Theoretical Foundations

Theoretical Foundations

eaching and Learning with Technolog Teaching Teaching and andLearning Learning with with Technology Technolog

Chapter 1 Theoretical Foundations Teaching and Learning with Technology Allyn and Bacon 2005 Educational Technology Educational technology is any technology that is used to support teaching and learning

ISTEs NETS-T and NETS-S standards articulate what teachers and students should know Teaching and Learning with Technology Allyn and Bacon 2005 Educational Technology and Instruction Technology are the tools to help create an effective instructional event Instructional events = all teaching methods and learning experiences

Learning environment = physical and nonphysical aspects where instruction takes place Teaching and Learning with Technology Allyn and Bacon 2005 About Learning Variety of theories explain how we learn Each theory offers a different perspective or view as to how learning occurs Some theories may be contradictory

Teachers must decide on theory for themselves Teaching and Learning with Technology Allyn and Bacon 2005 Learning Theories Foundation Building Blocks for Using Technology in Teaching and Learning

Teaching and Learning with Technology Allyn and Bacon 2005 Learning Theories Learning as Communication Knowledge is transferred from sender to receiver Receiver returns feedback to sender Sender receives feedback Variables may alter intended meaning. Teaching and Learning with Technology

Allyn and Bacon 2005 Learning Theories Learning as Communication Teaching and Learning with Technology Allyn and Bacon 2005 Learning Theories Factors Affection Communication

Teaching and Learning with Technology Allyn and Bacon 2005 Learning Theories Environmental Factors Any factor that may cause a learner to lose focus Can block communications Lighting, movement, temperature may interfere with communications Teaching and Learning with Technology

Allyn and Bacon 2005 Learning Theories Psychological Factors Individual differences that define and impact communicated information Emotional state may interfere with message reception Learning styles may interfere with transmission Teaching and Learning with Technology

Allyn and Bacon 2005 Learning Theories Personal Filters Individuals values, heritage, and belief system May include attitudes, cultural differences, and opinions Filters are present in both sender and receiver Teaching and Learning with Technology Allyn and Bacon 2005

Learning Theories Behaviorists Perspective All behavior is a response to external stimuli Students learn in response to rewards and punishments Learning is a passive response to the environment Teaching and Learning with Technology Allyn and Bacon 2005

Learning Theories Cognitivists Perspective Focus is on learning as a mental operation Information enters through senses Learning is explained by how one thinks Believe learning is more complex than behaviorist responses Teaching and Learning with Technology Allyn and Bacon 2005 Learning Theories Constructivists Perspective

Knowledge is constructed as a result of the learning process Learning occurs when knowledge is assimilated or accommodated (Piaget) Knowledge may be constructed best in a social context Teaching and Learning with Technology Allyn and Bacon 2005 Learning Theories Cognitive Styles Manner in which one thinks and interprets

the environment Myers-Briggs helps determine cognitive preferences Understanding cognitive styles helps teachers create supportive environments Teaching and Learning with Technology Allyn and Bacon 2005 Learning Theories Myers-Briggs Cognitive Types

Teaching and Learning with Technology Allyn and Bacon 2005 Learning Theories Learning Styles Conditions under which one learns best

Relates to individual sensory dominance Auditory learners learn best by listening Visual learners learn best by seeing Kinesthetic/Tactile learners learn best by doing and touching Teaching and Learning with Technology Allyn and Bacon 2005 The Learner Intelligence Inherent capabilities to learn and understand

Standford-Binet tests emphasize logical/mathematical and verbal capabilities Howard Gardners Theory of Multiple Intelligences emphasizes multiple capabilities Teaching and Learning with Technology Allyn and Bacon 2005 The Learner Multiple Intelligences Verbal-Linguistic MathematicalLogical

Visual-Spatial Bodily-Kinesthetic Teaching and Learning with Technology Interpersonal Intrapersonal Naturalistic

Existential Musical Allyn and Bacon 2005 The Learner Multiple Intelligences Teaching and Learning with Technology Allyn and Bacon 2005

Teaching and Learning Teaching = a systematic, planned sequence of events A process that communicates ideas/skills Takes into account individual and environmental factors Aware of learning theories & learner characteristics Teaching and Learning with Technology Allyn and Bacon 2005 Teaching and Learning

Technology: a component of the teaching/learning process Educational technology includes resources that facilitate teaching/learning This view of technology has evolved Its consistent with evolution of learning theories Teaching and Learning with Technology Allyn and Bacon 2005 Teaching and Learning Teaching and learning work together

Holistic planning is the key to effective learning Educational technologies selected after planning completed to enhance instruction Teaching and Learning with Technology Allyn and Bacon 2005 Educational Technology An Historical Overview Began in the early 1900s with movies Slides, radio, sound recordings were

added in the 1920s-1930s Television drove audio-visuals in the 1950s Teaching and Learning with Technology Allyn and Bacon 2005 Educational Technology An Historical Overview 1960s: A-V expanded to a broader systems view 1970s: educational technology redefined and expanded further to include all technologies

1980s: educational technology entered the Digital Age Teaching and Learning with Technology Allyn and Bacon 2005 Educational Technology Today Holistic view All media and systems that support teaching/learning Teachers must

decide how to best utilize technology Teaching and Learning with Technology Allyn and Bacon 2005

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