U1 A Design Process - Kenwood Academy

U1 A Design Process - Kenwood Academy

A Design Process Introduction to Engineering Design 2012 Project Lead The Way, Inc. The Design Process What Is Design? What Is a Design Process? Design Process Examples

Design Process Used in IED 2012 Project Lead The Way, Inc. What Is Design? The word design is often used as a generic term that refers to anything that was made by a conscious human effort.

Design is also a process that is used to systematically solve problems. 2012 Project Lead The Way, Inc. What Is a Design Process? A design process is a systematic problem-solving strategy, with criteria and constraints, used to develop many possible solutions to solve or satisfy human needs or wants and to narrow down the

possible solutions to one final choice. ITEA Standards for Technological Literacy Images courtesy of NASA 2012 Project Lead The Way, Inc. Design Process Various design processes are used across different technical fields. The

following are examples. 2012 Project Lead The Way, Inc. Design Process Example 1. Identify problems and opportunities 2. Frame a design brief 3. Investigate and research 4. Generate alternative solutions 5. Choose a solution 6. Developmental work 7. Model and prototype 8. Test and evaluate 9. Redesign and improve

Design and Problem Solving in Technology 2012 Project Lead The Way, Inc. Design Process Example 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Identify the need Define the criteria Explore/research/investigate Generate alternate solutions Choose a solution Develop the solution Model/prototype Test and evaluate Redesign and improve Engineering Drawing and Design (3rd edition) 2012 Project Lead The Way, Inc.

Design Process Example 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. ITEA

Tec hno Standa logic r al L ds for itera cy Define the problem Brainstorm Research and generate ideas Identify criteria and specify constraints Explore possibilities Select an approach Develop a design proposal

Make a model or prototype Test and evaluate the design using specifications Refine the design Create or make solution Communicate processes and results 2012 Project Lead The Way, Inc. Design Process used in IED 1. Define the Problem 2. Generate Concepts 3. Develop a Solution 4. Construct and Test a Prototype 5. Evaluate the Solution 6. Present the Solution

This design process was developed based on the University of Maryland - College Park - IRB Research Project 2012 Project Lead The Way, Inc. Design Process Design process used in IED is an example of one design process Many design processes exist and are effective Consistently applying a single clearly defined design process provides a basis for understanding

2012 Project Lead The Way, Inc. Define the Problem Identify a problem Validate the problem Who says it is a problem? Needs and wants Prior solutions Justify the problem Is the problem worth solving? Create design requirements (specifications) Criteria and constraints Design Brief 2012 Project Lead The Way, Inc.

Define the Problem Design Brief A written plan that identifies a problem to be solved, its criteria, and its constraints. Used to encourage thinking of all aspects of a problem before attempting a solution. 2012 Project Lead The Way, Inc. Define the Problem Identify a problem Validate the problem

Who says it is a problem? Needs and wants Prior solutions Justify the problem Is the problem worth solving? In some cases, if the problem is not valid or justifiable, the designer must define a new problem. Create design requirements (specifications) Criteria and constraints

Design Brief 2012 Project Lead The Way, Inc. Generate Concepts Research Brainstorm possible solutions Consider additional design goals Apply STEM principles Select an approach Decision Matrix 2012 Project Lead The Way, Inc.

Generate Concepts Decision Matrix A tool used to compare design solutions against one another, using specific criteria. 2012 Project Lead The Way, Inc. Generate Concepts Research Brainstorm possible solutions Consider additional design

goals Apply STEM principles Select an approach Decision Matrix If the technology necessary to develop the solution does not exist, scientific research may be necessary to pursue a solution. 2012 Project Lead The Way, Inc. Develop a Solution Create detailed design

solution Justify the solution path Technical Drawings 2012 Project Lead The Way, Inc. Develop a Solution Technical Drawings Drawings that provide technical information necessary to produce a product. material, size, shape assembly, if necessary

2012 Project Lead The Way, Inc. Develop a Solution Select an approach Decision Matrix Create detailed design solution Technical Drawings Justify the solution path If a solution is found to be invalid or cannot be justified, the designer must return to a previous step in the design process. 2012 Project Lead The Way, Inc.

