Microwave/Millimetre wave transport opportunities on the way to

Microwave/Millimetre wave transport opportunities on the way to

Microwave/Millimetre wave transport opportunities on the way to 5G Paolo Di Prisco Mobile Networks Head of Microwave Product Strategy Network shift towards 5G New services RAN decomposition and Cloud shift Cloud RAN Throughput increase (eMBB driven) up to x10 10/25Gbps F1/BH Nx25Gbps eCPRI Ultra-low latency down to 1ms E2E High reliability >99.999% D-RAN RAN functions over multiple platforms (PNF and VNF) and higher interconnectivity due to new topologies new X-Haul interfaces and X-Haul convergence Shift to edge cloud and central office/datacenter-like architecture more complex interconnect Edge Cloud Edge Cloud Edge cloud Network densification

Small cells/ RRHs Packet core, IMS, Analytics CENTRALIZE DISTRIBUTE D D Network Slicing and Automation High user density (> 150,000 subs/km2) implying increased connectivity between BTS sites with different X-Haul variants Connectivity will keep evolving overtime: cellsites transport connectivity will require to be more flexible and dynamic New service types will demand increased granularity for e2e SLAs and automated traffic engineering Transport pipes setup should be automated and be programmable in order to dynamically adapt A much more flexible and programmable multi-technology x-haul transport will be needed 2 2018 Nokia Wireless Transport Market trends New x-Haul interfaces 3 2018 Nokia

Data Capacity * Source: Analysis Mason / ABI / DellOro forecast Full Outdoor Millimetre Wave 5G deployment scenarios = 26/28/39 GHz = 3.x GHz = Below 1GHz mmWave (26/28/39 GHz) layer - Ultra-dense urban - Hot spots like airports and stadiums Sub6 (e.g. 3.x GHz) layer - Urban/Suburban coverage < 1GHz layer Rural scenario for coverage 4 2018 Nokia Typical wireless backhaul / F1 needs 10/10+ Gbps Less than 1km Up to 5-10 Gbps Up to 7-10 km Up to 2 Gbps

More than 7-10 km Technology evolution Path to 100Gbps Spectrum opportunities GHz CapacityLatencyAntennas Bandwidth / Channels New mmW Band s Millimet er Waves D-Band 170 W-Band 115 32GHz 123x250MHz E-Band 80 V-Band 60 32GHz Sub6 5 <10u s Flat -Active Ultracompact FLAT ACTIVE 92

5+5GHz 38x250MHz 20 Gbps 1GHz 8x112MHz 5 Gbps 38 Microwave Traditional Bands 100 Gbps 2018 Nokia 32 25 23 18 15 13 11 10 7/8 6 5 3 10u s 1-2ft - Flat Compact 50u s 1ft Classical

Carrier Aggregation THE tool for wireless transport evolutionToday state of the art: GHz New mmW Band s Millimet er Waves D-Band 170 115 92 E-Band 60 32GHz 15/23GH z 6/11GHz Sub6 6 2018 Nokia mmWav e+ mmWav e 80 38 Microwave Traditional Bands 32GHz 123x250MHz 32

25 23 18 15 13 11 10 7/8 6 5 3 E-band 2+0 15Gbps 15-18-23 GHz + E-band uWave + mmWav e 3+0 - Up to 10Gbps uWav e+ uWav e N+0 Long Haul 1-5 Gbps Carrier Aggregation provides higher capacity and longer links preserving high availability thanks to lower band Carrier aggregation evolution Future Today E-band 2+0 15Gbps 15-18-23 GHz + E-band 3+0 Up to 10Gbps

N+0 Long Haul 1-5 Gbps Urban boost Sub Urban extend er Rural extend er E-band + D-band Up to 100Gbps >1 km New combinations >10km New combinations Higher integration Up to 40km 7 2018 Nokia uWave Carrier aggregation evolution Macro backhaul - Rural uWave CA link extender 16.9 38 GHz 2.3 21.9 32 GHz 2.5 23 GHz 38.1 6.5

0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Low uWav e band CA with 6-11GHz + 23 / 32 / 38 GHz Link length [km]Aggreation Single band Carrier Single band: Median from ITU Report 173 (2ft antenna Rain 60mm/h) 8 2018 Nokia High uWav e band Radios and an for multi G

long dista Carrier Aggre addressing TCO Beyond 100GHz mmWave What is enabling uWave V-band E-band Capacity W-band D-band (130-175 GHz) Innovative configurations Multiple small antennas Tx/Rx 9 2018 Nokia Multiple 10Gbps streams MIMO and Mesh T x R x Flexible duplex Ultra-dense network Zoom on 5G high capacity transport

Millimeter-wave Wireless deployment 26/28/39 GHz Backhaul / F1 PtP / PtMP / Mesh 10 2018 Nokia Remote Macro-sector/small cells Sub-6GHz RRH and Small cells 5G massive MIMO Fronthaul (eCPRI) Point to Point Small Cells low power deployment SUB-6GHz 4G/5G Small cells low power street level 26/28/39 GHz Small-cells Backhaul / F1 PtP / PtMP / Mesh through beamsteering 5G deployment scenarios = 26/28/39 GHz = 3.x GHz = Below 1GHz mmWave (26/28/39 GHz) layer - Ultra-dense urban - Hot spots like airports and stadiums 10/10+ Gbps Less than 1km Sub6 (e.g. 3.x GHz) layer

- Urban/Suburban coverage Up to 5-10 Gbps Up to 7-10 km E-Band Dband E-Band 32GHz(e.g.) OR Urban boost OR Sub Urban extend er < 1GHz layer Rural scenario for coverage 1-2 Gbps More than 7-10 km 11 2018 Nokia 6/11GHz OR Rural extend er Summary Cloud RAN

D-RAN Carrier Aggregation, wideband and High mmWave technologies to cover wireless transport evolution needs depending on deployment scenario split Edge and RAN functional Edge Cloud Cloud Edge cloud DISTRIBUTE D Small cells/ RRHs E2E network automation, traffic engineering and service provisioning (SDN) 12 2018 Nokia Packet core, IMS, Analytics CENTRALIZE D 13 Nokia 2016 Customer confidential

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