The Student Voice

The Student Voice

Implementing Inmate Education Programs ASCCC Curriculum Institute - 2019 Hyatt San Francisco Hotel 1333 Old Bayshore Highway Burlingame, California 94010 July 10 - 13, 2019 Silvester Henderson, ASCCC At-Large Representative Peter Fulks, Associate Professor,Cerro Coso College Alec Griffin, Associate Professor, Cerro College Trevor Albertson, Dean, Lassen College Raul Arambula, Dean, CCCCO Senate Bill 1391: Apportionment for CA Community Colleges in Prison $1 invested in prison education = $5 saved in future prison costs in CA (RAND Report) SB1391 Signed into Law September 2014 o Compensates Community Colleges for faceto-face education. Creates equity to traditional low income tuition assistance o State-level policies are allowing incarcerated individuals to become fulltime college students o Driving purpose is to reduce recidivism rates in CA San Quentin Prison

Nationwide Incarcerated Population 2,200,000 INCARCERATED NATIONALLY 700,000 RELEASED YEARLY FROM PRISON 68% RETURN TO PRISON IN 3 YEARS *numbers are approximate for incarcerated populations and budgets based on recent national reports 83% RETURN TO PRISON IN 9 YEARS *Bureau of Justice Statistics most recent report 5/2018 California Prison Spending

$12 BILLION = SPENT $75,000/YEAR ON 140,000 PEOPLE IN CA California Higher Ed Spending *CAs Legislative Analyst Office, budget and populations rounded PRISON 2017-18 $16 BILLION = $5,600/YEAR SPENT ON 2.8 MILLION STUDENTS IN CA PUBLIC HIGHER EDUCATION Measuring the Impact of Education in our Incarcerated Population Why is it important to establish a team of Equity Focused

Educators? Faculty members are committed to improving academic services delivered to students who are inmates. Equity Focused Faculty regularly to share their teaching approaches and they learn from each other. This improves Instruction. Faculty members build on the collective knowledge and real world experiences of each other. Communicate clear effective method to support widespread teaching strategies. Promotes teaching from a Cuturally Sustained approached. Lassen College & Cerro Coso Prison Programs: Six Major Professional Goals* 1. Foundational Knowledge and Skills: Faculty and staff have an understanding of and ability to address the impact of trauma and resilience on a students academic performance. 2. Workforce Wellness, Success and Satisfaction: Faculty and staff have an understanding of and the ability to address sources of work related stressors that raises the risk for experiencing compassion fatigue, vicarious trauma and/or burnout. 3. Trauma informed and resiliency supporting educational practices: Faculty and staff

have an understanding of and ability to design teaching approaches that are less likely to exacerbated trauma related reactions and more likely to support and build on student strengths. The McSilver Institute for Poverty Policy and Research at New York University Silver School of Social Work* Lassen College & Cerro Coso Prison Programs: Six Major Professional Goals* 4. Physically and Emotionally Safe and Trusting Educational Environments: Faculty and staff have an understanding of and ability to design the physical environment and to establish relationships with each other and with students that are supports academic success. 5. Student Involvement: Faculty and staff have the knowledge and strategies to offer students an opportunity to provide feedback related to their experience of the educational program including suggestions for improvements that are practical, meaningful and aligned with institutional policies. 6. Human Resources: The college has a set of procedures designed to inform, recruit and select faculty and staff who are emotionally suited to work with incarcerated students. The McSilver Institute for Poverty Policy and Research at New York University Silver School of Social Work* Lassen College Lassen College: High Desert State Prison (HDSP) California Correctional Centers (CCC) 30 State Prison, 3 Federal Prisons,

and Lassen County Adult Detention Facility (distance correspondence) Programs: Associate of Science Transfer: Business Administration Certificate in Entrepreneurship Distance Correspondence: Associate in Social Science Cerro Cosos Face to Face Prison Ed California City Correctional Facility Warden: George Jaime Level 2 ~2,500 population 496 Students California Correctional Institute Tehachapi Warden: William Joe Sullivan Level 1-4 on 5 yards ~4,300 population 741 Students Guided Pathway

