Sociology: Then and Now - Valley Central High School
Are th e re Aliens in Pin e Bush? Do Now: List three (3) possible explanations for this local issue. FOCUS: How did the field of sociology develop?
Who are the early Sociologists? How are these theories different? What are some CURRENT theories? Write these down in your notebook 2 n a n e h W
? p o l e v e D y g o l o i
c o S d i d y h w d 3 Industrial Revolution
4 Housing shortages, crime, poverty, different lifestyles 5 Interactions used to be based on personal relationships 6 Impersonal nature of cities relationships now based on work 7 How did Sociology Develop?
Relationships no longer personal, less helpful, more anonymous People became frustrated, many were poor and some were wealthy Political revolutions developed in this time period. Many also questioned religious and traditional explanations of life 8
t e r e Who w ? s t s i g o l o
i c o S y l r a E he 9 Early Sociology I was born in
January actually, I dont know why my mom named me Auguste Auguste Comte 1st to apply research to study social life Focused on Social Order and Social Change Society changes through social dynamics the processes of social
I dont know where my hair stops and my beard begins? Herbert Spencer Influenced by Charles Darwin Social change and unrest were natural and led to stability and perfection Believed that no steps should be taken to
correct problems best aspects of society10 Early Sociology It is me, Karl. I started Communism. Yeah yeahI know. It didnt work out well. Karl Marx Society structured by economy Two classes: proletariat (workers) and bourgeoisie
(capitalists) Imbalance would lead to revolution and be primary cause of social change Emile Durkheim
Saw society as interdependent parts that maintains the system throughout time Viewed these parts as functions FUNCTIONALISM Believed shared beliefs/values held society together Sociologists should study features that are 11 observable and can be
Do Now: Write this focus in your notes. Max Weber was a sociologist who was interested in separate groups in society and the effect of SOCIETY on the INDIVIDUAL. He believed you should go beyond study of observations but uncover feelings and thoughts of individuals. Rather than looking at society with an objective view looking at an issue from the perspective of those being studied. VERSTEHEN translates to Meaningful Understanding" putting yourself in the shoes of others to see things from their perspective. 12
Verstehen! Max Weber Early Sociologists More interested in separate groups in society
Focus: effect of SOCIETY on the INDIVIDUAL Should go beyond study of observations but uncover feelings and thoughts of individuals Principle of VERSTEHEN translates to Meaningful Understanding" putting yourself in the shoes of others to see things from their perspective. NO! I am not sneezing! See situations through
the eyes of others IDEAL TYPE: the essential characteristics of a feature of society Example: Construct an ideal school, American, Work attitude, etc. By examining many different examples of each ideal type 13 Do Now: (Hand in from yesterday)
Straight Man in a Gay World 1. What are the two viewpoints being explored in this episode 2. Why did the Castro District become a mecca for gay rights? 3. Describe a scene where one of them is faced with experiencing the opposite viewpoint and their reaction. 4. At what point do you think there was a turning point? Do Now: Out of all the following below, which of these people is more likely to commit suicide? Explain your answers
15 Do Now: Leah Sullivan Age 13 Julien Hug 35 Tyler Clementi 18 Justin De'Andre James, 8
Jessica Fashano , 27 Abraham Biggs, 1916 Emile Durkheims Suicide Study Wrote the first groundbreaking book in the field of Sociology. French Sociologist Emile Durkheim in 1897 Durkheim explores the differing suicide rates among Protestants and Catholics, arguing that stronger social norms among Catholics results in lower suicide rates. Concluded that social unity and lack
of isolation had more to do with suicide than religious beliefs Activity Current suicide statistics List some possible causes for these statistics List some possible correlations for these statistics CAUSE=Direct result of an action/issue/event CORRELATION= Related to action/issue/event but not necessarily a cause. Ex. You more a probably chance of dying if you go to the hospital. Do Now:
List three (3) products you use this morning before getting to school List two things you bought at the mall recently. 19 What are some Current Sociology Theories? 20 What do sociologists look at? CAUSE=Direct result of an action/issue/event CORRELATION= Related to action/issue/event
but not necessarily a cause. Ex. You more a probably chance of dying if you go to the hospital. Survey for Teachers http://freeonlinesurveys.com/rendersurvey.as p?sid=2hxgfcx0d1d6kgb968868 22 Current Perspectives Functionalist Perspective Comte, Spencer, Durkheim Society a set of interrelated parts that work together to
produce a stable society Consensus Not all elements run smoothly DYSFUNCTION: negative consequence for the lack of stability in society Example: Crime disrupts not stabilizes There are positive functions and negative functions Each can be either MANIFEST or LATENT Manifest: intended consequence
Latent: unintended consequence 23 Example: A Manifest function of a car is to provide transportation A Latent function of a car is to gain social standing through a display
of wealth 24 What are the following used for? Can you list things in society that have both Manifest and Latent Functions? In a group of three.brainstorm items, institutions, etc. that have both Manifest and Latent Functions 26 Current Perspectives Conflict Perspective Karl Marx
People in society who possess more power in society control others with less power Study various groups: women and men, race, family, employers and employees, etc. Competition over scarce resources (power, wealth) Group gains control of it establish rules and procedures to keep it Protect their interests at
expense of other groups Leads to social conflict social change inevitable in society 27 Do Now Reading 1 Can you list four (4) groups in society that possibly illustrate Conflict Perspective?
