Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline Original timeline

Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline Original timeline

Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline Original timeline provided by Air Force History & Museums Program U.S. Air Force 2003 Research provided by Air Force History Support Office Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1900s Click on the dates below to learn more 1900 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline

1900 Wars & Conflicts 1900 1901 Philippine Insurrection Boxer Rebellion Technology Transatlantic radio (Morse code) 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1903 Aerospace Events Wright Brothers Flight at

Kitty Hawk, NC Dec. 17, 1903 First flight, 1903 1900 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1904 Technology 1900 1901 Diode Photoelectric cell

1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1905 Technology 1900 1901 Vacuum radio tube 1902 1903 1904 1905

1906 1907 1908 1909 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1906 Wars & Conflicts 1900 1901 U.S. Troops sent to Cuba Moro Rebellion (Philippines) Technology Triode 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908

1909 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1907 Wars & Conflicts 1900 1901 U.S. Marines intervene in Honduras Technology Gnome rotary engine aircraft 1902 1903 1904 Aeronautical Section of the Signal Corps 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909

Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1909 Wars & Conflicts U.S. Troops sent to Nicaragua Aerospace Events First U.S. military aircraft delivered 1909 Flyer at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force 1900 1901 Significant Aircraft Wright Military Flyer 1902 1903 1904 Aeronautical Section of the Signal Corps 1905 1906 1907 1908

1909 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1910s Click on the dates below to learn more 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1910 Aerospace Events

1910 1911 First takeoff from a ship First landing on a ship Technology Air-to-ground radio Munitions Hand-dropped bombs Aerial torpedo 1912 1913 1914 Aeronautical Section of the Signal Corps 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1911 Wars & Conflicts

1910 1911 First use of an aircraft in war Aerospace Events First catapult launch Technology Superconductivity discovered [Additional events will automatically appear] 1912 1913 1914 Aeronautical Section of the Signal Corps 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1911 Significant Aircraft

Curtiss Model D Munitions Aerial machine gun Curtiss Model D at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 Aeronautical Section of the Signal Corps 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1912 Wars & Conflicts 1910

1911 U.S. Marines intervene in Nicaragua Significant Aircraft Burgess Model H Munitions Bomb release racks 1912 1913 1914 Aeronautical Section of the Signal Corps 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1913 Wars & Conflicts 1910

1911 Moro Rebellion (Philippines) Technology Autopilot (gyroscope) 1912 1913 1914 Aeronautical Section of the Signal Corps 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1914 Wars & Conflicts World War I begins Technology Transatlantic telephone Air Force Organization

Primary purpose is observation for infantry and artillery Munitions Leaflet bombs 1910 1911 1912 1913 Aviation Section (Signal Corps) 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1915 Wars & Conflicts 1910 1911

Lusitania sunk by U-boat U.S. Marines intervene in Haiti German saboteurs blow up NJ munitions dump Munitions Bomb sights Interruptor gear (allowed flying machine gun through propeller) 1912 1913 Aviation Section (Signal Corps) 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1916 Wars & Conflicts U.S. Troops occupy Dominican Republic

General Pershing pursues Pancho Villa into Mexico USS Housatonic sunk by Uboat Technology Air-to-Air radio Significant Aircraft Pancho Villa (center) Curtiss JN-4 1910 1911 1912 1913 Aviation Section (Signal Corps) 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1917

Wars & Conflicts U.S. enters World War I Bolshevik Revolution Aerospace Events 13th Aero Squadron aircraft, August 1918 1910 1911 First scheduled Air Mail delivery [Additional events will automatically appear] 1912 1913 Aviation Section (Signal Corps) 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 Air and Space Power

Interactive Timeline 1917 Air Force Organization Nieuport 11 armed with rockets for attacking observation balloons War broadened use of air power: beginning of air combat to deny enemy reconnaissance; bombing and strafing of enemy ground forces Munitions Incendiary bombs High explosives 1910 1911 1912 1913 Aviation Section (Signal Corps) 1914 1915 1916 1917

1918 1919 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1918 Technology Liberty 12-cylinder aircraft engine Significant Aircraft DH-4 Martin MB-2 Munitions Air-delivered sea mines DH-4 (top) and MB-2 (bottom) at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force 1910 1911 1912 1913 United States Army Air Service 1914 1915

1916 1917 1918 1919 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1919 Significant Aircraft 1910 1911 Thomas-Morse MB-3 1912 1913 United States Army Air Service 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919

Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1920s Click on the dates below to learn more 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1920 Aerospace Events Alaska flight in DH-4s (New York to Nome)

Technology Magnetron Gen. Billy Mitchell congratulates Capt. St. Clair Streett upon the return of the first Alaskan flight 1920 1921 1922 1923 United States Army Air Service 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1921 Aerospace Events Billy Mitchell sinks Battleship Ostfriesland

To prove the prowess of the air, Gen. Billy Mitchell used aircraft to bomb salvaged U.S. Navy ships 1920 1921 1922 1923 United States Army Air Service 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1922 Aerospace Events First non-stop coast-to-coast fl ight The first transcontinental flight across the United States within a

24-hour period was made by Lt. Jimmy Doolittle on Sept. 4, 1922 1920 1921 1922 1923 United States Army Air Service 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1923 Technology 1920 1921 Radio Navaids

Munitions RDX explosives 1922 1923 United States Army Air Service 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1924 Aerospace Events First aerial circumnavigation of the globe All four Douglas World Cruisers Technology Liquid-fueled rockets Wright J-5 Whirlwind radial engine

Significant Aircraft P-1 1920 1921 1922 1923 United States Army Air Service 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1925 Aerospace Events Byrd flies over North Pole Air Force Organization Billy Mitchells fight for aviation independence highlighted by his courtmartial

Significant Aircraft O-2 Billy Mitchell 1920 1921 1922 C-1 1923 United States Army Air Service 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1926 Wars & Conflicts U.S. Troops sent to Nicaragua Air Force Organization

C-2 at Teterboro Field, NJ U.S. Army Air Corps formed Purpose of aviation is to destroy enemy aircraft and attack enemy ground forces; controlled by ground commander Significant Aircraft 1920 1921 1922 1923 United States Army Air Corps C-2 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1927

Aerospace Events Lindbergh flies solo across Atlantic Technology Television A-3, October 1927 1920 1921 Significant Aircraft A-3 1922 1923 United States Army Air Corps 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1928

Significant Aircraft P-12 P-12 at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force 1920 1921 1922 1923 United States Army Air Corps 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1929 Aerospace Events Jimmy Doolittle makes first all-instrument flight

Instrument panel used by Jimmy Doolittle on first blind flight 1920 1921 Munitions 500-lb. bombs Dive-bombing 1922 1923 United States Army Air Corps 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1930s Click on the dates below to learn more 1930

1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1930 Significant Aircraft 1930 1931 O-25 1932 1933 United States Army Air Corps

1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1931 Wars & Conflicts Sino-Japanese Conflict begins Munitions Norden bombsight Norden M-1 bombsight 1930 1931 1932 1933 United States Army Air Corps 1934 1935

1936 1937 1938 1939 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1932 Significant Aircraft P-26 P-26A at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force 1930 1931 1932 1933 United States Army Air Corps 1934 1935 1936 1937

1938 1939 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1933 Technology 1930 1931 Klystron 1932 1933 United States Army Air Corps 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline

1934 Aerospace Events Alaska flight in B-10s (DC to Fairbanks) Technology B-10 at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force 1930 1931 Ground-based radar Significant Aircraft B-10 1932 1933 United States Army Air Corps 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939

Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1935 Air Force Organization Air units may have some role beyond land battle General HQ Air Force formed; organized for centralized training and concentrated employment; controlled by theater commander in war A-17A at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force Significant Aircraft A-17 1930 1931 1932 1933 United States Army Air Corps 1934 1935 1936 1937

1938 1939 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1936 Wars & Conflicts Spanish Civil War begins Technology Airborne radar Significant Aircraft C-33, May 1936 1930 1931 C-33 Munitions Airborne cannon 1932 1933 United States Army Air Corps 1934 1935

1936 1937 1938 1939 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1937 Wars & Conflicts Japanese attack USS Panay in Chinese waters P-35s of the 1st Pursuit Group Aerospace Events Hindenburg burns Significant Aircraft O-47 P-35 B-17 1930 1931 1932 1933 United States Army Air Corps

1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1939 Wars & Conflicts World War II begins Technology Jet aircraft (centrifugal flow turbojet) Adolf Hitler at the time he came into power in 1933 1930 1931 Munitions Air-delivered land mines 1932 1933

United States Army Air Corps 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1940s Click on the dates below to learn more 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948

