Unit 5 Vocabulary Hands Across the Hemisphere Illustrated

Unit 5 Vocabulary Hands Across the Hemisphere Illustrated

Unit 5 Vocabulary Hands Across the Hemisphere Illustrated Glossary Aztec

a member of a Nahuatl-speaking people that founded the Mexican empire conquered by Cortes in 1519 beret

a soft, round hat without a brim that is traditionally worn angled to one side Campesinos a native of a Latin-American rural area; especially a

Latin-American Indian farmer or farm laborer Conquistadors Spanish conquerors who hunted for treasure in the New World and agreed to give one fifth of Spain

part of any treasures they found country a nation or state; a region, territory, or large tract of land

distinguishable by features of topography, biology, or culture cuisine a style of preparing food

culture the way of life of people who share similar customs and beliefs. This includes characteristics of people such as language, music, art, food, religion, clothing and

holidays cultural diversity peoples who have differences in language, gender, socioeconomic class, religion, and other human

characteristics and traits cultural exchange a process in which different cultures share ideas and ways of doing things, often called cultural diffusion

empanada a Spanish or Latin America turnover filled with a sweet or savory filling

empathy the ability to understand others responses to a situation by identifying their own responses to a similar situation ethnic group

a group of people who share a language, a religion, a history and cultural traditions Francophone

of, having, or belonging to a population using French as its first or sometimes second language human rights legal, political, and moral claims to conditions necessary for the wellbeing of individuals. Philosophically, human rights are based on

concepts of human dignity and nondiscrimination among individuals. Legally, these rights are based on national constitutions, laws, and international treaties that oblige governments to behave in certain ways toward persons under their authority. immune

having a high degree of resistance to a disease; to be safe from getting a disease Inca

a member of the Quechuan peoples of Peru maintaining an empire until the Spanish conquest independence free from the influence or control of

another; self-governing Inuit a member of a group of Eskimoan peoples inhabiting the Arctic from northern Alaska eastward to eastern

Greenland, particularly those of Canada Maya a member of a group of Indian peoples chiefly of Yucatn, Belize, and Guatemala whose languages are

Mayan Mestizos people of mixed Spanish and Native American descent. Most Latin Americans are Mestizos

New World the term used by European explorers when referring to the newly explored land of the Western Hemisphere

Parti Quebecois political group that wants independence for Quebec Quiet Revolution (1976) -

In 1976 an overwhelming majority of Quebecers voted the Parti Quebecois into office. Times seemed auspicious for Quebec independence. One of the Parti Quebecois' first moves was to pass a French-only law, even though French had already been made the sole official language of Quebec in 1974. Bill 101, the French Language Charter, reflected the Quebecois' fear of becoming a

minority in their own province. referendum the principle or practice of submitting to popular vote a measure passed on or proposed by a legislative body or

by popular initiative refugee one that flees; especially a person who flees to a foreign country or power to escape danger or persecution

rural of or relating to the country, country people or life, or agriculture

Separatists an advocate of independence or autonomy for a part of a political unit (as a nation) squatter

one that settles on property without right or title or payment of rent urban

of, relating to, characteristic of, or constituting a city Western Hemisphere the half of the earth comprised of North and South America and its surrounding waters

Important People Jacques Cartier French navigator & explorer for Francis I; explored Gulf of Saint Lawrence (1534),

sailed up Saint Lawrence River to site of Montreal (1535) Fidel Castro 1926- Cuban leader (1959- ); instituted communist

regime; repelled Bay of Pigs invasion (1961) Raul Castro Fidel Castros brother and new leader of Cuba. Raul Castro has always been known as Fidel's enforcer

the ideologically hard-line, iron-fisted watchdog of his big brother's regime. Christopher Columbus Genoese navigator & explorer for Spain; with the Santa Mara,

Nia, and Pinta sailed from Spain and landed (Oct. 12) at island in the Bahamas; made additional voyages in 1493, 1498, and 1502; explored Caribbean islands, coast of Central America, South America Hernando Cortes

Spanish conquistador; conquered Aztec Empire for Spain (1519-21); made governor of Mexico (1523) Bartolome de las Casas

Spanish Dominican missionary & historian; secured passage of laws to protect Indians from slavery; wrote several works on America Evita Peron

wife of president of Argentina (1946-55, 1973-74); claimed to speak for the people; brought about economic reforms and public works, but administration marked by graft, suppression of civil liberties Francisco Pizarro

Spanish conquistador; conquered Peru and founded Lima as new capital Diego Rivera Mexican painter; a leader of Mexican politico-social school

of painting; best known for leftist-oriented murals on native historical themes

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