# STATES OF MATTER - Madison County School District

STATES OF MATTER The Four States of Matter Four States Solid Liquid Gas Plasma STATES OF MATTER

Based upon particle arrangement Based upon energy of particles Based upon distance between particles Kinetic Theory of Matter Matter is made up of particles which are in continual random motion. STATES OF MATTER SOLIDS

Particles of solids are tightly packed, vibrating about a fixed position. Solids have a definite shape and a definite volume. Heat

STATES OF MATTER LIQUID Particles of liquids are tightly packed, but are far enough apart to slide over one another. Liquids have an indefinite shape and a definite volume.

Heat STATES OF MATTER GAS Particles of gases are very far apart and move freely. Gases have an

indefinite shape and an indefinite volume. Heat PHASE CHANGES Description of Phase Change

Solid to liquid Liquid to solid Term for Phase Change Heat Movement During Phase Change

Melting Heat goes into the solid as it melts. Freezing Heat leaves

the liquid as it freezes. PHASE CHANGES Description of Phase Change Liquid to gas Gas to

liquid Term for Phase Change Heat Movement During Phase Change Vaporization, which includes Heat goes into the

boiling and liquid as it vaporizes. evaporation Condensation Solid to gas Sublimation Heat leaves the gas as it condenses. Heat goes into the

solid as it sublimates. But what happens if you raise the temperature to super-high levels between 1000C and 1,000,000,000C ? Will everything just be a gas?

STATES OF MATTER PLASMA A plasma is an ionized gas. A plasma is a very good conductor of electricity and is affected by magnetic fields.

Plasmas, like gases Plasma is the have an indefinite common state shape and an of matter indefinite volume. STATES OF MATTER

SOLID Tightly packed, in a regular pattern Vibrate, but do not move from place to place LIQUID Close together with no regular

arrangement. Vibrate, move about, and slide past each other GAS Well separated with no regular arrangement. Vibrate and move

freely at high speeds PLASMA Has no definite volume or shape and is composed of electrical charged particles

Some places where plasmas are found 1. Flames 2. Lightning 3. Aurora (Northern Lights)

The Sun is an example of a star in its plasma state COLD PLASMA COLD PLASMA PEN

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