Status of ITER

Status of ITER

Status of ITER 2nd RCM-FENDL-3 23rd March 2010 Michael Loughlin Office of Central Integration and Engineering ITER 2nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 1 ITER is the Next Step Toward a Solution based on Tokamaks 2nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 2 Four New Superconducting Tokamaks will Address Steady-State Advanced Tokamak Issues in Non-Burning Plasmas SST-1: R =1.1m, 0.22MA, 2008 EAST: R = 1.7m, 2MA, 2006 KSTAR: R = 1.8m, 2MA, 2008 JT-60SA: R = 3m, 5.5 MA, 2014 2nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 3

ITER Key Facts Mega-Science Project among 7 Members: China, EU, India, Japan, Korea, Russia & US Designed to produce 500 MW of fusion power for an extended period of time with a Q of 10 10 years construction, 20 years operation Cost: ~5.4 billion Euros approved for construction, and ~5.5 billion for operation and decommissioning EU 5/11, other six parties 1/11 each. Overall reserve of 10% of total. RF CN European Union KO JP 2nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna IN US Page 4 Procurement Sharing

- A unique feature of ITER is that almost all of the machine will be constructed through in kind procurement from the Members with essentially every member involved in every component. 2nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 5 Overview of the Major Development of the ITER Project May 2006 ITER Management Structure decided at IPC-8 Meeting in Goa, India 21 November 2006 The ITER Agreements signed in Paris Dec. 2006-Dec. 2007 ITER Design Review 24 October 2007 ITER Organization formally established 7 November 2007 Headquarters Agreement signed between France and the IO 27-28 November 2007

The 1st meeting of the ITER Council (DG, PDDG and DDGs were appointed, etc.) 28 November 2007 First PA with Japan signed on TF Conductor 18 December 2007 First PA with EU signed on TF Conductor End January, 2008 Submission of DAC files including RPrS to Nuclear Safety Authority 12 February 2008 First PA with Russia signed on TF Conductor April 2008 Construction Permit for nuclear buildings was awarded 2nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 6 17-18 June 2008 The 2nd Meeting of the ITER Council in Aomori, Japan (Project Specification was approved, Reference Schedule was agreed for planning purposes and Briscoe Panel was set up, etc.) October 2008 All DAs were established

19-20 November 2008 The 3rd Meeting of the ITER Council in Cadarache (3 pilot IPTs were agreed, etc.) November 2008 Moving to the HQ Building on-site March 2009 ITER Site Platform completed 17-18 June 2009 The 4th Meeting of the ITER Council in Mito, Japan (Updated Schedule was endorsed as a working basis for further development of ITER Baseline, etc) October 2009 Briscoe Panel Review on the new cost estimates November 2009 5th ITER council could not accept 2018 First Plasma Schedule March 2010 MAC recommends 2019 FP schedule to be used for preparation of baseline and approval in June 2010 by Council 2nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna

Page 7 ITER Organization Structure Tim Watson 2nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 8 Staffing Status By 31 December 2009, the ITER Organization had a total of 430 staff members, comprising 291 professional and 139 technical support staff members. In addition, as of end of 2009 there were around 330 external contractors. Professional staff Support staff Total CN 16 1 17 EU

175 106 281 IN 14 14 28 JA 22 6 28 KO 20 4 24 RU 21 2 23

US 23 6 29 Total 291 139 430 2nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 9 ITER - a multicultural organization 25 nationalities Grce France 0.3% Inde Irlande 5.9% 0.5%

Italie 6.7% Japon 6.7% 5.1% 29.6% Espagne 3.3% Core Pays-Bas 1.8% Finlande Royaume-Uni 0.8% 10.8% Russie Danemark 5.9% 0% S ude Chine

S uisse 3.9% 0.5% Canada Ukraine 0.3% Bulgarie 0.3% 0.5% Belgique Autriche 2.3% 0.5% Australie 0.3% Allemagne 6.7% 2nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna US A 0.3%

