The Central Place System in the Northwest Atlas - p. 127-139: Maps & text Consumer-oriented services & industry locally oriented manufacturing construction transportation/communications/utilities retail & wholesale trade finance, insurance, & real estate personal services local government Distribution of Central Place Functions Retail - p. 137 atlas Eating & Drinking - p. 137 atlas Hotels & Lodging, p. 137 atlas Health Services, p. 137 atlas (map) Wholesale Trade, p. 137-8 atlas (map) (Producer Services) p. 137 atlas Other services (consumer, government)
Logic of Central Place System: Its Linkage with Basic Industry Basic Industry = Export Tied Industry Nonbasic = locally tied industry What is basic at one level of the central place system is often nonbasic at Higher levels Backward linkages play a role in the relationship between the level of export/basic jobs and nonbasic/local jobs Early Settlement Water
Coastal Agricultural Interior Basic jobs Direct Jobs Indirect jobs Early Settlement - First Hierarchy Water
Coastal Agricultural Interior Basic jobs Direct Jobs Indirect jobs
Settlement - The Hierarchy in Modern Times Water Coastal Agricultural Interior
Basic jobs Direct Jobs Indirect jobs Settlement - The Hierarchy in Coming Years? Water Coastal
Agricultural Interior Basic jobs Direct Jobs Indirect jobs New Economy
Source: Preston, The Structure of Central Place Systems Market Areas Perceived By Rural County Commissioners Source, Preston, Source: Preston, The Structure of Central Place Systems From Vision 2040, the current Puget Sound Regional Council regional development plan Economic Base & The Settlement System Exports
The Region Imports Local Multiplier Effects Washington Input-Output Table ($ billions) Net industrial exports are roughly offset by imports to industries and categories of final demand (households, investment, state & local govt.) Natural Resources Manufacturing & Construction Services Subtotal Labor Income Other Value Added Imports Total Purchases Natural Resources
277.6 1206.3 Imports to Consumption, Investment, Government 68.2 Industrial Exports Generalized Model of Trade From/To Basic Non-Basic I mports Total Basic 0 16.5 16.5 33 Non-Basic
0 50 16.5 67 Export 33 0 X (33) Total 33 67 (33) 100 Dividing up the columns in this model, we have: Basic Non-Basic Import
Basic 0 .5 .5 Non-Basic 0 .75 .25 Consequences of A Change in Export Levels Through the Multiplier System Round 1 Round 2 Round 3 Round 4 Round 5 And so on
B-NB NB-NB NB-NB NB-NB NB-NB Convergence of the sum .5(1) = .75*.5 .75*.375 .75*.28 .75*.21 .5 .375 .28 .21 .16 Total
2.0 Shifts in the Structure of This System of Multipliers over Time Local purchases expand as thresholds are crossed Continued specialization offsets threshold effects Upshot: relative stability Shift to a larger service economy Spatial shifts due to lowered transport and interaction costs Export Markets Washington State Source: Washington State Input-Output Tables Composition of Washington Exports Source: Washington State Input-Output Tables
Old Slide after this one Left in PowerPoint file for those interested in history Washington I/O Table ($ billions) Net industrial exports are roughly offset by imports to industries and categories of final demand (households, investment, and state and local governments) Natural Resources Manufacturing & Construction Services Subtotal Labor Income Other Value Added Imports Total Purchases Natural Manufacturing Resources & Construction
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