IMPACT ACT OF 2014 Stella Mandl, RN Deputy Director Tara McMullen, PhD Analyst The Division of Chronic & Post Acute Care Improving Medicare Post-Acute Care Transformation (IMPACT) Act of 2014 Bi-partisan bill introduced in March, U.S. House & Senate; passed on September 18, 2014 and signed into law by President Obama October 6, 2014 Requires Standardized Patient Assessment Data for: Assessment and Quality Measures Quality care and improved outcomes Discharge Planning Interoperability
Care coordination 2 Definitions Applicable PAC settings and Prospective Payment Systems (PPS): Home health agencies (HHA) under section 1895 Skilled nursing facilities (SNF) under section 1888(e) Inpatient rehabilitation facilities (IRF) under section 1886(j) Long-term care hospitals (LTCH) under section 1886(m) 3 Definitions (continued) Applicable PAC assessment instruments HHA: Outcome and Assessment Information Set (OASIS) or any successor regulation SNF: assessment specified under section 1819(b)(3)
IRF: any Medicare beneficiary assessment instrument established by the Secretary for purposes of section 1886(j) LTCH: any Medicare beneficiary assessment instrument used to collect data elements to calculate quality measures, including for purposes of section 1886(m)(5)(C) 4 Requirements for Standardized Assessment Data IMPACT Act added new section 1899(B) to Title XVIII of the Social Security Act (SSA) Post-Acute Care (PAC) providers must report: Standardized assessment data Data on quality measures Data on resource use and other measures The data must be standardized and interoperable to allow for the: Exchange of data using common standards and definitions
Facilitation of care coordination Improvement of Medicare beneficiary outcomes PAC assessment instruments must be modified to: Enable the submission of standardized data Compare data across all applicable providers 5 Standardized Patient Assessment Data Requirements for reporting assessment data: Providers must submit standardized assessment data through PAC assessment instruments under applicable reporting provisions The data must be submitted with respect to admission and discharge for each patient, or more frequently as required
Data categories: Functional status Cognitive function and mental status Special services, treatments, and interventions Medical conditions and co-morbidities Impairments Other categories required by the Secretary Use of Standardized Assessment Data: HHAs: no later than January 1, 2019 SNFs, IRFs, and LTCHs: no later than October 1, 6 2018 Specified Application Dates by
Quality Measure Domains Functional status, cognitive function, and changes in function and cognitive function Skin integrity and changes in skin integrity Medication reconciliation Incidence of major falls Communicating the existence of and providing for the transfer of health information and care preferences 7 Resource Use and Other Measures Resource use and other measures will be specified for reporting, which may include standardized assessment data in addition to claims data. Resource use and other measure domains include: Total estimated Medicare spending per beneficiary Discharge to community
Measures to reflect all-condition risk-adjusted potentially preventable hospital readmission rates 8 (e) Measurement Measurement Implementation Implementation Phases; Phases; Selection Selection of of Quality Quality Measures Measures and and Resource Resource (e) Use and and Other Other Measures
Measures Use (1)Measurement Implementation Phases (A)Initial Implementation Phase (i) measure specification (ii)data collection (B) Second Implementation Phase feedback reports to PAC providers (C) Third Implementation Phase public reporting of PAC providers' performance (2) Consensus-based Entity (3) Treatment of Application of Pre-Rulemaking Process 9 SNF QRP Established SNFs - amends section 1888(e) of the SSA to add paragraph (6)
(A) Reduction in Update for Failure to Report A SNF will receive a 2 percentage point reduction in its APU for failure to report data beginning with FY 2018 The result may be less than 0.0 for the FY and/or less than the preceding The reduction will only apply to the FY involved 10 Data Standardization: PAC-PRD and the CARE Tool: Background 2000: Benefits Improvement & Protection Act (BIPA) mandated standardized assessment items across the Medicare program, to supersede current items 2005: Deficit Reduction Act (DRA) Mandated the use of standardized assessments across acute and post-acute settings