6.9% Page 10 The ITER Organization and the ITER Domestic Agencies 2nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 11 Integration between IO and DAs - Basic Roles and Responsibilities - ITER Organization Planning / Design* Integration / QA / Safety / Licensing / Schedule Installation Testing + Commissioning Operation Seven Members (Domestic Agencies, DA) Detailing / Designing* Procuring / Manufacturing Delivering

Supporting installation Conformance * Depending on type of specification - Functional: Functional requirements by IO and design by DAs - Detail design: Conceptual design by IO and detailed design by DAs - Build-to-print: Detailed design by IO and fabrication/shop design by DAs 2nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 12 Main Buildings on the ITER Site A facility licensed under the French Nuclear Regulatory Authority (ASN) Tokamak PF Coils winding Cryoplant Tritium Magnet power convertor Cooling towers Hot cell Will cover an area of about 60 ha Large buildings up to 250m long Large number of systems Control

2nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Main Office Page 13 Status of ITERs technical progress (highlights) Fusion gain Q = 10, Fusion Power: ~500MW, Ohmic burn 300 to 500 sec Goal Q=5 for 3000 sec Central Solenoid (6) Cryostat (Nb3Sn) (29 m high x 28 m dia.) Toroidal Field Coils (18) (Nb3Sn) Poloidal Field Coils (6) (NbTi) Thermal Shield (4 sub-assemblies) Vacuum Vessel (9 sectors) In-Vessel Coils (2-VS & 27-ELM) Correction Coils (18) (NbTi) Feeders (31) (NbTi) Blanket (440 modules) Divertor

(54 cassettes) Machine mass: 23350 t (cryostat + VV + magnets) - shielding, divertor and manifolds: 7945 t + 1060 port plugs 2nd RCM-FENDL-3, March 2010, Vienna - magnet 23 systems: 10150 t; cryostat: 820 t Page 14 Magnet Energy Comparison Superconducting Magnet Energy: Charles de Gaulle Energy: ~38000 t at ~150 km/hr ~51 GJ 2nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 15 TF Coil Mass Comparison Mass of (1) TF Coil: ~360 t 16 m Tall x 9 m Wide Boeing 747-300 (Maximum Takeoff Weight)

~377 t 2nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 16 TF and PF Jacketing in: CN JA RF US 2nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 17 ITER Procurement - a Worldwide Collaboration Example: TF Coils 2nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 18 Overview of Schedule for 2019 First Plasma First Plasma ITER Construction 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 TF Coils (EU) Case Winding Mockups Complete TF10 TF15 CS Coil CS Final Design Approved CS3L CS3U CS Ready for Machine Assembly Vacuum Vessel (EU) VV Fabrication Contract Award VV 05

VV09 VV07 Buildings & Site Construction Contract Award Tokamak Bldg 11 RFE Tokamak Assembly Start Machine Assembly Tokamak Basic Machine Assembly Start Install CS Start Cryostat Closure Ex Vessel Assembly In Vessel Assembly Assembly Phase 2 Assembly Phase 3 ITER Operations Pump Down & Integrated Commissioning Plasma Operations 2nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 19 34 signed Procurement Arrangements as of 16 March 2010 REFERENCE 1

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Signature date 28 November 1.1.P6A.JA.01 TF Conductors 2007 18 December 1.1.P6A.EU.01 TF Conductors 2007 12 February 1.1.P6A.RF.01 TF Conductors 2008 1.1.P6A.KO.01 TF Conductors 07 May 2008 1.1.P6A.CN.01 TF Conductors 16 June 2008 1.1.P1A.EU.01 TF Magnet Windings 20 June 2008 1.1.P6C.CN.01 PF Conductors 10 October 2008 19 November 1.1.P1B.JA.01 TF Magnet Windings 2008 19 November 1.1.P2B.JA.01 TF Magnet Structures 2008 19 November

