S.T.I.N.K.Y. U Session 4: Things In You & On You 2008-2011 Nationwide Childrens Hospital Classification Scientists sort things by the characteristics they have in common. Why? Well, why do YOU sort things? to keep them organized.so
you can find them. organized Scientists do the same thing: this organizes them and makes them easier to study! 2008-2011 Nationwide Childrens Hospital Scientific Classification: 1 = most general to 7 = most specific For example, clothes arent a real scientific Kingdom, but if they were, you might sort them something like this
1. Kingdom 2. Phylum 3. Class 4. Order 5. Family 6. Genus 7. Species Clothes re o
m o! d n ug Footwear a r e s yo o M ca Underclothes ecifi sp
Socks Athletic Socks Low Rise Athletic Socks YBrand 100% Cotton Crew Low Rise Athletic Socks 2008-2011 Nationwide Childrens Hospital TRY THIS! Say the list aloud three times in a row .now youre singing the Classification Conga! Kingdom Phylum
Class Order Family Genus Species! Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Species! Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species! 2008-2011 Nationwide Childrens Hospital Kingdoms: at the Top!
Living things are classified into 6 Kingdoms, or main groups. The first two are Archaebacteria (an unusual group mostly found in really hot places where nothing much else can really live, like volcanoes and hot springs) and Eubacteria (which includes most of today's bacteria). In this session we are only going to talk more about these four: Animals Protists Plants
Fungi 2008-2011 Nationwide Childrens Hospital Animals They are generally multicellular (they have many cells) meaning they can usually be seen without a microscope. Animals are capable of locomotion (moving themselves from place to place).
Animals are responsive to their environment, and get food (energy and nutrients) by eating other organisms (they are called heterotrophic). http://en.wikipedia.org 2008-2011 Nationwide Childrens Hospital http:// http:// www.exzooberance.com/animal%20pictures/free%20animal%20pictures/f
2008-2011 Nationwide Childrens Hospital Sea Anemone looks like a plant but its an animal with feet not roots that keep it attached to the rock. It actually eats fish and other seafood! http://www.copyright-free-pictures.org.uk/tropical-marine-fish/61-sea-anemone.htm 2008-2011 Nationwide Childrens Hospital Plants Plants are non-locomotive (they cant move themselves from one place to another). They stay planted right where they are!
Plants are mostly autotrophs, that is, organisms make their own food. Most plants do this by a process called photosynthesis, which occurs inside the cells of plants. They get energy from sunlight and change it into energy they can use to grow and reproduce. While they get energy (calories) from the sun, most plants get nutrients from the air and soil. However, a few plants get nutrients from eating bugs! http://en.wikipedia.org 2008-2011 Nationwide Childrens Hospital
Some algae are microscopic but they are still in the plant kingdom! http://www.cepolina.com/freephoto/va/agave.green3-plant.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Green_alga 2008-2011 Nationwide Childrens Hospital Fungi
These organisms digest their food externally (outside their bodies) and absorb it into their cells. Along with bacteria, fungi are the primary decomposers (breaker-downers) of dead organic matter. Many fungi have important symbiotic relationships with other organisms (they depend on each other for life). http://en.wikipedia.org
A group of organisms, comprising those that are not animals, plants, or fungi. They often contain few, or only one cell and include tiny things like amoebas, bacteria and viruses. The protists do not even have much in common with each other besides that they are all relatively simple organisms. Some call the protists the "left-overs" from the other kingdoms. http://en.wikipedia.org 2008-2011 Nationwide Childrens Hospital
Under the microscope. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Chaos_diffluens.jpg 2008-2011 Nationwide Childrens Hospital http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Giardia_lamblia.jpg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Paramecium.jpg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Image:Euglena_viridis
%2C_Nordisk_familjebok.png http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Image:Diatoms_through_the_microscope.jpg 2008-2011 Nationwide Childrens Hospital Lets recap. 2008-2011 Nationwide Childrens Hospital What do you know?
Kingdoms Sicky Quicky Quiz 2008-2011 Nationwide Childrens Hospital Things can live ON you, or IN you! Fungus: Some fungus causes athletes foot. Fungus can also make your feet stink! Bacteria: Some bacteria live in your mouth and
eat the food that is left behind when you eat. This causes halitosis, or bad breath. So.it is important to brush, floss and see your dentist for healthy teeth and gums! 2008-2011 Nationwide Childrens Hospital Public Service Announcement Howard Tosis 2008-2011 Nationwide Childrens Hospital
Liz Taylor on Dandruff Dandruff is not a disease, but scientists arent quite sure why it happens! Scalp flakes (dead skin cells clumped together with scalp oils) could be due to hair products, diet, or even a fungus that feeds on your hair oils. Gross! 2008-2011 Nationwide Childrens Hospital Critters!
Demodex Folliculorum Eyelash Mites: If they didnt eat the oils around your eyelashes, you would get eyelash dandruff! They dont poop, though. Whew! Too many? Your eyelashes can fall out!
SYMBIOSIS Some living creatures depend on other living creatures to survive. (Think of the live bacteria we need in our colons!) 2008-2011 Nationwide Childrens Hospital More Critters! Head Lice Lice are little bugs that live in your hair. They are related
to spiders. Anyone can get lice. They need to be moved, so never share what touches your hair! Tell a grown up if you think you have lice. Tapeworms Tapeworms live in your intestines. You get them from eating raw meat or dirty food. They can grow up to 30 feet long! 2008-2011 Nationwide Childrens Hospital
Scratchy Scalp Salon With your host, Heddah Lice! 2008-2011 Nationwide Childrens Hospital What do you know? 100,000,000 Bacteria Bromodrosis Bacteria
2008-2011 Nationwide Childrens Hospital Pieces and Parts Other things that can live on you are viruses. Viruses can cause warts. Warts are contagious, meaning you can give them to other people, so make sure you wash your hands often to prevent sharing your warts! 2008-2011 Nationwide Childrens Hospital
What do you know? Anonymous Amphibian 2008-2011 Nationwide Childrens Hospital Pieces and Parts Pinkeye is something else that is contagious (you can give it to others) Pinkeye is caused by a bacteria, or a virus. You get pinkeye when someone who has it
spreads the germs to you. Always wash your hands. Pinkeye activity 2008-2011 Nationwide Childrens Hospital What do you know? Pinkeye Sicky Quicky Quiz 2008-2011 Nationwide Childrens Hospital
Bugs can spread disease. If you get bitten, make sure to tell an adult and keep the area clean. Howie Suckem Dry and Associates Public Service Announement 2008-2011 Nationwide Childrens Hospital A Closer Look Tapeworm Safari
2008-2011 Nationwide Childrens Hospital Spread of Disease
Contact with Infected People or Animals Bug Bites Undercooked Meat or Fish Dirty Water Unwashed Fruits or Vegetables Sneezes/Coughs (airborne) 2008-2011 Nationwide Childrens Hospital Public Service Announcement Under the Skin
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