The Importance of Watershed Modeling for Conservation Policy ...

The Importance of Watershed Modeling for Conservation Policy ...

The Importance of Watershed Modeling for Conservation Policy Or What is an Economist Doing at a SWAT Workshop? Watershed Models Critical for Conservation Policy Analysis Conservation policies need to be cost-effective Targeting, watershed trading, put practices on sites that achieve greatest gain for the cost Policy Assessment

Section 305(b) of the Clean Water Act requires states to prepare estimates of the environmental, economic and social costs and benefits needed to achieve the objectives of the CWA and an estimate of the date of such achievement. Iowa: Non-point Source Needs Assessment CARD is working with DNR to provide such an estimate; how? Combining simple economic models of costs with SWAT Steps: Non-point Source Needs Assessment

Establish baseline, calibrate SWAT Scenarios: 1. 2. 3. Identify set of conservation practices in each watershed, compute cost of those practices Predict flow and water quality (sediment and nutrients) under this set of practices Does it meet goal (need)? If no, repeat with more extensive conservation practices; if yes, write final report. Other Applications Nutrient Standard in Iowa

Detailed watershed studies Improved SWAT capabilities (buffers!) Finer spatial scale (NRI level) Better cost information Walnut Creek Sny Magill South Fork Upper Mississippi River Basin Hypoxia

The USDA Conservation Effects Assessment Project (CEAP) Components and Reporting Scales National assessment of conservation benefits led by NRCS supported by ARS hydrologic modeling Watershed assessment studies (WAS) jointly led by ARS and NRCS to provide more detailed information on conservation effects in benchmark watersheds. ARS 12 Benchmark Watershed Assessment Studies (WAS) 2003-2007 Town Brook S. Fork Iowa River Walnut Creek Mark Twain Reservoir St Joseph River U. Big Walnut Creek

U. Washita River Yalobusha River Beasley Lake U. Leon River Goodwin Creek Little River Objectives of WAS Implement a system to compile and manage water, soil, management and economics data. Measure water quality, water quantity, soil and ecosystem effects of conservation practices. Calibrate watershed models and quantify uncertainties of model predictions. Develop and apply planning tools for selection and placement of conservation practices. Develop and verify regional watershed models to quantify environmental effects. Water Quality Measures

Nitrogen (nitrate, total, organic) Phosphorus (total, dissolved, available) Sediment (concentration, particle size -suspended, bed) Pathogens (E. Coli) Pesticides Annual, event, and seasonal loads Temperature Conservation Practice Categories Emphasized nutrient management pest management conservation buffers

tillage management manure management drainage management channel management Land Conversion Conservation Practices t

el ge s e n r r n a e e u ff n t ri an st ain u a u h e

r B N P M C D S. Fork Iowa River, IA Walnut Creek, IA Mark Twain Reservoir, MO Upper Washita River, OK Goodwin Creek, MS Yalobusha River, MS Beasley Lake, MS Leon River, TX Little River, GA Town Brook, NY St Joseph River, IN Upper Big Walnut Creek, OH ion s

d e an ver g lla L on i C T Watershed Assessment Questions What are the measurable effects of CPs on environmental indicators at the watershed scale? How does the location of CPs affect environmental indicators? What is the appropriate time scale to expect changes in environmental effects?

What are the environmental effects of multiple CPs. (+, -, *, ?) What are the optimal combinations and location of CPs to achieve environmental goals? What are the risks and uncertainties associated with achieving these environmental effects? What social and economic factors facilitate or impede implementation of CPs within watersheds? SWAT Applications for Climate Change Variability of streamflow, sediment, and

nutrient transport under current climate variability Changes of streamflow, sediment, and nutrient transport in future scenarios of climate change Attribution of current streamflow variability to anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions Climate Data Resources Observed climate Reanalyzed climate (1979 - present) Future scenario climates at regional scale [(4 GCMs/current+4GCMs/future)x5 RCMs = 40 future scenario climates] Pre-industrial climate at regional scales Questions to be Answered Will conservation practices implemented today

be appropriately designed for future climates? Can we design a fully integrated modeling framework that couples policy options and resulting management choices together with climate scenarios and hydrological consequences to develop science-based options for promoting profitable but sustainable use of land and water resources. GCM OBS NNR RCM Climate Over UMRB

Crop Model Crop Yield Soil Drainage Land-use SWAT Management Choices Economic Model OBS Stream flow Soil

Carbon Crop Production Water Quality Evaluate Sustainability and Profitability Incentives Public Policy

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Chemistry 51, Organic 1 Prerequisite: Chemistry 2 Grading

    Chemistry 51, Organic 1 Prerequisite: Chemistry 2 Grading

    Three models for bonding: ionic, valence bond, molecular orbitals. Ionic Bonding Requires very different electronegativities to make the complete transfer of electrons worthwhile. ... Calculated and (b) cartoon representations showing an arbitrary boundary surface containing about 95% of the ...
  • Salmon Life History - Weebly

    Salmon Life History - Weebly

    The newly-emerged salmon (called alevins) have a food sac attached to them when they are born. When the food sac is used up, the salmon fry emerges from the nest and must find food (like insects) As the fry matures,...
  • Chapter 8 Interactive Multimedia Authoring with Flash: Animation

    Chapter 8 Interactive Multimedia Authoring with Flash: Animation

    QuickTime (MOV), AVI, MP4. ... Export the Project . Web playback. HTML 5 canvas format . directly playable in web browser. SWF file . playable in web browser that includes the flash player. Smaller size than stand-alone. Windows, Mac OS,...
  • DTV2001: Services, adoption, investment and policy issues arising

    DTV2001: Services, adoption, investment and policy issues arising

    DTV2001: Services, adoption, investment and policy issues arising from the first year of digital television in Australia Joanne Jacobs Monash University
  • Diapositive 1 - MS-Digital Innovation in Marketing

    Diapositive 1 - MS-Digital Innovation in Marketing

    Decision Brief Question: What does Carnival Cruise Lines do to stabilize the brand position, maintain brand equity, in addition to stabilizing topline revenue in light of the current and significant multiple ship challenges? What can be done to keep current...
  • Travelling by plane Munich Airport, parking zone Drive-up

    Travelling by plane Munich Airport, parking zone Drive-up

    Travelling by plane Travelling by plane Munich Airport, parking zone Drive-up bay Skywalk Luggage trolleys Bus stop Terminal entrance Taxi bay Check-in desks Check-in Check-in monitors Luggage weigher and sorting belt Check-in desk Information terminal JFK Airport Passport control Munich...
  • Algebra 11.3.16

    Algebra 11.3.16

    Polynomial Infographic. Your team will research the following topics and create an infographic using . padlet. #1 person-Go to Padlet, create an account, make a
  • Foreign Travel Update DOE Order 551.1D Request for

    Foreign Travel Update DOE Order 551.1D Request for

    DOE Order 551.1D. Request for country clearance should be submitted as soon as possible to receive appropriate and timely clearance to enter country (Section 4c.2) Dept. of State requires that personnel embarking on foreign travel for 30 consecutive (business) days...