The Ming and Qing Dynasties - White Plains Middle School

The Ming and Qing Dynasties - White Plains Middle School

The Ming and Qing Dynasties In this lesson, students will be able to define the following terms: Ming Dynasty Forbidden City Zheng Ho Manchus

Qing Dynasty E. Napp During the Ming Dynasty, China enjoyed nearly three hundred years of stability and prosperity.

E. Napp Ming China The Mings ruled China from 1368-1644. The Mings restored Chinese rule to the Chinese. The Mings replaced the Mongol rulers.

Chinese art and literature flourished. E. Napp Ming rulers constructed a magnificent Imperial Palace in Beijing. E. Napp

The Forbidden City Ming rulers constructed a magnificent Imperial Palace in Beijing. This Imperial Palace was called the Forbidden City. It was the home of all later Chinese emperors.

E. Napp During the Ming Dynasty, Zheng Ho traveled to India and even Arabia. E. Napp Zheng Ho

Early Ming rulers sponsored great naval expeditions. Zheng Ho was an admiral of the Chinese navy. He even traveled to India and Arabia. E. Napp

Compare Zheng Hos ship to Columbus ship. E. Napp Chinese Ethnocentrism However, the Chinese looked down upon Europeans as barbarians, lacking the

civilized ways of the Middle Kingdom. This ethnocentric attitude eventually led to a policy of isolationism. Due to ethnocentrism, Chinese emperors eventually halted naval expeditions. E. Napp

Eventually, the Manchus invaded China and overthrew the Ming dynasty. E. Napp The Decline of the Mings Population pressure led to peasant uprisings.

Many Chinese felt the Mings had lost the Mandate of Heaven. In 1644, the Manchus invaded and conquered China. E. Napp The Manchu dynasty was known as the

Qing dynasty. It lasted from 1644-1911. E. Napp Initially, the Manchus brought peace to China. They built new roads and cleared additional land for farming but European technology began to surpass China.

E. Napp Questions for Reflection: What were some of the accomplishments of the Ming rulers? Why did Ming rulers build the Forbidden City?

Who was Zheng Ho and why were his voyages eventually stopped? Who were the Manchus and what did they do? E. Napp

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