The Effective Reader Fact and Opinion 2004 2004 Pearson Pearson Education Education Inc.,Inc., publishing publishing as Longman as Longman Publishers Publishers Facts
Facts are statements that can be proven. Facts may be true or false. But facts can be proven. Examples 1. Statistically, women live longer than men. 2. Most buses weigh more than most cars. 2004 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers Opinions Opinions are statements that cannot be proven. Opinions can be argued. Opinions may be supported with facts. Opinions cannot be proven. Examples 1.
Golf is boring. 2. Pizza is delicious. 3. Math is the subject. 2004hardest Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers Facts and Opinions Fact Objective
States reality Can be verified Presented with unbiased words Spinach is a form of iron. Opinion Subjective Interprets reality Can NOT be verified Presented with value words Spinach tastes awful. 2004 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers
Biased Words Look for biased words. They express opinions, value judgments and interpretations and are often loaded with emotion. awful amazing favorite frightful better best fun horrible bad beautiful
miserable never believe disgusting probably think exciting smart Note: A sentence can include both facts and opinions. 2004 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers Fact or Opinion?
__A spinning class is a group exercise program of about 45 minutes riding on a stationary bike. __A spinning class is a form of torture. 2004 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers Example: The great grasslands of the West should not have been removed for crops. Explanation: The grasslands were removed, but whether or not they should not have been is a matter of opinion. 2004 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers
Note Qualifiers to Identify Opinions Beware of false facts, or statements presented as facts that are actually untrue. A qualifier may express an absolute, unwavering opinion using words like always or never. Exercise is the only sure way to lose weight. Only is a qualifier and makes this statement an opinion. 2004 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers Evaluate the Context of the Passage Is each statement a fact, opinion, or fact/opinion both? 1. Alexander the Great was one of the greatest military leaders in world history.
2. He was born in Pella, Macedonia. 3. The exact date of his birth was probably July 20 or 26, 356 B.C. 4. Shortly before his 33rd birthday, Alexander the Great died. 5. The cause of his death remains unknown. 2004 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers Evaluate the Context of the Passage 1. F/O His name and title are factual, but the value word greatest is an opinion. 2. F This statement can be verified in historical
records. 3. O The word probably makes this a statement of opinion. 4. F This statement can be checked and verified as true. 5. F This is a factual statement that something isnt known. Is each
statement a fact, opinion, or fact/opinion both? 2004 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers Evaluate the Context of the Source Examples of good factual sources: Medical dictionary English handbook World Atlas 2004 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers Review A fact is a specific detail that is true
based on proof. An opinion is an interpretation, judgment, or belief that cannot be proved nor disproved. 2004 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers
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