PAKISTAN POWER SECTOR BACK-GROUND, PRESENT SITUATION & FUTURE
PAKISTAN POWER SECTOR BACK-GROUND, PRESENT SITUATION & FUTURE PLANS POWER SECTOR - BACKGROUND WAPDA was formed in 1958. The major responsibilities of WAPDA were; Meet electricity demand of the country (except area of Karachi) by installing new power plants, transmission lines and distribution system. Develop hydro storage project ( dams) for meeting irrigation and demand of the country and install hydro plants at dams locations. 2 POWER POWER SECTOR SECTOR-- BACKGROUND BACKGROUND WAPDA Had Two Wings; 1. Power wing Responsible for power matters
2. Water wing Responsible for water matters The WAPDA AUTHORITY consisted of; Chairman Member Power- Head of Power wing Member Water Head of Water wing Member Finance Head of Financial matters 3 POWER SECTOR - BACKGROUND SECTIONS OF POWER WING WAPDA 1. 2. 3. 4. Hydro Generation plants Thermal Generation plants Transmission lines and grid stations Distribution network for consumers 4
POWER SECTOR - BACKGROUND 1. The GoP approved Pakistan Power Sector Strategic Plan for restructuring and reform in 1992. 2. PEPCO was established in 1998 as an independent entity with mandate to split Power wing of WAPDA into various entities and then corporatize & commercialize the restructured entities. 3. PEPCO initiated the restructuring and reform process in 1998. The reform process was considerably slowed down beyond 2001 when PEPCO was reduced to a Division in WAPDA. 4. The GoP reactivated the mandate of PEPCO in October 2007 to bridge the increasing demand supply gap and to reduce the resulting load shedding in the country 5. By the end of 2011, everybody was fed up with PEPCO, and now the restructured entities are being managed by the Ministry of Water & Power directly. 5 PEPCO SYSTEM 1. 2. 3. 4.
Hydro Generation (Remains with WAPDA) Thermal Generation 4 GENCOs Transmission 1 NTDC Distribution 10 DISCOs 6 Consumers vs Consumption Pattern No. of Consumers Consumption Consumers (As on 30th Jun 2013) (Jul 2012 - Jun 2013) Category Nos. % age Billion % age units
66 % ( Mostly on oil) 12 Reasons For Price Hike Of Cost Of Electricity Oil Prices are beyond control of Pakistan Depletion of natural gas reserves Non-conducive circumstances for foreign investments (national/regional instability) Delay in exploitation of indigenous resources, i.e. Thar Coal in South and huge hydel potential in Northen Areas Theft of Electricity 13 PEPCO SYSTEM HISTORICAL SURPLUS / DEFICIT Years Available Capability
Country 22199 23407 24792 26261 27896 29647 31562 33604 35822 38127 Diversity Factor 1.01 is applied to get country demand NTDC demand is PMS based prepared in March 2012 KESC demand is Regression Based prepared in January 2011 16 Existing Transmission Network of NTDC
500/220 kV Transformers (14,850 MVA) 220/132 kV Transformers (18,044 MVA) 500 kV Lines (5,078 km) 220 kV Lines (7,947 km) 18 Long Term Transmission Expansion Plan The proposed transmission expansion plan upto 2030 will be able to transmit about 90,000 MW power. 19 Comprehensiveness OF Transmission
Expansion Plan The Transmission Expansion Plan has been proposed to successfully and safely evacuate power from the mega hydel projects in the Northern areas and Thar Coal Power projects in the Southern part of the country. 20 Finances Required Huge Investment to the tune of about 280 Billion USD are required by 2030 for reliable Generation and Transmission Expansion to meet the Forecasted Electric Power 21 Situation after June, 2013 The present government has some aggressive plans to install coal fired plants at Gadani
Power Park and Bin Qasim Karachi to bridge the gap in supply and demand by the year 2017. The success in implementation of the plans, however depends on how much conducive environment is created for foreign investment. 22
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