1949 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1940 Air Force Organization Strategic bombing accepted as a valid function of air power Significant Aircraft P-40 P-40E at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force 1940 1941 1942 1943 United States Army Air Corps C-45 1944 1945 1946 1947

1948 1949 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1941 Wars & Conflicts Pearl Harbor Technology R-2800 radial engine Air Force Organization Army Air Forces (USAAF) formed [Additional events will automatically appear] 1940 1941 1942 1943 United States Army Air Forces 1944 1945 1946

1947 1948 1949 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1941 Significant Aircraft B-24 B-25 B-26 P-38 B-24s of the 33rd Bomb Squadron 1940 1941 C-47 [Additional events will automatically appear] 1942 1943 United States Army Air Forces 1944 1945

1946 1947 1948 1949 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1941 Munitions 4,000-lb. bombs Napalm Retarded bombs Target marking bombs A-27s in Philippines, 1941 1940 1941 1942 1943 United States Army Air Forces 1944 1945 1946 1947

1948 1949 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1942 Wars & Conflicts Guadalcanal Invasion of North Africa Aerospace Events Doolittles Raid on Tokyo B-25 takes off from the USS Hornet during the Tokyo Raid AAFs first strategic bombing of Europe First flight of P-59 (AFs first jet) [Additional events will automatically appear] 1940 1941 1942 1943 United States Army Air Forces 1944

1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1942 Significant Aircraft C-87 P-47 A-26 B-29 B-29 Bockscar at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force 1940 1941 C-46 [Additional events will automatically appear] 1942 1943 United States Army Air Forces

1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1942 Munitions Radar bombing Cluster bombs Shaped-charge warheads Skip bombing B-25 of 3rd Attack Group, 1942 1940 1941 22,000-lb. bombs Radio proximity fuze 1942 1943 United States Army Air Forces

1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1943 Wars & Conflicts Invasion of Sicily Battle of Bismarck Sea Aerospace Events V-1 cruise missile A-36A in Sicily, 1943 1940 1941 V-2 ballistic missile [Additional events will automatically appear] 1942 1943

United States Army Air Forces 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1943 Technology Nuclear reactor Air Force Organization Airmans Declaration of Independence, land and air forces are co-equal and interdependent; air superiority is first requirement in battle; controlled by Air Commander B-26B with flak damage, September 1943 [Additional events will automatically appear] 1940

1941 1942 1943 United States Army Air Forces 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1943 Significant Aircraft P-51 C-54 Munitions Radio-controlled glide bomb Hardened targets weapons P-51 taking off from Iwo Jima 1940

1941 1942 1943 United States Army Air Forces 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1944 Wars & Conflicts D-Day Anti-boat spikes along the beaches of Normandy, France MacArthur returns to Philippines Battle of the Bulge Aerospace Events First land-based bombing of

Japan [Additional events will automatically appear] 1940 1941 1942 1943 United States Army Air Forces 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1944 Technology Axial-flow turbojet Pulse-jet missile (V-1 Buzz Bomb) Air Force Organization General Arnold announces

plan to destroy Luftwaffe with air power, to make European invasion as cheap as possible Gen. Hap Arnold [Additional events will automatically appear] 1940 1941 1942 1943 United States Army Air Forces 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1944 Air Force Organization (continued) 20th Air Force activated (first

independent strategic force) Significant Aircraft P-61 P-61C at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force 1940 1941 R-4 [Additional events will automatically appear] 1942 1943 United States Army Air Forces 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1944

Munitions Air-launched rockets Radar-controlled glide bomb T-30 rocket launcher mounted on A-20 1940 1941 1942 1943 United States Army Air Forces 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1945 Wars & Conflicts Iwo Jima V-E Day Hiroshima/Nagasaki

V-J Day B-29 Enola Gay, the aircraft that dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan 1940 1941 1942 1943 United States Army Air Forces [Additional events will automatically appear] 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1945 Technology First rocket to escape atmosphere

First explosion of atomic device F-80s bound for Chanute AFB 1940 1941 Significant Aircraft F-80 1942 1943 United States Army Air Forces 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1946 Technology Turboprop engine

Air Force Organization SAC, TAC and ADC formed Significant Aircraft H-5 (originally designated R-5) 1940 1941 1942 1943 United States Army Air Forces R-5 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1947 Wars & Conflicts French-Indochina War

Palestinian War Technology Sound barrier broken by Capt. Chuck Yeager Transistor [Additional events will automatically appear] Chuck Yeager with the X-1A 1940 1941 1942 United States Air Force 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1947 Air Force Organization