6.2.P2.EU.01 PF Coil Winding Facility 2008 19 November 1.5.P1A.KO.01 Main Vessel 2008 1.5.P2A.KO.01 Equatorial and Lower 19 November Ports 2 RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna 2008 6.2.P2.EU.02 Architect Engineering nd Page 20 REFERENCE 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 Signature date 9 June 2009 18 June 2009 1.5.P2B.RF.01 Upper Ports 1.1.P6A.US.01 TF Conductors

2.6.P1A-1B.US.01 Tokamak Cooling Water 18 June 2009 System 1.7.P2A. JA.01 Divertor Outer Vertical 17 June 2009 Target 1.1.P3A-B.EU.01 PF Magnets 2,3,4,5,6 (EU) 19 June 2009 5.3.P6.EU.01 Power Supply for Heating 13 July 2009 Neutral Beam ( Low Voltage) 2.2.P2A.KO.01 Machine Assembly Tooling 3 August 2009 1.5.P1B.IN.01.0 VV In-Wall Shielding Block 24 September Assemblies 09 1.1.P6C.RF.01 PF Conductors 2 October 09 4.1.P1A-P8B.EU.01 SSEPN and PPEN 26 October 09 Detailed System Engineering Design 19 November 1.5.P1A.EU.01.0 VV Main Vessel 7 sectors 09 1.1.P6B.JA.01 Central Solenoid Conductor 8 December 09 4 February 5.1.P3.IN.01.0 IC H&CD RF Power Sources 2010 2 RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna 23 February nd kIUA Page 21

Procurement Arrangements (PAs) As of 18 March 2010, there are a total of 34 signed PAs, amounting to 1243.37844 kIUA (approximately EUR 1,900 million), about 41% of the total in-kind PA value; 19 PAs are scheduled to be signed by August 2010 for a total of 776.453 kIUA (an estimated EUR 1,186 million). 2nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 22 PAs to be signed by August 2010 according to the IPS PA REFERENCE 1 1.7.P2B.EU.01 Inner Vertical Targets 2 5.3.P7B.IN.01 Diagnostic Neutral Beam Line 3 5.1.P2.US.01 IC Transmission Lines 4 6.2.P2.EU.05 Building Construction

5 1.1.P4A-B.US.01 CS Magnet 6 5.3.P6.JA.01 NB H&CD Power Supply for Heating Neutral Beam 7 1.1.P2C.CN.01 Magnet Supports 8 9 2019 IPS DATE PROJECTION DATE 5-Jan10 14-Jan10 22-Jan10 29-Jan10 19Feb-10 March 2010 22Feb-10 March 2010

12-Mar-10 22-Mar-10 April 2010 12-Mar-10 26March 2010 Feb-10 31March 2010 5.1.P4.IN.01 IC H&CD Radio Frequency Power Supply Mar-10 31-Vienna 2 RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, 1.1.P3C.CN.01 Correction Coils March 2010 Mar-10 nd Page 23 PAs to be signed by August 2010 according to the IPS 2019 PA REFERENCE IPS DATE PROJECTIO N DATE 10 2.7.P1.KO.01 Thermal Shield

12-Mar10 April 2010 11 1.1.P6C.CN.02 Conductors for Correction Coils and Feeders 31-Mar10 March 2010 12 1.1.P2A.EU.01 Pre Compression Rings 31-Mar10 April 2010 13 1.1.P3A.RF.01 PF Magnet 1 31-Mar10 April 2010 14 5.2.P2.US.01 EC Main Transmission

13-Apr10 April 2010 15 2.6.P2A.IN.01 Component Cooling Water System (CCWS) Chilled Water System (CHWS) and Heat Rejection System (HRS) 16-Apr10 22-Mar-10 16 16-Apr1.1.P5A.CN.01 Magnet nd 2 RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Feeders 10 September 2010 Page 24 PAs to be signed by August 2010 according to the IPS PA REFERENCE 2019 IPS

