THEMES

THEMES

THEMES Life Lessons Theme is NOT. Them Topic e Often confused for each other because they are related. Topic vs. Theme Theme Topic The subject that a story is about Can be summed up in 1 or 2 words Examples:

Love, Death, etc., The Message or Life Lessons the author wants the reader to learn Takes a complete sentence to state Examples: Love can overcome any obstacle Death is not always scary What is a theme?

Topic or Theme? e v a h l l a e W p n i w o Love r h u o s d s n h t

g e n i e n r o i r t t a r s Fo F Prepa r e t t e b s i e

r a s k n than luc Actio n a h t r e t a Che e r g ater s d r s ne o w ve p

rosp er Betrayal rgive ness We nee d t o take r c a r e e g o n t f e h

v ew Re o Topic Friendship Betrayal Revenge Love Forgiveness Theme We all have our We need to own strengths take care of Actions greater theare world

than words Cheaters never prosper Preparation is better than luck Finding the Theme Sometimes, the theme is DIRECTLY STATED by the author in the text. Otherwise you must INFER the theme using clues you find in the text. Does the author directly state the theme? What do the characters say?

Question s to ask Do the characters learn anything? Are there any recurring symbols or patterns of events? Example: The Swallow & the Crow The Swallow and the Crow had an argument one day about their plumage. Said the Swallow: "Just look at my bright and downy feathers. Your black stiff quills are not worth having. Why don't you dress better? Show a little pride!" "Your feathers may do very well in spring," replied the Crow, "butI don't remember ever having seen you around in winter, and that's when I enjoy myself most." Friends in fine weather only, are not worth much. - From Aesops Fables The Swallow & the Crow (continued)

What is this storys topic? Friendship What is this storys theme? Friends in fine weather only, are not worth much. How did you identify the theme? The author directly states it in the text. Interpret this lesson in your own words. The Road Less Traveled Written and Read by Robert Frost Two roads diverged in a yellow wood, And sorry I could not travel both And be one traveler, long I stood And looked down one as far as I could To where it bent in the undergrowth; Then took the other, as just as fair, And having perhaps the better claim, Because it was grassy and wanted wear; Though as for that the passing there Had worn them really about the same, And both that morning equally lay In leaves no step had trodden black. Oh, I kept the first for another day!

Yet knowing how way leads on to way, I doubted if I should ever come back. I shall be telling this with a sigh Somewhere ages and ages hence: Two roads diverged in a wood, and I I took the one less traveled by, And that has made all the difference. What is the theme? The Road Not Taken... Possible themes: Some decisions are impossible to make One decision can change your life It is impossible to know what the future will bring.

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