Unit 6 - World War I (1914 - 1920)

Unit 6 - World War I (1914 - 1920)

Unit 6 World War I (1914 1920) The 4 MAIN! Causes of The Great War Europe During WW I (P. 284) 1. Which nations were the Allies? 2. Which nations were the Central Powers? 3. Which nation has the greatest geographical advantage? 4. Which nation has the greatest geographical disadvantage? 5. Where did most of the

fighting occur? Allies M.A.I.N. Causes of World War I Militarism Alliances Imperialism Nationalism

Define each term (use the dictionary or your glossary) What does it look like? In other words tell how each term/ practice could cause 2 or more countries to go to war today. Exit Slip Causes of WW I 1. 2. 3. 4.

MilitarismAlliancesImperialismNationalism- A. An association of nations pledged to defend one another B. Policy of building an empire; adding colonies C. Pride in ones country; patriotism D. An aggressive state of military preparedness Militarism A state of extreme,

aggressive military preparedness; a nationalistic glorification of the military. Often results in an arms race between nations. My weapons are better than yours! Alliances A close association of nations acting together for a common object such as for defense in case of an attack by an

enemy. Russia Great Britain Germany Austria- Hungary France Italy World War I Alliances

Central Powers Germany Austria-Hungary Ottoman Empire Bulgaria

Allied Powers Great Britain France Belgium Russia Serbia Greece Italy (1915) U.S.A. (1917) Imperialism

The policy of forming and maintaining an empire, as by establishing colonies and/or dominating the affairs of weaker nations. It is intense and highly competitive! Nationalism A devotion to ones nation; having pride in your nation or heritage. Can become dangerous

when it is coupled with extremism & militarism. i.e. an Im better than you attitude. The Powder Keg Explodes Bosnia & Serbia (S.E. Europe) were annexed by Austria-Hungary in 1913. The Balkan Peninsula had long been considered the Powder Keg of Europe. Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdinand and his wife Sophie traveled to Sarajevo, Bosnia to try to calm tensions and reassure the people of Bosnia.

Assassination! June 28, 1914 The Black Hand (a Serbian Nationalist Group) planned to kill the Archduke. Gavrilo Princip fired the deadly shots. July 28, 1914, A-H declared war on Serbia and the Alliance System broke down. The Conflict Widens Germany was prepared! It had a first strike strategy called the Schlieffen

Plan that called for a quick sweep into France to take it out of the war. Because Germany had to go through neutral Belgium, it drew Great Britain into the war on the side of the Allies. By late 1914, the Ottoman Empire joined the Central Powers and Italy joined the Allies in 1915. Stalemate! Germanys advance on Paris was stopped 30 miles short and both sides dug in for the long haul. Trench Warfare 450 miles of trenches across the Western Front.

1000s were slaughtered as they attacked and counter attacked across no mans land. Germany & Austria had great success against Russia on the Eastern Front however.

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