Construct and Test a Prototype Construct a testable prototype Plan prototype testing Performance Usability Durability Test prototype collect test data analyze test data Test Report

2012 Project Lead The Way, Inc. Construct and Test a Prototype Construct a testable prototype Plan prototype testing Performance Usability If Durability a testable prototype cannot be built or test Test prototype

analysis indicates a data collect test data flawed design, the analyze test data designer must return to a Test Report previous step of the design process. 2012 Project Lead The Way, Inc. Evaluate the Solution Evaluate solution

effectiveness Reflect on design Recommend improvements Optimize/Redesign the solution [Return to prior design process steps, if necessary] Revise design documents Project Recommendations 2012 Project Lead The Way, Inc. Evaluate the Solution

Evaluate solution effectiveness Reflect on design Recommend improvements Optimize/Redesign the solution [Return to prior design process steps, if necessary] Revise design documents Project Recommendations 2012 Project Lead The Way, Inc.

Evaluate the Solution Does the solution solve the problem? If not, the designer must return to a previous step of the design process. 2012 Project Lead The Way, Inc. Present the Solution Document the project Project Portfolio Communicate the

project Formal Presentation 2012 Project Lead The Way, Inc. Design Process Iterative a process that repeats a series of steps over and over until the desired outcome is obtained 2012 Project Lead The Way, Inc.

A Design Process Product Innovation Product improvement or redesign will require the designer to repeat the design process. 2012 Project Lead The Way, Inc. Image Resources National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). (n.d.).

NASA image exchange. Retrieved from http://nix.nasa.gov/. 2012 Project Lead The Way, Inc.

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Scaffolded approach to "the" research paper

    Scaffolded approach to "the" research paper

    Essay from an average writer. The conversation is literal conversation but also through Blackboard. Notice the reflections following the quotations that clear show how the student is using the quotation for HIS OWN PURPOSES. They are not dropped quotes. Notice...
  • Title Layout - EFCOG

    Title Layout - EFCOG

    Duluth, Minneapolis/Saint Paul in MN, Waterloo and Des Moines, Iowa; Kansas City MO, Kansas City KS, Topeka, SW thru Emporia at Wichita, KS turns directly south thru Norman and Oklahoma City, OK, into Dallas,/Fort Worth, Waco, Austin, San Antonio, ending...
  • 3rd Edition, Chapter 5 - Winthrop

    3rd Edition, Chapter 5 - Winthrop

    Chapter 7 Multimedia Networking Computer Networking: A Top Down Approach ... (TOS) in IPv4, and Traffic Class in IPv6 6 bits used for Differentiated Service Code Point (DSCP) determine PHB that the packet will receive 2 bits currently unused Multmedia...
  • Compiler Construction - Northwestern University

    Compiler Construction - Northwestern University

    (Hold that thought) The scanning process Definition: Regular expressions (over alphabet ) is an RE denoting { } If , then is an RE denoting { } If r and s are REs, then (r) is an RE denoting L(r)...
  • Growth Kinetics of Parent and Green Fluorescent Protein-Producing

    Growth Kinetics of Parent and Green Fluorescent Protein-Producing

    The green fluorescent protein (GFP) is a small polypeptide (27 kDa) from the jellyfish Aequora victoria that has been cloned and expressed in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Colonies of bacterial cells expressing GFP can be easily detected and counted...
  • Nationalised PPT on Goods & Services Tax (GST)

    Nationalised PPT on Goods & Services Tax (GST)

    The supply and import of Goods and Services specified in this chapter made by a taxable person shall be a taxable supply subject to the zero rate. Article 45. lays down fourteen (14) instances (direct/indirect exports, international transport, etc.) are...
  • Click to type title second line and third line

    Click to type title second line and third line

    How do we understand open science?. Open Science describes a way of working which makes research more inclusive, more collaborative and more transparent. Elsevier partners with the research community to empower open science.
  • Where There's a Wall

    Where There's a Wall

    Where there's a wall there are words to whisper by loose bricks, Wailing prayers to utter, birds to carry messages taped to their feet. There are letters to be written- poems even. Faint as in a dream is the voice...