Implementation California City Correctional Facility New! Associates Degree for Transfer Administration of Justice Anthropology Business Administration English Psychology California Correctional Institute - Tehachapi New! Associates Degree for Transfer Administration of Justice Anthropology Psychology AA/AS with IGETC Pathway on all Facilities Liberal Arts and Sciences Humanities Liberal Arts Behavioral Sciences Headcount Overview: 1300+ Cumulative Total Students Served Since 2015 Annual Unduplicated Headcount Comparison Incarcerated Student Unduplicated Headcount by Primary Terms 2015 - 2019 830

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 870 631 665 2017-18 881 487 333 145 20 79 Fall 15 Spring 16 Fall 16 Spring 17 Fall 17 Spring 18 Fall 18 Spring 19 870 2018-19

~300 1119 Overview - Enrollment Trends: Incarcerated Student Enrollment by Term 2015 - 2018 2459 1647 1773 17% OF ENROLLMENT AT CERRO COSO WAS INCARCERATED IN ACADEMIC YEAR 2018-19 885 536 20 126 281

Fall 15 Spring 16 Fall 16 Spring 17 Fall 17 Spring 18 Fall 18 Spring 19 S17-S18: 207% change S18-S19: 49% change 13 Demographics Race/Ethnicity Incarcerated Student Population (vs. College-wide Comparison) | FALL 2018 39.5 White 20.9 (Incarcerated) 6.2 Unknown/ Other 17.0 42.2

Hispanic or Latino 33.1 6.3 African American 22.9 4.2 Asian and Pacific Islander Native American (College-wide) 3.9 1.6 2.3 14 Demographics Age Groups Incarcerated Student Population vs. College-wide |

FALL 2018 Average Age for Incarcerated Student is 15 Years Older 36.7 40 and ... 17 (College-wide) 35.7 3 20.2 17.7 2 18.3 8.9 2

19 and you... (Incarcerated) 29.1 0.7 15.3 15 Shared Governance: ISEP Standing Committee o o o Academic Senate Resolution to address institutional inequities with prison education program and unique programmatic needs Accepted by College Council and established as standing committee that addresses Administrative, Faculty and Student concerns and

innovations for incarcerated students Charge is to innovate and recommend policy to the Board and develop procedures and best practices for Californias Community Colleges serving prison populations o o o o o o o o o o o Vice President, Instruction (administrator) Director of East Kern (administrator) Manager of Prison Education (administrator) Administrator from Student Services Faculty from Letters and Sciences with

experience teaching in the prison Faculty from Career Technical Educational with experience teaching in the prison Faculty with no experience teaching in the prison Faculty counselor Faculty Librarian Classified staff members, one representing admissions and records and one representing ACCESS Student (x2), one formerly incarcerated Traditional Enrollments (n=14,054) 81% 81% 84% 60% 85% 70% 86% 68%

89% Incarcerated Enrollments (n=3,960) 73% 73% 61% 78% 97% 59% 74% 87% 80% 73% 55% 63%

84% 66% 85% 78% 78% 61% 69% 45% 81% 68% 87% 64% 69% 65% 70% 58%

70% 49% 76% 73% 79% 75% 64% 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 86%

Cerro Coso Success Rate Comparison By Course Open Educational Resources as Program Tool Fall 2018 Spring 2019 Continuing the Research and Taking Action o Continue to examine the metrics (i.e. ERS and other indicators, such as unit load [in handout now], GPAs, coursetaking patterns, etc.) o Design and implement a mixedmethods study based-on Grounded Theory Approach o Faculty Needs Assessment Survey (Fall-2018) Post PD evaluation

Observational Studies Key Informant Interviews/ Focus Groups Student Participatory Research o o o o rd Faculty online Professional Development and resource portal created as outcome of needs assessment. Call to Action If not us, then who? If not now, then when? -John Lewis (former freedom fighter) Questions & Comments Please feel free to contact each of us for more information:

Silvester Henderson, ASCCC At-Large Representative [email protected] Trevor Albertson, Dean, Lassen College [email protected] Peter Fulks, Associate Professor, Cerro Coso College [email protected] Alec Griffin, Associate Professor, Cerro Coso College [email protected] Raul Arambula, Dean, CCCCO [email protected] THANK YOU FOR COMING

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