The Persuasive Speech

The Persuasive Speech

PRESENTING AN ARGUMENT IN A SPEECH Words create ripples, and ripples can come together to make waves. Michael Osborn What will I accomplish? 1. You will act as an advocate for a cause or point of view. 2. You will use supporting materials as evidence that justified advice. 3. You will persuade your listeners. 4. You will ask the audience for a commitment to a cause/point of view. 5. You will establish character and credibility

through speaking and leadership. Types of Evidence to use in Argumentative Speeches: Facts, figures, statistics Use examples from real life-draw from your own experience Use Expert Testimony/Witnessesparents, teachers, friends, coaches, etc. Construct an Argument

Aristotle believed there were three forms of proof: Pathos: appeals to personal feelings such as fear, pity, and anger Ethos: audiences respond to the speakers competence, character, goodwill, and dynamism

and the credibility of the evidence Logos: appeals to reason (logical arguments) Scholars today believe that there is one final element to the proof: Mythos: appeals to the traditions and values of your culture, legends, and folktales Why are these important to draw your audience in? ethos, pathos, logos

Logos: The heart of an argument Reason from a principle that you believe everyone in your audience accepts (such as Freedom of Speech) Reason from reality using statistics, comparisons, and even scientific data (Science is a god-term---a key word to give your data credibility)

Which element is used in this example? The American flag stands for more than our power and our interests. Our founders dedicated this country to the cause of human dignity, the rights of every person and the possibilities of every life. This conviction leads us into the world to help the afflicted, and defend the peace, and confound the designs of evil men. President George W. Bush, State of the Union address 2003 Constructing an Argument

Create an Awareness of the problem/issue First, make sure that the audience knows that the issue exists Make a case for the problem/issue is an important one that needs to be fixed/addressed

(if it is a less serious topic such as cat vs. dog, you can still present the topic Constructing an Argument Create an understanding of the issue/problem Use data and statistics to illustrate the problem/issue Use testimony, stories, examples to connect with your audience (Logos, Pathos, Ethos, Mythos) You can also respectfully address the other side of the issue/problem

Constructing an Argument Offer a solution/plan/action that would address the issue or solve the problem: If you have offered a valid argument, the audience may accept your position and be ready to act. Have a valid plan that is logical

Constructing an Argument Enactment: Get them to act on what you say or the argument you presented Have them sign a petition, raise their hands, voice agreement, write letters to politicians, etc. Very Controversial Topics/ Difficult audiences: Set modest goals (you may

not change anyones mind), such as asking only for a fair hearing from the audience. Give a multi-sided presentation Acknowledge the arguments on the other side Show respect at all times for the

Example of Multi-Sided: I know that many of you may not like to hear what Im saying, but think about it. If zoos truly helped animals, why are so many animals distressed and unable to thrive in the conditions of the park? I know that we, as Floridians, enjoy parks such as Sea World, Busch Gardens, Animal Kingdom, and the Central Florida Zoo. These parks help to rehabilitate sick animals, and we can learn a lot. But, is the fleeting enjoyment of seeing an exotic animal behind a glass or cage worth stealing the animals rights and taking them out of their natural habitat? Presenting an Argument Speech

You are going to be delivering a persuasive speech to the class. The speech will be on a topic that you choose. Your topic will address a specific problem

about an important issue in our society today. You will create a claim, or stance, on the topic to prove the problem needs to be solved. You will offer possible solutions to the How can I be successful? (pg. 247)

Create an engaging introduction that clearly establishes the claim being made. Support the claim with clear reasons and relevant evidence from a variety of credible sources (2-3). Establish and maintain a formal style. Use language that effectively conveys ideas and adds interest. Include a conclusion that follows the argument presented and leaves a lasting

Step 1 Choose a TOPIC. The topic should be something that you have some background knowledge on. It should be something that you are interested in learning more about. The topic should be something that is important to you and your heart.

Step 2 Construct your Argument Create awareness about your topic by giving background knowledge on the subject Create understanding about your topic through research and statistics

Use testimony, stories, examples to connect with your audience (Logos, Pathos, Ethos, Mythos) Step 3 Counterargument Here you will strengthen your claim by stating the counterclaim, or opposing side

of the argument. You will give reasons why the counterclaim is not as strong as your claim Be sure to respectfully address the counterclaim, as some people may not agree with your side of the argument Step 4 Conclude your Speech In your conclusion, you will offer possible solutions to the problem. How can people help?

Make sure you use language that leaves a lasting impression. Extra Credit? Have people sign a petition. Create a poster of awareness to hang. Write a poem or song lyrics about your issue. How can I be successful when delivering my speech? Tips for Public Speaking What if I get nervous?

Public Speaking Anxiety

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