The Great Chain of Being - De Anza College

The Great Chain of Being - De Anza College

COMEDY TECHNIQUES, SOCIAL FUNCTION, AND THE GREAT CHAIN OF BEING TYPES OF COMEDY (OFTEN COMBINED) Slapstick: Slapstick humor is a boisterous form of comedy with chases, collisions and practical jokes where people just do silly things such as tripping, falling over or embarrassing themselves just to make people laugh. Farce: A comedy characterized by broad satire and improbable situations is termed as farce. A farce is a comedy style, which aims to entertain the audience by means of unlikely, improbable and extravagant situations, disguise and mistaken identity, verbal humor of varying degrees of sophistication. It can include sexual innuendo and word play, or a fast-paced plot whose speed usually increases, culminating in an ending that often involves an

elaborate chase scene. Farce is also characterized by physical humor and the use of deliberate absurdity or nonsense. Parody: A parody is a work created to mock, comment on, or poke fun at an original work, its subject, or author, by means of humorous or satiric imitation. This imitation may exaggerate or misrepresent somebody's style in a humorous way. TECHNIQUES THAT COULD APPEAR IN MANY COMEDY GENRES Dramatic Irony: Dramatic irony is the incongruity between what the audience knows and what the character(s) knows. Audience members know that Oedipus is Jocastas son, so they are tormented with the irony when he marries her, fulfilling the prophesy his parents worked so hard to escape. When we

watch Twelfth Night, we know that Cesario is Viola, so when Olivia woos her, the audience is tormented and titillated. Satire: Satire is a branch of comedy, which makes use of witty language to convey insults or scorn. In satire, human or individual vices, follies, abuses, or shortcomings are held up to reprimand by means of ridicule, burlesque, derision, irony, or other methods. Although satire is usually meant to be funny, the purpose of satire is not primarily humor, but an attack on something or some subject the author strongly disapproves of. Gallows Humor: Gallows humor is a type of humor which arises from traumatic or life-threatening situations such as wartime events, mass murder, hostilities or in other situations where death is impending and unavoidable. This genre is similar to black comedy but, the only difference is that the comedy is created by the victim. There are others, but thats a good start.

PLACES, EVERYONE! Elizabethans believed that God set out an order for everything in the universe. This was known as the Great Chain of Being. On Earth, God created a social order for everybody and chose where you belonged.

FROM GOD AND ANGELS TO TREES AND ROCKS The Great Chain of Being includes everything from God and the angels at the top, to humans, to animals, to plants, to rocks and minerals at the bottom. It moves from beings of pure spirit at the top of the Chain to things made entirely of matter at the bottom. Humans are in the middle, being mostly mortal, or made of matter, but with a soul made of spirit. You were a noble, or a farmer, or a beggar, (or a woman) because that was the place God had ordained for you. Thus, a person who challenged their place defied God and the natural order. This science was real handy for preventing challenges to the divine right of kings

MIDSUMMER NIGHTS DREAM Because of this powerful belief, disruptions of the natural order of things would be very exciting and extra funny to Elizabethans. An important social function of Comedy is to allow a release of disruptive energy, to set free the repressed desires, resentments, longings and fears in the audience. Where is this hierarchy overturned in the play and by whom? Hermia? Titania & Bottom? The working men in costume? Puck? What fantasies are fulfilled, for whom? Are there consequences for the creatures/humans who cross the boundaries? Why/why not?

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • PANDAS and FAMILY QUALITY OF LIFE:

    PANDAS and FAMILY QUALITY OF LIFE:

    OBJECTIVES. Participants will recognize signs and symptoms of PANDAS, and articulate the effect on quality of life of the family. Participants will articulate how PANDAS symptoms impact the child's occupational performance at home and at school, and discuss effective interventions
  • Kant's Categorical Imperative - Routledge

    Kant's Categorical Imperative - Routledge

    Kant's Categorical Imperative Morality is meant to guide our actions. We act on maxims: principle of action, what we intend. Morality is universal, the same for everyone. so "Act only on that maxim through which you can at the same...
  • I often wondered whether any of the others

    I often wondered whether any of the others

    Shooting an Elephant. Shooting an Elephant first appeared in 1936 in the autumn issue of New Writing, published twice a year in London from 1936 to 1946.. Setting - Burma (present-day Myanmar) in the 1920s, when the country was a...
  • Local Descent - Stanford University

    Local Descent - Stanford University

    Performing regression on noisy data can result in models that capture noise in addition to the underlying function. Preference for smoothness can be encoded in the regression problem by adding a regularization term to the objective function. where ?≥0 is...
  • Virtual Private Network

    Virtual Private Network

    Virtual Private Networks ... Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP),Layer 2 Forwarding protocol (L2F), Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol (L2TP). VPN Tunneling Protocols Layer 3 tunneling protocols A layer 3 frame is placed into the payload of a protocol data unit(PDU) from some...
  • Theatrical Genres - Houston Community College

    Theatrical Genres - Houston Community College

    This is not merely intermingling comedy and tragedy scenes but rather where one eye looks at a situation with a comic touch and the other with a tragic viewpoint, like food which is "sweet and sour" together into one unique...
  • STAR interview questions and answers library - my career ...

    STAR interview questions and answers library - my career ...

    Behaviour based question. Situation. Task. Action. Result. Use this library to collect examples and practice saying them outloud.. Tell me about a time when . . Give me an example of . . .
  • Geography Terms - Morgan Park High School

    Geography Terms - Morgan Park High School

    The End * * Canyon A deep, narrow valley with steep sides; often has a stream flowing through it. Bay A part of a sea or ocean that extends into land. Isthmus A narrow strip of land that connects two...