The Western Front: A "War of Attrition"

The Western Front: A "War of Attrition"


Germanys advance halted at the Battle of the Marne. Race to the Sea Four Years of Stalemate on the

western Front. A Multi-Front War The Western Front

Trench Warfare Trench Warfare No Mans Land

HORRORS OF TRENCH WARFARE HORRORS OF TRENCH WARFARE Dysentery- due to water problems Rats Blighty Wounds Capital Offense

Shell Shock Shell Attack Gas Attacks Trench Foot TRENCH FOOT

Many soldiers fighting in the First World War suffered from trench foot. This was an infection of the feet caused by cold, wet and insanitary conditions. In the trenches men stood for hours on end in waterlogged trenches without being able to remove wet socks or boots. The feet would gradually go numb and the skin would turn red or blue. If untreated, trench foot could turn gangrenous and result in amputation. Trench foot was a particular problem in the early stages of the war. For example,

during the winter of 1914-15 over 20,000 men in the British Army were treated for trench foot. The only remedy for trench foot was for the soldiers to dry their feet and change their socks several times a day. By the end of 1915 British soldiers in the trenches had to have three pairs of socks with them and were under orders to change their socks at least twice a day. As well as drying their feet, soldiers were told to cover their feet with a grease made from whale-oil. It has been estimated that a battalion at the front would use ten gallons of whale-oil every day.

IMPORTANT BATTLES BATTLE OF THE MARNE 1914 German Advancement through Belgium and Northern France, French Army rushed from Paris to Halt the Advances with the BEF. Germans were halted.

BATTLE OF THE MARNE 1918 Ludendorffs offensives helped reach the Marne again after four years they were where they started. Verdun February,

1916 e German offensive. e Each side had 500,000 casualties.

War Is HELL !! NO MANS LAND Krupps Big Bertha Gun

Sacrifices in War The Eastern Front

The Gallipoli Disaster, 1915 Turkish Cavalry in Palestine

T. E. Lawrence & the Arab Revolt, 1916-18 T. E. Lawrence & Prince

Faisal at Versailles, 191819 The Tsar with General Brusilov The

Colonial Fronts Sikh British Soldiers in India

Fighting in Africa British Sikh Mountain Gunners

Black Soldiers in the German Schutztruppen [German E. Africa]

Fighting in Africa rd British Battalion, Nigerian Brigade 3rd Fighting in Salonika,

Greece French colonial marine infantry from Cochin, China - 1916 America

Joins the Allies The Sinking of the Lusitania

The Zimmerman Telegram The Yanks Are

Coming! Americans in the Trenches The War of

the Industrial Revolution: New Technology

French Renault Tank British Tank at Ypres U-Boats

Allied Ships Sunk by UBoats The Airplane Squadron Over the Brenta

The Flying Aces of World War I Eddie Rickenbacher, US

Francesco Barraco, It. Eddie Mick Mannoch, Br.

Willy Coppens de Holthust, Belg. Rene Pauk Fonck, Fr.

Manfred von Richtoffen, Ger. [The Red Baron] Curtis-Martin

U. S. Aircraft Plant Looking for the Red Baron? The Zeppelin

Poison Gas Machine Gun

1918 Flu Pandemic: Depletes All Armies 50,000,000 100,000,000 died

11 a.m., November 11, 1918 The Armistice is Signed!

World War I Casualties 10,000,000 9,000,000 8,000,000 7,000,000

6,000,000 5,000,000 4,000,000 3,000,000 2,000,000 1,000,000

0 Russia Germany Austria-Hungary France

Great Britain Italy Turkey US The Somme American

Cemetary, France 116,516 Americans Died AIM: EFFECTS OF WWI

Germany paid reparations for other European countries League of Nations is Created Signing of the Treaty of Versailles Great Britain Recieves Germanys colonies in Africa The Rise of Fascism in Italy/ Nazism in Germany (LTE)

Austria-Hungary is split into several countries. Ottoman Empire falls Generation of Males (soldiers) is lost in the War Roaring 20s President Wilson Issues his Fourteen Points U.S.A returns to a policy of Isolationism

Germany is Blamed for the Entire War. The Treaty of Versailles is considered a Long Term Cause forWWII. Big Four Meet for A Flawed Peace

David Woodrow Lloyd WilsonGeorge-is wantsokFourteen with both

Points points Vittorio self-determination Orlando-is fine with either decision

Georges Clemenceau-Wants Germany to Pay Treaty of Versailles Signed on June 28th 1919 Adopted League of Nations- Wilsons 14th point,

international association whose goal would be to keep peace among strong nations (failure) Germany and Russia Excluded. Treaty also punished Germany Harshest punishment was Article 231 Created new nations

A peace built on Quicksand TOV- MAJOR PROVISIONS TERRITORIAL LOSSES Germany returns

Alsace-Lorraine to France, French border extended to west bank of Rhine River Germany surrenders all of its overseas colonies

in Africa and the Pacific MILITARY RESTRICTIONS Limits set on the size of the German army

Germany prohibited from importing or manufacturing weapons or war materials Germany forbidden to

build or buy submarines or have an air force (HITLER)

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