28 Computer Lab for Sociology Project Monday October 17th Thursday October 20th Can create PowerPoints, calculate survey answers, prepare presentations, etc. Computer Lab is in room 223. Institutions and relationships that are inherently in conflict
Employee/Boss Teacher/Student Principal/Student College Prof./Student Coach/Player Landlord/Tenant
Police/Citizen Shopkeeper/Customer Parent/child Wealthy/poor Name some relationships in which you are in conflict with each day whether or not you are the controlleror controlled. 30 Current Perspectives Interactionist Perspective Functionalists and Conflict
Theorists focus on society in general or groups Interactionists focus on individuals and their interaction with each other Role of symbols in life Symbol: anything that represents something else Example: objects, words, gestures American flag, salute, a high five, slang How people use symbols is symbolic interaction
Reading 2 31 Interactionist Activity Turn to the student nearest to you. Express the word you were given without talking Interactionist Activity Wrap Up Was it difficult to get your point across using only symbols? Are there any symbols that you used in a different state or country that are entirely
different here? Are there any symbols you use at home that only the micro-culture of your family would understand? Exit Quiz What is Manifest Function? What is Latent Function? What is Conflict Theory? List three (3) relationships you have that
illustrate conflict theory 35 Wrap Up What event started the need for sociology? Why? What did Emile Durkheim study and what were his observations? What is a correlation? Give an example What would be a direct cause? What is manifest content? What is latent content? What do interactionists look at? Why is it important to measure assumptions before accepting
them as fact? 37 Your survey must include the following questions What grade are you in: 9 10 11 12 Do you feel we have a bullying problem at Valley Central? Have you ever been bullied since you began high school? Have you ever been harassed online? If so, please choose one or more of the following: 1. MySpace 2. Facebook 3. Formspring 4. Email 5. Game Forum
38 Project Grading Rubric: 1-10 points each. 50 pts. =100 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Explain your groups topic. Why you chose that. Short biography of all group members in your slide show Hypothesis: What do you think the results will be of your topic (s). What do each of your group members think? Slide show must contain good visuals: photos, clipart, charts, graphs,
etc. 6. Create your surveys. Give out and collect. No demeaning or insulting stereotypes 7. Project contains data from surveys. Group used data to try and explain the results of their issue. 8. Contains at least: One (1) pie chart/bar graph, Six (6) or more slides explaining results. 9. A summary explaining your perceptions of your results. Did the data prove your expectations? Were there any surprises or obstacles you didnt foresee? 10. Visually pleasing, neat, creative, interesting. Fact Finders http://2010.census.gov/2010census/
http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pa ges/index.xhtml Sociology Mini-Project DUE OCT. 14th Valley Central High School Sociology Project: Due Oct. 14th 2011 Group Culture and Perceptions Your group will choose an issue at Valley Central High School and explore this issue using a sociological perspective. You will collect information from different groups to create a survey. Make sure you DO NOT demean or make fun of ANY group this is Sociology Class and a certain maturity level is expected. Work together you are studying groups, group interaction, and also working together in a group. You are responsible for making sure each member has a role and is accountable for it.
What are you looking for? Choose an issue as a basis for your survey. Examples: Perceptions about North Cafeteria vs. South Cafeteria, Race and Ethnicity, Bullying Perception, Drug Use, Perceptions about high school experience, VC Trends, etc. What do we do? In your group you must define and choose five (5) different group members to interview and how many members of that group to survey. Assign a group member to an interview (s) Create a survey with at least ten (10) questions. Try to create measurable questions as they are easier to tabulate and create data from. Multiple choice, True or False, On a scale of
1 to 5, 5 being the most and 1 being the least etc. Who will type the survey, hand out, collect and measure, create charts, where, when, etc. Your group must include sociological research in reference to their topic. Hand in list of group members and their assignments Create a PowerPoint Presentation on your Project Every group must include the following questions in their survey, (in addition to the 10 or more you create). What grade are you in: 9 10 11 12 Do you feel we have a bullying problem at Valley Central? Have you ever been bullied since you began
high school? Have you ever been harassed online? If so, please choose one or more of the following: 1. MySpace 2. Facebook 3. Formspring 4. Email 5. Game Forum 6.Other _______(please list) You MUST Make sure you DO NOT demean or make fun of ANY group this is Sociology Class and a certain maturity level is expected. Work together you are studying groups, group interaction, and also working together in a group. You are responsible for making sure each member has a role and is
accountable for it. Homework Assignment: Test Grade You are a sociologist studying an issue of your choice. Find an article about your issue and in a five (5) paragraph essay look at it from one of the below viewpoints Functionalist Perspective Conflict Perspective Interactionist Perspective Due:
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