USAF formed Significant Aircraft C-97 XF-84 1940 1941 F-84 H-13 1942 United States Air Force 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1948 Wars & Conflicts

Berlin Airlift Technology Soviets explode A-bomb Significant Aircraft Berlin Airlift 1940 1941 B-50 B-45 B-36 1942 United States Air Force 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline

1949 Technology Experimental ramjet aircraft Anti-iced engines Afterburning turbojets F-86A in flight 1940 1941 Significant Aircraft F-86 1942 United States Air Force 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1950s

Click on the dates below to learn more 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1950 Wars & Conflicts Korean War begins Aerospace Events First jet aircraft dogfight B-29s drop bombs on North Korean targets early in the conflict

1950 1951 Munitions Guided air-to-air rockets [Additional events will automatically appear] 1952 United States Air Force 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1950 Significant Aircraft C-121 C-131/T-29 F-94 F-94s in formation

1950 1951 1952 United States Air Force C-119 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1951 Significant Aircraft C-124 B-47 F-89 C-124C at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force

1950 1951 1952 United States Air Force 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1952 Aerospace Events British explode A-bomb U.S. explodes first H-bomb Technology J79 engine This B-52 was used to test hydrogen bomb blast effects

1950 1951 Maser Significant Aircraft H-19 1952 United States Air Force 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1953 Aerospace Events Soviets explode H-bomb Technology J57 engine

J57 engine at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force 1950 1951 Air Force Organization Three primary tasks: 1) Control the air; 2) Attack the enemys heartland; 3) Attack peripheral targets 1952 United States Air Force 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1954 Wars & Conflicts

Dien Bien Phu falls Technology Mach 2 powerplant Inertial navigation Air Force Academy graduates Air Force Organization Air Force Academy founded [Additional events will automatically appear] 1950 1951 1952 United States Air Force 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline

1954 Significant Aircraft F-100 B-57 Munitions F-100 1950 1951 Radar-guided air-to-air missile Conventional Weapons AIM-4 Falcon 1952 United States Air Force 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959

Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1955 Wars & Conflicts Suez Crisis Significant Aircraft B-52 H-21 B-52 dropping bombs 1950 1951 C-123 Nuclear Weapons/Missiles REGULUS I 1952 United States Air Force 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958

1959 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1956 Wars & Conflicts Cuban Civil War Sinai War Soviets invade Hungary U-2A at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force Significant Aircraft U-2 B-66 [Additional events will automatically appear] 1950 1951 1952 United States Air Force 1953 1954 1955 1956

1957 1958 1959 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1956 Significant Aircraft (continued) F-102 F-101 Munitions IR-guided air-to-air missile Nuclear Weapons/Missiles AIR-2 Genie F-100, F-101, F-102 and F-103 Conventional Weapons AIM-9 Sidewinder 1950 1951 1952 United States Air Force

1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1957 Aerospace Events Soviets test ICBM Dyna-Soar Project Sputnik First Atlas launch Technology Turbofan engines [Additional events will automatically appear] First U.S.-designed ballistic missile 1950 1951 1952

United States Air Force 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1957 Significant Aircraft KC-135 C-130 C-133 KC-135 refuels an SR-71 1950 1951 Conventional Weapons AIM-7 Sparrow 1952

United States Air Force 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1958 Wars & Conflicts U.S. Marines land in Beirut Taiwan Crisis Aerospace Events Explorer I NASA created First Titan launch [Additional events will automatically appear] Explorer I launch 1950

1951 1952 United States Air Force 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1958 Technology Mach 3 powerplant Significant Aircraft F-104 F-104 1950 1951 F-105

[Additional events will automatically appear] 1952 United States Air Force 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1958 Munitions Radar-controlled air-to- ground missile Nuclear Weapons/Missiles F-4C with two AGM-12 missiles 1950 1951

B-28 Conventional Weapons AGM-12 Bullpup CBU-1 1952 United States Air Force 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1959 Aerospace Events Mercury Flight Program begins Technology Satellite communications

Integrated circuits [Additional events will automatically appear] John Glenn adjusts his spacesuit 1950 1951 1952 United States Air Force 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1959 Significant Aircraft F-106 H-43

Nuclear Weapons/Missiles B-43 Snark Snark test launch 1950 1951 Atlas D/E Bomarc 1952 United States Air Force 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1960s Click on the dates below to learn more