Established Post-Acute Care Payment Reform Demonstration (PAC-PRD) which included a component testing the reliability of the standardized items when used in each Medicare setting 2006: Post-Acute Care Payment Reform Demonstration requirement: Data to meet federal HIT interoperability standards 11 PAC PRD & the Care Tool: Informed Concepts Guiding Principles and Goals: Assessment Data that is Uniform : Reusable Informative Can help achieve data use that can:
Communicate in the same language across settings Ensure data transferability of clinically relevant information forward and backward allowing for interoperability, ensuring care coordination Data Uniformity Goals that standardization can enable: Increases reliability and validity Fostering seamless care transitions Allows data to follow the person Measures that can follow the patient Facilitates patient centered care, Evaluation of longitudinal outcomes for care coordination patients that traverse settings Assessment of quality across settings Improved outcomes, and efficiency Reduction in provider burden 12
More About About CARE CARE More Data collection using the CARE Item Set occurred as part of the Post Acute Care Payment Reform Demonstration and included 206 acute and PAC providers http://www.cms.gov/Medicare/Quality-Initiatives-Patient-Asse ssment-Instruments/Post-Acute-Care-Quality-Initiatives/CARE-I tem-Set-and-B-CARE.html 13 Standardized Assessment Data Elements One Question: Much to Say
14 One Response: Many Uses Data Element and Response Code QI Care Planning/ Decision Support Quality Reporting Care Transitions Payment 15
Data Elements: Standardization HCBS CARE OASIS-C IRF-PAI LTCH CARE Data Set MDS 3.0 Uniformity Data
Elements Keeping in Mind, the Ideal State Facilities are able to transmit electronic and interoperable Documents and Data Elements Provides convergence in language/terminology Data Elements used are clinically relevant Care is coordinated using meaningful information that is spoken and understood by all Measures can evaluate quality across settings and evaluate intermittent and long term outcomes Measures and Information can follow the person Incorporates needs beyond healthcare system 17 CMS Framework for Measurement Clinical Quality of Care Care type
(preventive, acute, post-acute, chronic) Conditions Subpopulations Person- and Caregiver- Centered Experience and Outcomes Patient experience Caregiver experience Preference- and goaloriented care Care Coordination Patient and family activation Infrastructure and processes for care
coordination Impact of care coordination Population/ Community Health Health Behaviors Access Physical and Social environment Health Status Function Efficiency and Cost Reduction Safety
All-cause harm HACs HAIs Unnecessary care Medication safety Cost Efficiency Appropriateness Measures should be patientcentered and outcome-oriented whenever possible
Measure concepts in each of the six domains that are common across providers and settings can form a core set of measures 18 Measure Domains & Measures Under Consideration Functional status, cognitive function, and changes in function and cognitive function Percent of patients/residents with an admission and discharge functional assessment and a care plan that addresses function
Skin integrity and changes in skin integrity NQF #0678 Percent of Residents or Patients with Pressure Ulcers That Are New or Worsened (NQF #0678 ) Incidence of major falls Percent of Residents Experiencing One or More Falls with Major Injury (NQF #0674) 19 Measure Domains Domains & & Measures Measures Under Under Consideration Consideration Measure Measures to reflect all-condition risk-adjusted potentially preventable
hospital readmission rates IRF Setting (NQF #2502): All-Cause Unplanned Readmission Measure for 30 Days Post Discharge from Inpatient Rehabilitation Facilities SNF Setting (NQF #2510): Skilled Nursing Facility 30-Day All-Cause Readmission Measure (SNFRM) For LTCH Setting (NQF #2512): All-Cause Unplanned Readmission Measure for 30 Days Post Discharge from Long-Term Care Hospitals (LTCHs) HH Services (NQF #2380):Rehospitalization During the First 30 Days of 20 Home Health Measures Under Consideration: Phased Approach The totality of the measures considered for use for the purposes of meeting the requirements of the IMPACT Act will evolve over time in a phased approach. To meet statutorily required FY/CY 2017 timelines, our
review and consideration was given to measures that: Address a current area for improvement Consider measures in place in post-acute care quality reporting programs, and are: already endorsed and in place, finalized for use already previewed by the MAP with support Minimize burden 21 Stakeholder Input and Comments http:// www.cms.gov/Medicare/Quality-Initiatives-Pa
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