Physics, Pharmacy, and the Future Richard P. McCall,

Physics, Pharmacy, and the Future
Richard P. McCall, Ph.D.
Professor of Physics
Chair, Department of Basic Sciences
St. Louis College of Pharmacy
St. Louis, Missouri

ABSTRACT
Teaching at a college of pharmacy, I learned early on that it was important to point out the relevance of physics to students. I spent time looking for applications specifically in a pharmacy setting, as well as applications to
other courses in the curriculum, including anatomy and physiology. Now in my 18th year of teaching an IPLS course at STLCOP, the College is looking to expand our physics offerings as we begin two new B.S. degree programs
this fall. We are also planning a new physics laboratory, with new experiments and equipment. As a new department chair, I am looking for two new physics faculty to develop these courses, labs, and experiments, as well as
to develop more advanced elective courses appropriate for life sciences students..

PHYSICS IN THE PHARMACY

Converging lens
Power
+1.00 D, +1.25 D, +1.50 D, +2.00 D, +2.50 D,
.
Hyperopia (farsightedness) or presbyopia
near point is farther from eye for comfortable
person needs to see close objects clearly
Example
near point at 40.0 cm, object at 20.0 cm
P = +2.50 D

Earplugs

Difference of two intensity levels related to ratio
of two intensities
I1
1 2 10 log
I2

I1
10
I2

10

NRR - used to rate effectiveness of earplugs
Typical values range from 12 to 33 dB

Syringes and needles
Flow rate
Flow rate equation
Viscosity
Poiseuilles law

PHYSICS AND PHYSIOLOGY
The Eye

Acts like a converging lens to produce a real image
Most refraction occurs at the cornea
Lens small amount of refraction needed for
proper focus accommodation
To see distant objects
ciliary muscle is relaxed, largest diameter
ligaments pull outward on lens flatter shape
To see close objects
ciliary muscle is tense, smaller diameter
ligaments lose tension on lens fatter shape
As a person ages
lens becomes denser and less flexible
does not relax to its fatter shape
difficulty seeing close objects (presbyopia)

The Middle Ear

Eardrum, ossicles, and Eustachian tube
Ossicles malleus (hammer) is connected to the
eardrum; incus (anvil); stapes (stirrup) connected
to oval window
Create much larger force on oval window needed
for wave motion in fluid of inner ear
This increased force is a result of two factors.
surface area of eardrum compared to stapes

V
Q
Av
t

THE FUTURE OF PHYSICS AT STLCOP

A1v1 A2 v2
4

Two new integrated BS/PharmD programs starting Fall 2014
New physics courses being developed
New physics laboratory coming soon

4

r p r p
Q

8L
8 L
Dependence on radius to the 4th power: r4
Needle is rate-limiting step in IV fluid flow
Pressure difference along needle depends on
height (or depth) of fluid p gh
pressure in vein

BS in Health Sciences
Physics I and Physics I

BS in Health Humanities
Principles of Physics

Pre-Prof & Prof Year 1 Curriculum for the Integrated BSHS/PharmD (129 credit hours)

Pre-Prof & Prof Year 1 Curriculum for the Integrated BSHH/PharmD (128 credit hours)

FRESHMAN YEAR

FRESHMAN YEAR

Fall
Biology I
Chemistry I
College Writing I
Pre-Calculus/Calculus/Statistics
Foundations of Learning

4
4
3
3
2
TOTAL 16

Spring
Biology II
Chemistry II
College Writing II
Pre-Calculus/Calculus/Statistics
Introduction to Healthcare

4
4
3
3
2
TOTAL 16

Fall
Biology I
Chemistry I
College Writing I
Pre-Calculus/Calculus/Statistics
Foundations of Learning

SOPHOMORE YEAR
Fall

Tablets

Scoring surface makes breaking tablet easier
Torque, elastic limit
Glynase PresTab Tablet
For Type II diabetes
Special shape allows tablet to be split using
one hand
Range of size: 45 to 55% in each piece