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1960 Wars & Conflicts U-2 shot down over Soviet Union Aerospace Events French explode A-bomb X-15A-2 at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force X-15 first flight

Technology Laser [Additional events will automatically appear] 1960 1961 1962 United States Air Force 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1960 Air Force Organization Recognition of developments in missiles and space by replacing Air Power with Aerospace Power Significant Aircraft

B-58A B-58 T-39 [Additional events will automatically appear] 1960 1961 1962 United States Air Force 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1960 Munitions Gatling-type aircraft gun

Nuclear Weapons/Missiles Polaris A-1 Thor Missile & Space Gallery at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force 1960 1961 AGM-28 Hounddog Conventional Weapons M-61 20mm gun 1962 United States Air Force 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 Air and Space Power

Interactive Timeline 1961 Wars & Conflicts Vietnam War begins Bay of Pigs Aerospace Events First man in space A-37A over Vietnam, September 1972 (Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin) First American in space (Alan Shepard) [Additional events will automatically appear] 1960 1961 1962 United States Air Force 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968

1969 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1961 Aerospace Events (continued) First manned orbital spaceflight (Cosmonaut Gherman Titov) Air Force Organization AFSC formed Nuclear Weapons/Missiles Jupiter AIM 26 Jupiter missile at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force 1960 1961 1962 United States Air Force 1963 1964 1965 1966

1967 1968 1969 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1962 Wars & Conflicts Berlin Crisis Cuban Missile Crisis Aerospace Events Photo of SA-2 launch sites taken during Cuban Missile Crisis First Saturn I launch Technology Modern Cryogenics leads to development of Infrared technology [Additional events will automatically appear] 1960 1961 1962 United States Air Force 1963

1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1962 Nuclear Weapons/Missiles Titan I Polaris A-2 Pershing 1A Atlas F Missile & Space Gallery at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force 1960 1961 1962 United States Air Force 1963

Minuteman I 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1963 Aerospace Events John Glenn orbits Earth First multi-crew spaceflight (Voskhod I) First woman in space (Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova) F-4C over South Vietnam, 1967 Significant Aircraft F-4 [Additional events will automatically appear] 1960 1961 1962

United States Air Force 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1963 Munitions Antiradiation missile TV-guided glide bomb Nuclear Weapons/Missiles B-53 Missile & Space Gallery at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force 1960 1961

Titan II Conventional Weapons AGM-45 Shrike 1962 United States Air Force 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1964 Aerospace Events Gemini Flight Program begins Air Force Organization Introduces policy of flexible response

Gemini 6 launch (courtesy of NASA Johnson Space Center) 1960 1961 [Additional events will automatically appear] 1962 United States Air Force 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1964 Significant Aircraft CH-3 UH-1 YF-12 F-5

YF-12 takeoff 1960 1961 Nuclear Weapons/Missiles Polaris A-3 1962 United States Air Force 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1965 Aerospace Events Chinese explode A-bomb First spacewalk (Voskhod II)

Significant Aircraft C-141 final flight at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force C-141 Nuclear Weapons/Missiles Minuteman II Conventional Weapons CBU-24 1960 1961 1962 United States Air Force 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline

1966 Air Force Organization Army/Air Force close air support agreement Significant Aircraft SR-71 SR-71 1960 1961 1962 United States Air Force 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1967

Wars & Conflicts Six-Day War Aerospace Events Apollo Flight Program begins Chinese explode H-bomb Technology Fiber optics Apollo capsule (courtesy of NASA Glenn Research Center) 1960 1961 1962 United States Air Force 1963 1964 [Additional events will automatically appear] 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969

Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1967 Significant Aircraft F-111 CH-53 F-106A with AGM-78 ARM mounted on the right wing 1960 1961 Munitions Runway-cratering munition Conventional Weapons AGM-78 Standard ARM 1962 United States Air Force 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968

1969 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1968 Wars & Conflicts USS Pueblo incident Soviets invade Czechoslavakia Aerospace Events A-7D formation First Saturn V launch Significant Aircraft A-7D [Additional events will automatically appear] 1960 1961 1962 United States Air Force 1963 1964 1965

1966 1967 1968 1969 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1968 Nuclear Weapons/Missiles 1960 1961 B-61 Conventional Weapons MK-20 Paveway I LGB 1962 United States Air Force 1963 1964 1965 1966