DATE PROJECTI ON DATE 18 2.4.P1A.IN.01 Cryostat 25-Jun10 October 2010 19 4.1.P2.CN.01 AC/DC Convertors 13-Jul10 July 2010 20 4.1.P2.KO.01 AC/DC Convertors 13-Jul10 July 2010 21 4.1.P3.RF.01 Switching Network, Fast Discharge Units, DC Busbar & Instrumentation 19-Jul10

July 2010 2nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 25 ITER Schedule Following First Plasma: Path to DT in 2026 First Plasma ITER Commissioning and Operations 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 Hydrogen Operations & Coil Commissioning First Plasma Install InVessel Equipment, ECRH & Diagnostics Install Blanket, Divertors,1st NBI,

ICRH? & Diagnostics Shutdown Commission Hydrogen Operations Tritium Plant Full DT Throughput Shutdown Install 2ndNBI, & Diagnostics Commission H & He Operations Tritium Plant Ready for Nuclear Operation All H&CD Fully Commissioned Pre-Nuclear Shutdown Neutron Diagnostic Calibration Hydrogen Operations DD & Trace DT Operations Full DT 500 MW Fusion Attempt 2nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 26 What is Next? The IO works towards finalizing a full set of baseline documents by the end April (scope, schedule, cost); Scope is set in 2008. Schedule agreed as

working basis in March 2010; Resource loading of IPS for the IO is ongoing; The acceptance of the ITER baseline towards a commonly agreed upon schedule is a huge step forward, since every party is committed to a common plan. 2nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 27 Present ITER Construction Site Future Tokamak Complex JWS 2 JWS 3 The creation and improvement of 106 kilometres of access roads from Fos harbour to Cadarache will be finished by February 2010. 2nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 28 1 Itinerary of ITER Components ITER Site = Itinerary of ITER Components 2nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 29

The Roadmap Beyond ITER Todays expts. upgrade, construction Operation H ITER Des. IFMIF Design Construction Construction D DT Test/Optimise Blanket Qualify DEMO Materials DEMO Design 2nd DT Op. Phase

Optimise Materials Construction Initial Operation Alternative Commercial Concept Confinement Power Plants Schemes 2nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Design Reliability demo Construction Op. Page 30 Summary It took almost four years to re-baseline ITER and have a common understanding of the real cost of ITER. In the parties and for the IO. The baseline decision by Council in June 2010 will set the real trigger for all countries to now move at the same pace. We still have lots of things to improve, technically, managerially and also in interfacing with industry partners. 2nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page

31 ITER Licensing Process Accordance with French regulations ITER is a basic nuclear facility (Installation Nuclaire de Base, INB) e.g. labs, fuel plants, not fission reactors. Compliance with international standards of safety (IAEA) Licensing process: Safety options report submitted and reviewed 2002 Series of informal technical meetings with the authorities (ASN) and their technical advisors (IRSN), 2006 2008. License application documents were submitted January 2008 Request for authorisation (Demande dAutorisation de Cration, DAC), including Impact Study Preliminary Safety Report (Rapport Prliminaire de Sret, RPrS) Examination of files submitted in January 2008 Authorities (ASN & IRSN) reviewed our files for acceptability In July 2008, they requested detailed additional information in the files DAC and RPrS are now being updated, for re-submission in 2010 Next: Public Enquiry. Then examination by panel of independent experts (Groupe Permanent) to advise ASN. 2nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 32 Current status (October 2009)

All RPrS chapters and Impact Study are in first draft Some require completion with the outcome of safety analyses in progress, or design information from baseline documents to be fixed Many annexe documents completed Translation into French under way Reviews of RPrS to be held October December, by technical ROs, Safety Control Division (second level check), and in review including external experts - English version to be finalized by end of 2009 Translation in French and final checking Submission expected end of February 2010 Should lead to issue of decree allowing creation of facility. Further processes will follow to obtain authorisation for commissioning and start-up. 2nd RCM-FENDL-3, 23 March 2010, Vienna Page 33

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