4
4
3
3
3
TOTAL 17

Spring
Biology II
Chemistry II
College Writing II
Pre-Calculus/Calculus/Statis tics
Introduction to Healthcare

4
4
3
3
2
TOTAL 16

SOPHOMORE YEAR
Spring

Anatomy
Chemistry III
Humanities I
Statistics/Sociology/Psychology
Literature or Social Science

4
4
3
3
2
TOTAL 16

Physiology
Chemistry IV
Humanities II
Sociology/Psychology
Literature or Social Science

Fall
4
4
3
3
3
TOTAL 17

Spring

Anatomy
Chemistry III
Humanities I
Statistics/Sociology/Psychology
Literature or Social Science

4
4
3
3
3
TOTAL 17

Physiology
Chemistry IV
Humanities II
Sociology/Psychology
Literature or Social Science

4
4
3
3
3
TOTAL 17

JUNIOR YEAR
Fall
Spring
Microbiology or Biochemistry
4 Microbiology or Biochemistry
4
Physics I
4 Physics II
4
Humanities Selective
3 Scientific or Professional Writing Select ive
3
Microeconomics w/Healthcare Emphasis or
Microeconomics w/Healthcare Emphasis or
Healthcare Communication
3 Healthcare Communication
3
Bio/Phys/Health Sci Elective or Open
3 or 0 Open or Bio/Phys/Health Sci Elective
0 or 3
TOTAL 17 or 14
TOTAL 14 or 17

JUNIOR YEAR
Fall
Spring
Microbiology or Biochemistry
4 Microbiology or Biochemistry
4
Principles of Physics
4 Health Humanities Selective (Option 1)
3
Humanities Selective
3 Scientific/Professional Writing Selective (Op 2) 3
Microeconomics w/Healthcare Emphasis OR
Microeconomics w/Healthcare Emphasis OR
Healthcare Communication
3 Healthcare Communication
3
Free elective
3
Health Humanities Selective (Option 3)
3
TOTAL 17
TOTAL 16

PROFESSIONAL YEAR 1

PROFESSIONAL YEAR 1

Fall
Principles of Drug Action

Spring
4

Intro to Patient Care

4

Fall
Principles of Drug Action

Spring
4

Innovative Applied
Pharmaceutics I
2

(students can take the proficiency
test up to week 4 of the semester)

(semester long course)

Principles of Molecular Bio/
Genetics (w/lab)
Public Health Fundamentals
in Pharmacy
AND
IPPE: Clin Prev/Pop Health
Medical Physiology

Skills Lab

1

1

(pre-lab lecture + 2-hr lab; coordinate w/all courses; calculations
refresher)

Innovative Applied Pharmaceutics II
3
3

4

Pharmacy
Calculations

Innovative Applied
Pharmaceutics I
2

(students can take the proficiency
test up to week 4 of the semester)

(semester long course)

Principles of Molecular Bio/ Genetics (w/lab)

3

(coordinate w/ skills lab as appropriate)

Basic Drug Info/Intro to EBM
& Informatics
AND
Principles of Immunology

3 Other Elective
TOTAL 16

4

(Intro, Wellness & Self Care, Derm)

(Intro, Wellness & Self Care, Derm)

Pharmacy
Calculations

Intro to Patient Care
Skills Lab

1

(pre-lab lecture + 2-hr lab; coordinate w/all courses; calculations
refresher)

Innovative Applied Pharmaceutics II

4

(coordinate w/ skills lab as appropriate)

2

2
3
TOTAL 16

Public Health Fundamentals
in Pharmacy
AND
IPPE: Clin Prev/Pop Health
Medical Physiology

3

1

Basic Drug Info/Intro to EBM
& Informatics
AND
Principles of Immunology

3
(open)
TOTAL 16

Need new faculty interested in developing IPLS courses

2

2
TOTAL 13

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