Understanding Poetic Structure

Understanding Poetic Structure

Understanding Poetic Structure Rhyme Meter Figurative Language Poetic Terms Rhyme The repetition of vowel sounds in accented syllables and all syllables that follow (ex. glisten listen)

When rhyme is found within the same line of poetry, it is internal rhyme When rhyme is found at the end of lines of poetry, it is end rhyme Rhyme The purpose of rhyme is to create a sound cadence for the reader Poets often create a pattern of end rhyme This pattern, when identified, is called a

rhyme scheme When determining the rhyme scheme, each rhyming sound is represented by a different letter of the alphabet Rhyme Because rhyming is difficult, and to create different effects on the reader, poets also use approximate rhyme Approximate rhyme is also known as off

rhyme, half rhyme, or slant rhyme These rhymes can be equated to a sharp or flat note in music Meter A pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry Each syllable in a line of poetry is labeled with a stress mark, or an unstressed mark The purpose of meter is to create a

recognizable rhythm through a regular sound pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables Meter Metrical patterns, composed of stressed and unstressed syllabic marks, create a foot of meter Common metrical feet are: iambic, anapestic, trochaic, and dactylic Each is a different combination of stressed

and unstressed syllabic marks Meter An iambic foot of meter is composed of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable An anapestic foot of meter is composed of two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed syllable

Meter A trochaic foot of meter is composed of a stressed syllable followed by an unstressed syllable A dactylic foot of meter is composed of a stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables Reading a poem to determine its metrical pattern is called scansion

Meter A poem that has two of a particular metrical foot in each line is written in dimeter

If it has three metrical feet in each line it is written in trimeter If it has four feet, it is written in tetrameter If it has five feet, it is written in pentameter Six feet hexameter Seven feet heptameter Eight feet - octameter Figurative Language Using words or phrases to describe something

in terms of another thing, with the intent that the description will not be taken literally The more common figures of speech are simile, metaphor, personification, and symbol Conceit is an elaborate figure of speech that is often lengthy, and which compares two startlingly different objects Figurative Language Sound devices are also a form of figurative language

Some common sound devices are assonance, alliteration, consonance, onomatopoeia Other figures of speech are hyperbole, metonymy, oxymoron, synecdoche Poetic Devices and Terms Allusion is a reference to someone of something known from history, literature, religion, sports, science, etc. allusion is a device also used in other forms of writing

Apostrophe is a technique a poet uses to address an inanimate object, idea, or person who is dead or absent apostrophe is also used in other forms of writing Poetic Devices and Terms Caesura is a pause or break within a line of poetry Concrete Poem is a poem in which the words of the poem themselves are arranged in a

manner to visually suggest the poems subject of meaning Couplet consists of two rhyming lines of poetry Poetic Devices and Terms Dramatic monologue is a poem in which a character in the poem speaks to one or more listeners Epic is a long narrative poem it uses very formal language and recounts heroic figures

Free verse is poetry that does not conform to a regular meter or rhyme scheme Poetic Devices and Terms Lyric Poem is a poem that does not tell a story, but expresses the personal thoughts or feelings of the speaker/poet Octave is an eight line poem, or more often, the first eight lines of a Petrarchan sonnet Ode is a lyric poem that is usually very long and

pays homage to a person or an object Quatrain is a poem consisting of four lines that function as a unit of thought Poetic Devices and Terms Refrain is a word, phrase, line, or group of lines in a poem that are repeated for effect several times during a poem Sestet is a six line poem, especially the last six lines of a Petrarchan sonnet

Sonnet is a fourteen line poem, usually written in iambic pentameter, and following a Petrarchan or Shakespearian structure

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Prezentace aplikace PowerPoint

    Prezentace aplikace PowerPoint

    Times New Roman Arial Calibri Comic Sans MS Wingdings Symbol Default Design Headache Headache Headache - classification Headache - classification Headache - classification Migraine Tension type headache Trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias (TACs) Other primary headaches Headache Headache Migraine Pathophysiology of migraine...
  • Remnant & renewal Critical contextualization & the apostolic ...

    Remnant & renewal Critical contextualization & the apostolic ...

    Remnant & renewal. Critical contextualization & the apostolic christian church (nazarean) ... The Theory, the Gap, the Challenge," International Bulletin of Missionary Research, January 1997, pp 2-7. ... Remnant & renewal Critical contextualization & the apostolic christian church (nazarean) ...
  • Chapter 18 - The Process of Evolution MICROEVOLUTION

    Chapter 18 - The Process of Evolution MICROEVOLUTION

    Mating a. Random mating is pairing by chance b. Nonrandom mating - individuals choose their mates Which method of mating do humans use? Can you think of any organisms that mate randomly?
  • MESOPOTAMIA Early life  Dress  Houses  Roles (Men and

    MESOPOTAMIA Early life Dress Houses Roles (Men and

    Early church Hierarchy (diagram p. 378) Lets go on a tour. cemeteries then and now . The last supper . Empire accept Christianity. Diocletian. Constantine. Theodosius. Have pictures of each item and make a PowerPoint slides with not too much...
  • Global Issues Seminar Series January 25, 2006 The

    Global Issues Seminar Series January 25, 2006 The

    Finance Minister of Government of India 17 World Bank Water Sector Strategy & Infrastructure Action Plan: scaling up 18 Discussion 19 Without 'riparian' cooperation, water will increasingly breed conflict Without major water investments, many poor economies cannot grow The world's...
  • 4.2 Sociocultural Level of Analysis: Social and Cultural Norms

    4.2 Sociocultural Level of Analysis: Social and Cultural Norms

    4.2 Sociocultural Level of Analysis: Social and Cultural Norms. Social Learning Theory. How are norms passed on to individuals in a group? Social Learning. Done through observational learning. Watching models and imitating. Factors. Attention: person must pay attention.
  • What would happen if there were no border between the United ...

    What would happen if there were no border between the United ...

    Last Day of Egg Experiment& Diffusion Lab - Discard egg into beaker on station 8. NOT THE SINK!!!!! - Throw away empty plastic baggie. - Wash cups out with soap and water.
  • How to Pursue Administrative And/Or Disciplinary Action ...

    How to Pursue Administrative And/Or Disciplinary Action ...

    The need for the USPS to serve the public efficiently and productively, and the need for all employees to be committed to giving a fair day's work for a fair day's pay, does not justify actions that are abusive or...