1967 1968 1969 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1969 Aerospace Events First man on the moon (Apollo XI) Munitions Laser-guided bomb Apollo astronaut on the moon (courtesy of NASA Glenn Research Center) 1960 1961 1962 United States Air Force 1963 1964 1965 1966

1967 1968 1969 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1970s Click on the dates below to learn more 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline

1970 Technology Large-scale integrated circuits Significant Aircraft C-9 C-9 1970 1971 C-5 Nuclear Weapons/Missiles Minuteman III 1972 United States Air Force 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 Air and Space Power

Interactive Timeline 1971 Air Force Organization 1970 1971 Recognized need for more deterrence from general purpose forces; introduced Role of Air Forces in Space ADC stands down Nuclear Weapons/Missiles Poseiden C-3 1972 United States Air Force 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 Air and Space Power

Interactive Timeline 1972 Technology First kinetic kill satellite intercept (Soviet ASAT) Munitions TV-guided air-to-ground missiles FB-111A loaded with four AGM69 SRAMs Nuclear Weapons/Missiles AGM-69 SRAM Lance 1970 1971 1972 United States Air Force 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978

1979 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1973 Wars & Conflicts Yom Kippur War Aerospace Events Skylab launches A-10A with two AGM-65 missiles 1970 1971 Conventional Weapons AGM-65 TV Maverick 1972 United States Air Force 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978

1979 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1974 Aerospace Events 1970 1971 India explodes A-bomb 1972 United States Air Force 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline

1975 Wars & Conflicts USS Mayaguez incident Air Force Organization Introduced combined doctrine, centralized control and decentralized execution Mayaguez rescue 1970 1971 [Additional events will automatically appear] 1972 United States Air Force 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 Air and Space Power

Interactive Timeline 1975 Significant Aircraft AWACS F-15 A-10 F-15s in flight 1970 1971 1972 United States Air Force 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1977

Aerospace Events Space Shuttle Flight Program begins Munitions Depleted Uranium (nonexplosive) gun ammo Space shuttle (courtesy of NASA Glenn Research Center) Conventional Weapons GAU-8 30 mm gun Paveway II LGB 1970 1971 1972 United States Air Force 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 Air and Space Power

Interactive Timeline 1978 Technology Particle beams Significant Aircraft F-16 F-16 1970 1971 1972 United States Air Force 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1979

Technology 1970 1971 Very large-scale integrated circuits Ring-laser Gyros Nuclear Weapons/Missiles Trident C-4 1972 United States Air Force 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1980s Click on the dates below to learn more

1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1980 Wars & Conflicts Soviet intervention in Afghanistan Iran Hostage Crisis Abortive Iran Rescue Raid Recently freed Americans held hostage in Iran disembark Freedom One, 1981 1980

1981 1982 United States Air Force 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1981 Wars & Conflicts Israeli planes destroy Iraqi reactor USN F-14s shoot down Libyan MIGs Aerospace Events Space Shuttle Columbia liftoff (courtesy of NASA Kennedy Space Center) Space Shuttle Columbia

makes first orbital flight [Additional events will automatically appear] 1980 1981 1982 United States Air Force 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1981 Technology Low-observable (stealth) technology Airborne laser lab Significant Aircraft KC-10

1980 1981 KC-10 [Additional events will automatically appear] 1982 United States Air Force 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1981 Nuclear Weapons/Missiles 1980 1981 ALCM-B

SLCM Conventional Weapons GBU-15 GPU-5 30mm gun pod 1982 United States Air Force 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1982 Wars & Conflicts 1980 1981 Falklands Air Force Organization

Space Command formed Conventional Weapons Paveway III LLLGB 1982 United States Air Force 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1983 Wars & Conflicts Israel occupies Lebanon Marines bombed in Beirut U.S. Troops intervene in Grenada Memorial service for Marine and Navy personnel killed in an explosion in Beirut on October 23, 1983

Aerospace Events First American woman in space (Sally Ride) [Additional events will automatically appear] 1980 1981 1982 United States Air Force 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1983 Air Force Organization Army/Air Force agree on Airland Doctrine Significant Aircraft

F-117 F-117 Nuclear Weapons/Missiles GLCM B-83 Pershing II 1980 1981 1982 United States Air Force 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1984 Aerospace Events

