Materials Handling, Storage, Use, and Disposal 10-Hour Construction

Materials Handling, Storage, Use, and Disposal 10-Hour Construction

Materials Handling, Storage, Use, and Disposal 10-Hour Construction Outreach PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling 1 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Materials Handling, Storage, Use, and Disposal Lesson Overview Types of material handling equipment. Hazards associated with material handling activities

Prevention of hazards associated with material handling equipment Employer requirements to protect workers from material handling hazards PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling 2 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Types of Equipment Conveyors Source: OSHA PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling

Powered Industrial Trucks Source: TEEX-Harwood 3 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Types of Equipment Cranes Slings Source: OSHA Source: OSHA

PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling 4 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Factors Contributing to Injuries Weight and bulkiness of objects Bending, twisting, turning movements Source: OSHA PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling Source: OSHA

5 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Hazards Improper operation of equipment Accumulated materials or clutter Source of photos: OSHA PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling 6 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Hazards Unsafe conditions of materials or containers

Flammability or toxicity of some materials Source: OSHA PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling 7 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Hazards Weight of materials Binding ties or other devices that secure bundles or bound materials

Source: OSHA Source: OSHA PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling 8 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Hazards Falling objects Lifting, pushing, pulling, or otherwise manually moving large, heavy items Source: OSHA

PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling Source: OSHA 9 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Hazards Improperly stacked materials Struck-by or caught-in/-between hazards Source of photos: TEEX - Harwood PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling 10

Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Injuries Types of injuries commonly reported Sprains, strains, tears Soreness and pain Bruises and contusions Cuts, lacerations, and punctures PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling Source: OSHA 11 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup

Injuries Examples of events or exposures leading to injuries Contact with objects and equipment Source: OSHA Transportation incidents Exposure to harmful substances or environments Source: OSHA PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling

12 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Injuries Falls, slips, trips, or loss of balance Repetitive motion Source: OSHA Overexertion Source: OSHA PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling 13

Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Preventing Hazards Moving materials manually Use devices to assist with holding loads Wear PPE Use proper lifting technique Seek help for oversized loads Use blocking materials Source of photos: OSHA PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling 14 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup

Preventing Hazards Cranes Major types of crane accidents Contact with power lines Overturns Falls Mechanical failure Source: OSHA PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling

15 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Preventing Hazards Hoisting tons of material, steel, and concrete with cranes Operated only by thoroughly trained and competent workers Source: OSHA Source: TEEX - Harwood PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling

16 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Preventing Hazards Eliminate/reduce crane hazards by: Knowing Load Capacity of the crane When the load is safe to lift Source: TEEX - Harwood Always checking crane load chart and never exceed load limits

PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling 17 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Preventing Hazards Inspection of crane by a qualified person Modified, repaired, or adjusted Post-assembly At least every 12 months Equipment not in regular use

Visual inspection by a competent person Prior to each shift Monthly Source: OSHA PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling 18 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Preventing Hazards Slings Connect a crane hook to a load Proper selection Inspection

Source of photos: OSHA PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling 19 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Preventing Hazards Reduce sling hazards by: Lubricated Do not shorten with knots, bolts, or other devices, or kink legs Keep clear of loads Avoid sudden movement

Source: OSHA PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling Source: OSHA 20 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Preventing Hazards Forklifts Main causes of injuries

Forklift overturns Forklift striking workers on foot Persons crushed by forklifts Persons falling from forklifts Source: OSHA PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling 21 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Preventing Hazards Illegal forklift operators Anyone under 18 Anyone not properly trained and certified

Source of photos: OSHA PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling 22 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Preventing Hazards Driving the forklift

Obstructed vision Travel path Approaching people Elevated platform Seat belts and ROPS Raising/lowering forks Safe distance Source of photos: OSHA PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling 23 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Preventing Hazards

Elevating workers with forklift Standing on forks Lifting personnel Approved lift platform Restraining means Source: OSHA PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling 24 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup

Preventing Hazards Driving forklift on Grades/Ramps Use extreme caution No turns Tilting and raising load Point load up the incline Source of photos: OSHA PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling

25 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Preventing Hazards Forklift operating speed Tip-overs Turning Avoiding collisions Wet and slippery floors Ascending/descending

Obstructed vision Source of photos: OSHA PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling 26 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Preventing Hazards Avoiding Excess Weight Do not exceed weight capacity of forklift. Center loads and secure to keep from shifting to maintain balance of weight Source: OSHA

PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling 27 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Preventing Hazards Use of Dock Boards for Loading/Uploading Bridging space Securing portable dock boards Handholds for dock boards Source: OSHA PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling

28 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Preventing Hazards Exiting the Forklift Set brake, lower forks/lifting carriage, neutralize controls Stand-up type forklift Riding the forklift No passengers allowed Exception seat is provided Source of photos: OSHA PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling

29 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Preventing Hazards Avoiding Struck-by/Crushed-by Dont jump from an overturning, sit-down type forklift. Stay with the truck, hold on firmly, and lean in the opposite direction of the overturn. Source: OSHA PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling 30 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup

Preventing Hazards Forklift Training do not operate a forklift without proper training and licensing. Reporting Damage any damage or problems that occur to a forklift during a shift should be reported to the supervisor. Source: OSHA PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling 31 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Preventing Hazards Earth-Moving Equipment

Scrapers Loaders Crawlers Bulldozers Off-highway trucks Graders Tractors Source of photos: TEEX - Harwood PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling 32 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Preventing Hazards Earth-Moving Equipment Seatbelts

Reverse gear not used unless that piece of equipment has: Source: OSHA Back-up signal alarm or Signaler Operator properly trained PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling 33 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Employer Requirements

Comply with OSHA standards related to materials handling, including: Training requirements, including requirements for forklift training. Inspection requirements Source of photos: OSHA PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling 34 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Employer Requirements Comply with manufacturers requirements and

recommendations for materials handling equipment. Source : OSHA PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling 35 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Recognizing Hazards Identify potential hazards and possible solutions: Source of photos : OSHA PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling

36 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Recognizing Hazards Identify potential hazards and possible solutions: Source: OSHA PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling Source: TEEX - Harwood 37 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup

Recognizing Hazards Identify potential hazards and possible solutions: Source of photos : TEEX Harwood PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling 38 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Knowledge Check 1. How old do you have to be to operate a forklift, regardless of training? a. b. c.

d. 16 18 21 25 b. You must be at least 18 years old to operate a forklift. PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling 39 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Knowledge Check 2. One good way to prevent materials

handling hazards is to ___. a. refuse to allow personnel to ride equipment without a seat and seatbelt b. report all damaged equipment immediately c. operate within manufacturers specifications d. All of these. d. All of these are good ways to prevent materials handling hazards. PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling 40 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup Knowledge Check 3. Which of the following is a method for

eliminating or reducing crane operation hazards? a. Operators should know how much they are lifting as well as the rated capacity of the crane. b. A competent person should visually inspect the crane once a year. c. Never exceed the load limit by more than 10%. d. All of these. a. Crane operators should know how much they are lifting and the rated capacity of the crane. PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling 41 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup

Knowledge Check 4. Employers must comply with OSHA standards related to materials handling, including training and _____. a. b. c. d. equipment operations inspection All of these. c. Employers must comply with OSHA standards for training and inspection.

PPT 10-hr. Construction Materials Handling 42 Created by OTIEC Outreach Resources Workgroup

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