Title of Presentation

Title of Presentation

Hazing: Prevention Strategies & Lessons Learned Susan DuMont Louisiana Campus Safety Workshop| 2/20/2018 Session Goals & Notes I hope that you will leave here today: prepared to return to campus motivated and ready to review your campuss hazing prevention strategy in order to reduce risk of student injury and liability. having thought about your campus philosophy & motivations regarding hazing prevention.

with a very brief understanding of the current recommendations regarding hazing prevention. 02/2018| Hazing Prevention: Louisiana Campus Safety Workshop 2 Session Goals & Notes Cont. We are not going to: obsess over language choices. discuss your individual campus response plan. exploit, or minimize, hazing tragedies.

completely solve the problem here today in this room. Please feel comfortable asking questions throughout. 02/2018| Hazing Prevention: Louisiana Campus Safety Workshop 3 What Is Hazing? Hazing is remarkably hard to define in all context. It would have been an impossible test if the legislature had

attempted to define hazing specifically. Fraternal organizations and associations have never suffered for ideas in contriving new forms of hazing. People v. Lenti, 253 N.Y.S.2d 9, 13 (N.Y. Cnty. Ct. 1964). Many definitions used at the campuses across the state Not currently defined by the Louisiana legislature 02/2018| Hazing Prevention: Louisiana Campus Safety Workshop 4 Hazing Defined Hazing is any action taken or any situation created intentionally that causes

embarrassment, harassment or ridicule and risks emotional and/or physical harm to members of a group or team, whether new or not, regardless of the persons willingness to participate. - HazingPrevention.Org 02/2018| Hazing Prevention: Louisiana Campus Safety Workshop 5 Hazing Defined Cont. Common Factors Among Hazing Definitions Power differential between those in a group and those who want to

join a group, or between junior and senior members of a group Intentional initiation rite, practice, or tradition Willingness to participate does not absolute liability for either party Hazing exists on a spectrum, and it is dangerous to talk only in the extremes. 02/2018| Hazing Prevention: Louisiana Campus Safety Workshop 6 Current Reality of Collegiate Hazing There is no dispute that hazing is harming

college students. Louisiana knows this. However, although catastrophic tragedies have raised the profile of hazing harms, the prevention effort is still often less than necessary, ineffective, or isolated. 02/2018| Hazing Prevention: Louisiana Campus Safety Workshop 7 Motivations for Hazing Prevention Reduce Harm To Students

Minimize Institutional Liability 02/2018| Hazing Prevention: Louisiana Campus Safety Workshop Minimize Media Risk 8 Challenges to Effective Hazing Prevention Staff Hesitance

Inconsistent Standards Across Campus Groups Weak or Outdated Policies Inconsistent Outcomes 02/2018| Hazing Prevention: Louisiana Campus Safety Workshop 9 Challenges to Effective Hazing Prevention Staff Hesitance Does that create liability? Does that report warrant response?

Am I the one who should respond to this? 02/2018| Hazing Prevention: Louisiana Campus Safety Workshop 10 Challenges to Effective Hazing Prevention Inconsistent Standards Across Campus Groups Standards & Training for Fraternities & Sororities Compared to Athletes Compared to scholarship groups, band, theater, etc. You can see demonstrated this in the state law. LA. STAT. ANN.17:1801.

02/2018| Hazing Prevention: Louisiana Campus Safety Workshop 11 Challenges to Effective Hazing Prevention Weak or Outdated Policies Confusing Narrow Inconsistent Lack ownership Outdated Not consistent with campus practice

02/2018| Hazing Prevention: Louisiana Campus Safety Workshop 12 Challenges to Effective Hazing Prevention Inconsistent Outcomes At every level Student to Student Report to Report Group to Group Campus to Campus

02/2018| Hazing Prevention: Louisiana Campus Safety Workshop 13 THE LEGAL PERSPECTIVE 02/2018| Hazing Prevention: Louisiana Campus Safety Workshop 14 The Limitations Limited Case Law Criminal vs. Civil Differing Definitions

No Federal Legislation Differences in Liability Between Parties Highly Fact Specific That said 02/2018| Hazing Prevention: Louisiana Campus Safety Workshop 15 Theories of Liability Furek v. Delaware, 594 A.2d 506, 509 (Del. 1991) Morrison v. Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, 739 So. 2d 1105 (La. Ct. App. 1999) (writs denied) Knoll v. Board of Regents of the State of Nebraska, 601 N.W.2d 757

(Neb. 1999) Ballou v. Sigma Nu General Fraternity, 352 S.E.2d 488 (S.C. 1986) Coghlan v. Beta Theta Pi Fraternity, 987 P.2d 300 (Idaho 1999) Title IX 02/2018| Hazing Prevention: Louisiana Campus Safety Workshop 16 Recovery Limitations Yost v. Wabash College, 3 N.E.3d 509 (Ind. 2014) Smith v. Delta Tau Delta, 9 N.E.3d 154 (Ind. 2014) Rabel v. Illinois Wesleyan University, 514 N.E.2d 552 (Ill. App. Ct.

1987) Pelham v. Board of Regents of University System of Georgia, 321 Ga. App 791 (Ga. App. 2013) Alton v. Texas A&M University, 168 F.3d 196 (5th Cir. 1999) 02/2018| Hazing Prevention: Louisiana Campus Safety Workshop 17 Lessons Learned from Settlements & Juries Gary DeVercelly, Phi Kappa Tau at Rider

Robert Champion, Marching Band at Florida A&M Chun Deng, Pi Delta Psi at Baruch Tucker Hipps, Sigma Phi Epsilon at Clemson Brett Griffin, Sigma Alpha Mu at Delaware Sigma Alpha Epsilon Policy Changes 02/2018| Hazing Prevention: Louisiana Campus Safety Workshop 18 A Public Health Approach BEST PRACTICES IN PREVENTION

02/2018| Hazing Prevention: Louisiana Campus Safety Workshop 19 Public Health Approach Generally Surveillance What is the problem? Identify risk & protective factors

Implementati on Scale effective programs & policy Develop & Evaluate Interventions What are the causes? What works & for

whom? 02/2018| Hazing Prevention: Louisiana Campus Safety Workshop 20 Applied to Hazing Prevention Surveillance Track Data. This is SCARY. And hard. Identify Risk & Protective Factors Understand YOUR Hazing Problem.

Develop & Evaluate Interventions Strong, Clear Policies. That are consistently enforced. Investigate Reports. Act. Track Outcomes. Implement 02/2018| Hazing Prevention: Louisiana Campus Safety Workshop 21 Get Help & Use Partners Get the right folks at the table. You have experts. Find them and use them. On public health, and on hazing. Identify your internal and external

stakeholders. Find the students who care about this. 02/2018| Hazing Prevention: Louisiana Campus Safety Workshop 22 Final Thoughts Compare your hazing prevention efforts to other campus safety initiatives. Hazing is relationship violence. Hazing a fundamental campus safety issue. Prevention is your best defense.

02/2018| Hazing Prevention: Louisiana Campus Safety Workshop 23 Returning to The Challenges to Effective Hazing Prevention Staff Hesitance Inconsistent Standards Across Campus Groups Weak or Outdated Policies Inconsistent Outcomes What are YOUR next steps?

02/2018| Hazing Prevention: Louisiana Campus Safety Workshop 24 FINAL THOUGHTS OR QUESTIONS? Month Here | Title Space 25

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