First untethered spacewalk (Bruce McCandless) First recovery and repair of satellite in space (Solar Max) U.S. achieves kinetic kill of ICBM RV in space (Homing Overlay Experiment) [Additional events will automatically appear] Bruce McCandless (courtesy of NASA Johnson Space Center) 1980 1981 1982 United States Air Force 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1984

Aerospace Events (continued) First satellite recovery and return to Earth (Discovery/Palapa B and Westar 6) Technology High maneuverability research started with X-29 [Additional events will automatically appear] 1980 1981 1982 United States Air Force 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1984

Significant Aircraft C-21A Munitions IR-guided air-to-surface missile C-21A Conventional Weapons Durandal AGM-88 Harm Improved 2,000-lb. bomb 1980 1981 1982 United States Air Force 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 Air and Space Power

Interactive Timeline 1985 Wars & Conflicts 1980 1981 Libyan Airstrike Conventional Weapons CBU-89 Gator AGM-65 IIR Maverick AGM-84 Harpoon 1982 United States Air Force 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline

1986 Aerospace Events Challenger explodes Voyager aircraft circles globe unrefueled Air Force Organization Packard Commission Space Shuttle Challenger accident (courtesy of NASA Johnson Space Center) Goldwater-Nichols [Additional events will automatically appear] 1980 1981 1982 United States Air Force 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989

Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1986 Significant Aircraft B-1B Conventional Weapons CBU-87 CEM GBU-15 (TV) B-1B 1980 1981 1982 United States Air Force 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 Air and Space Power

Interactive Timeline 1987 Wars & Conflicts Reflagging of Kuwaiti Tankers USS Stark hit by Exocet missile Air Force Organization The Air Campaign by Col. John Warden published Technology IR-guided glide bomb [Additional events will automatically appear] 1980 1981 1982 United States Air Force 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989

Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1987 Nuclear Weapons/Missiles 1980 1981 Peacekeeper Conventional Weapons GBU-15 (IIR) Conventional ALCM 1982 United States Air Force 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 Air and Space Power

Interactive Timeline 1988 Aerospace Events Space shuttle returns to flight Significant Aircraft HH-60 Space shuttle returns to flight (courtesy of NASA) Munitions Inertial guidance technology demo [Additional events will automatically appear] 1980 1981 1982 United States Air Force 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988

1989 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1988 Munitions (continued) 1980 1981 Smart submunitions and mines Conventional Weapons GBU-27 1982 United States Air Force 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 Air and Space Power

Interactive Timeline 1989 Aerospace Events Cosmonauts Titov and Manarov spend one year in orbit aboard MIR Technology Earth penetration testing for nuclear devices Nuclear Weapons/Missiles Cosmonaut Vladimir Titov (courtesy of NASA Johnson Space Center) 1980 1981 1982 United States Air Force 1983 1984 Trident D-5 1985 1986 1987

1988 1989 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1990s Click on the dates below to learn more 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1990

Wars & Conflicts Gulf War begins U.S. Troops intervene in Panama Berlin Wall falls A crane removes a section of the Berlin Wall 1990 1991 Aerospace Events Solar optical telescope [Additional events will automatically appear] 1992 United States Air Force 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline

1990 Technology 1990 1991 Smart skins Air Force Organization Global Reach - Global Power AFSOCOM formed PEOs established [Additional events will automatically appear] 1992 United States Air Force 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1990

Significant Aircraft VC-25A (AF 1) E-8A Munitions Autonomous guidance for conventional weapons VC-25A 1990 1991 1992 United States Air Force 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1991

Wars & Conflicts Balkans Air Campaigns Official breakup of Soviet Union Aerospace Events Hubble space telescope Patriots intercept SCUDs in Gulf War Hubble space telescope (courtesy of NASA Johnson Space Center) 1990 1991 1992 United States Air Force 1993 1994 [Additional events will automatically appear] 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Air and Space Power

Interactive Timeline 1991 Munitions Sensor-fuzed munitions Nuclear Weapons/Missiles AGM-129 AGM-129A at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force 1990 1991 Conventional Weapons GBU-28 AIM-120 AMRAAM 1992 United States Air Force 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999

Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1992 Wars & Conflicts Operations Southern Watch a nd Northern Watch Air Force Organization Air Combat and Air Mobility commands formed (SAC, TAC and MAC stand down) F-16CJ returns after completing an Operation Northern Watch mission AFMC formed (merged AFSC and AFLC) [Additional events will automatically appear] 1990 1991 1992 United States Air Force 1993 1994 1995 1996

