SSWH6 The student will describe the diverse characteristics ...
SSWH6 The student will describe the diverse characteristics of early African societies before 1800 CE. a. Identify the Bantu migration patterns and contribution to settled agriculture. Bantu The Bantu were different groups of people that shared a common culture Farmers and ironworkers; Their slash and
burn style of farming forced them to move every few years After hundreds of years the Bantu settled in southern Africa Introduced agriculture to areas they settled and passed through b. Describe the development and decline of the Sudanic kingdoms (Ghana, Mali, Songhai); include the roles of Sundiata, and the pilgrimage of Mansa Musa to Mecca.
Ghana -Rulers in the region gained wealth by taxing traders that crossed their area -Through wealth, the region developed into a kingdom where salt and gold was traded and taxed -Islam spread throughout the kingdom-Muslims eventually
attacked the area disrupting trade and left the kingdom in ruins Mali(1300s) Mali became established in the early 1200s when several kingdoms were united after the fall of the Ghana Empire Became wealthy through
the salt and gold trade Malis power began to weaken after succession to the throne was disrupted Sundiata (sun-JAHT-ah) The first great leader of Mali Established a strong government (finance,
defense, and foreign affairs) Made travel through the kingdom safe and reestablished a strong gold/salt trade Mansa Musa (1280-1337) Emperor of Mali who made a pilgrimage to Mecca
Gave out vast amounts of gold along his way Brought back Muslim scholars and architects, who built mosques, libraries, and universities Timbuktu became a center of Muslim culture Songhai (1375-1591)
Largest and last West African Empire Took over territories from the weakened Mali Empire, eventually replacing it Well governed empire with a large military Empire collapsed after Moroccan invaders with
gunpowder and cannons defeated Songhai warriors c. Describe the trading networks by examining trans-Saharan trade in gold, salt, and slaves; include the Swahili trading cities. Gold was mined in the western sub-Sahara: supplying about 66% of the worlds gold supply
The sub-Sahara lacked saltessential for preserving food Traders brought salt, and European goods with them in exchange for gold-trade was taxed by local rulers (Timbuktu) African Slave Trade Arab traders exported slaves from Africa to Arabia and India to be
used as domestic servants and soldiers The slave trade was minor compared to the later slave trade to the Americas d. Analyze the process of religious syncretism as a blending of traditional African beliefs with new ideas from Islam and Christianity. religious syncretism is the
blending of religions through conquest or trade Though many Africans converted to either Islam or Christianity, most also retained their local religious beliefs as well (many were animistic in nature)
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