 2016 Cengage Learning. Functionalism William James (1842 to 1910) Key idea: our consciousness serves an adaptive purpose by helping us survive A Brief History of Psychology

2016 Cengage Learning. Psychodynamic Theory Sigmund Freud (1856 to 1939) Key idea: our behavior is deeply influenced by unconscious thoughts, impulses, and desires Many unconscious drives are sexual or destructive in nature. A Brief History of Psychology 2016 Cengage Learning. Behaviorism James B. Watson (1878 to 1958) and B. F. Skinner (1904 to 1990) Key idea: our behavior is learned, observable,

and measurable A Brief History of Psychology 2016 Cengage Learning. Humanistic Psychology Abraham Maslow (1908 to 1970) and Carl Rogers (1902 to 1987) Key idea: we have free will to live more creative, meaningful, and satisfying lives A Brief History of Psychology 2016 Cengage Learning. The Gestalt Viewpoint Max Wertheimer (1880

to 1941) Key idea: to understand consciousness, we must study the whole, not just its component parts A Brief History of Psychology 2016 Cengage Learning. Who Are These Psychologists? First female psychologist to earn a PhD in America First AfricanAmerican PhD, examined racism

Denied a PhD, later elected first woman president of the APA A Brief History of Psychology 2016 Cengage Learning. Cognitive Psychology Ulric Neisser (1928 to 2012) Key idea: how our brain processes information influences how we behave A Brief History of Psychology

2016 Cengage Learning. Contemporary Psychology This section covers: Modern psychological perspectives Careers in psychology INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY 2016 Cengage Learning. Modern Psychological Perspectives Contemporary Psychology 2016 Cengage Learning.

Integrating the Perspectives The eclectic, or integrated, approach Combining several perspectives provides a more complete picture of behavior For example, anxiety may be described as: A change in brain chemistry A learned behavior An adaptive response A product of unresolved feelings Rooted in a dissatisfaction with ones self Contemporary Psychology 2016 Cengage Learning. Which Subfield Do Psychologists Today

Choose? Clinical 48.3 Counseling 8.3 Social 5.7 Biological 5.1

Neuroscience 5.1 Industrial/Organizational 4.5 Developmental 4.5 Educational 3.7

Cognitive 3.3 Other 0 16.6 10 20 30

40 50 60 Percentage Contemporary Psychology 2016 Cengage Learning. Where Do Psychologists Work? Other educational institutions; 8.16%

Business/ government/ other; 21.43% College and universities; 32.65% Human service sector; 37.76% Contemporary Psychology 2016 Cengage Learning.

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