1997 1998 1999 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1992 Significant Aircraft C-17 Munitions GPS guidance concept demo Conventional Weapons C-17 1990 1991 AGM-142 1992 United States Air Force 1993 1994 1995

1996 1997 1998 1999 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1993 Wars & Conflicts 1990 1991 U.S. Troops intervene in Somalia 1992 United States Air Force 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998

1999 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1994 Wars & Conflicts 1990 1991 U.S. Troops intervene in Haiti Technology Super cruise engine Conventional Weapons AGM-130 1992 United States Air Force 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999

Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1995 Air Force Organization Base reduction and closing Significant Aircraft T-6A Global Hawk (first flight) T-6A 1990 1991 Predator (first flight) Munitions Miniature munitions technology 1992 United States Air Force 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997

1998 1999 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1996 Wars & Conflicts Khobar Towers (Saudi Arabia) Aerospace Events Russian/U.S. spaceflights Aftermath of terrorist attack on Khobar Towers in Saudi Arabia Technology All-composite airframes Advanced thrust vectoring [Additional events will automatically appear] 1990 1991 1992 United States Air Force 1993 1994 1995

1996 1997 1998 1999 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1996 Technology (continued) Integrated cockpit/avionics Integrated high-performance turbine engine technology Info warfare Air Force Organization Global engagement Six AF Core Competencies Joint Vision 2010 1990 1991 1992 United States Air Force 1993 1994 1995

1996 1997 1998 1999 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1997 Air Force Organization HQ Air Force Doctrine Center established at Maxwell AFB, AL Air Force 50th Anniversary Significant Aircraft B-2 F-22 ABL (Milestone I) B-2 (top) and F-22 (bottom) [Additional events will automatically appear] 1990 1991 1992 United States Air Force 1993

1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1997 Conventional Weapons 1990 1991 CBU-97 SFW GAM (LOC on B-2) 1992 United States Air Force 1993 1994 1995 1996

1997 1998 1999 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1998 Significant Aircraft 1990 1991 JSF (Concept Demo) Munitions Hypersonics Conventional Weapons GBU-31/32 AGM-154 1992 United States Air Force 1993 1994 1995 1996

1997 1998 1999 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1999 Aerospace Events Space Station construction begins USAF Col. Eileen Collins, who had been the first woman space shuttle pilot in 1995, became the first woman space shuttle mission commander [Additional events will automatically appear] Col. Eileen M. Collins 1990 1991 1992 United States Air Force 1993 1994 1995

1996 1997 1998 1999 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 1999 Air Force Organization 1990 1991 Aerospace Expeditionary Forces established Munitions AGM-154A launched for first time against Iraqi air defense site Directed energy weapons 1992 United States Air Force 1993 1994 1995

1996 1997 1998 1999 Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 2000s Click on the dates below to learn more 2000 2001 2002 Additional Resources Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 2000 Aerospace Events First permanent human presence in space (International Space Station) Significant Aircraft International Space Station

concept (courtesy of NASA Marshall Space Flight Center) Boeing unveiled its X-45A Uninhabited Combat Air Vehicle [Additional events will automatically appear] 2000 2001 2002 United States Air Force Additional Resources Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 2000 Significant Aircraft (continued) Defense Department chose Lockheed Martin over Boeing to build Joint Strike Fighter (F-35) Conventional Weapons F-35 2000 2001 WCMD

AGM-158 2002 United States Air Force Additional Resources Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 2001 Wars & Conflicts U.S. Troops intervene in Afghanistan (Enduring Freedom) Aftermath of terrorist attack on Pentagon, September 11, 2001 Twin Towers and Pentagon attacked Munitions First use of a passengercarrying aircraft as a Weapon of Mass Destruction [Additional events will automatically appear] 2000 2001 2002 United States Air Force Additional Resources

Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 2001 Conventional Weapons AIM-9X (LRIP) Removing raydome cover from AIM-9X 2000 2001 2002 United States Air Force Additional Resources Air and Space Power Interactive Timeline 2002 Munitions Introduction of Predator B (RQ-9) First use of thermobaric munition (BLU-118/B) in combat Predator 2000

2001 2002 United States Air Force Additional Resources Air and Space Power RESOURCES Interactive Timeline 2000 Additional Online Resources National Museum of the United States Air Force Air Force Link Air Force Historical Research Agency Air Force Historical Foundation Defense Visual Information Center National Archives National Personnel Records Center 2001 2002 United States Air Force Additional Resources

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