Climate Action Plan (CAP) Case Western Reserve University

Climate Action Plan (CAP) Case Western Reserve University

Climate Action Plan (CAP) Case Western Reserve University 12 October 2010 Agenda afternoon morning Welcome and Introductions Direct Impact Resource Options Technologies that measurably impact greenhouse gas emissions Foundational Projects &Policies A basis upon which something stands or is supported GHG Abatement Hierarchy Direct GHG

Mitigation Options Demand for Energy People, Policies, & Practices Procurement Goods & Services: Toxicity, Packaging, Recyclability, and Energy Demand Waste: Increase Capture Rate and Material Types Alternative Transportation Strategies Reduced Commuting Strategies

Physical Systems & Technologies Supply Efficiency IT Systems: Cisco EnergyWise Combined Heat and Power Space Planning & Management Energy Policy Building Design &

Construction Standards IT Systems: Centralized Energy Management IT Systems: Centralized Server Virtualization Supply of Energy IT Systems: Vampire Load Management Unitary Chiller Upgrades Central Chiller Expansion Building Intelligent

Quotient Substitute Fuels Offsets Renewable Energy Coal to Natural Gas Conversion at Steam Plant Mission-Linked Solar Thermal: Domestic Hot Water Biochar Community

Based Low Income Housing Weatherization Solar Thermal: Electric Geothermal Solar Photovoltaic On-Site Wind Campus-wide Energy Conservation Measures

Telepresence Off-Shore Wind Green Power Purchase Conservation Outreach / Behavior Change Waste Transportation Campus Planning & Built Environment Information Technology Energy Conservation & Consumption Renewable Energy and Offsets

ABATEMENT MEASURES N R A LE ABATEMENT MEASURES IN G PHYSICAL ABATEMENT MEASURES S U P RE M ENVIRONMENT A TU

C L CU Direct Impact Resource Options Energy Consumption and Conservation (Gene Matthews) Renewable Energy / Offsets Recommendations (Roger Saillant) Waste (Tangela Scott-Jones) Transportation (Beth Nochomovitz) Information Technology (Jeff Gumpf) Energy Consumption & Conservation PROPOSALS Demand Side Physical Systems and Technologies (in descending order of priority) Metering & Monitoring Campus Wide ECM's

Green IT Campus Vehicle Fleet BIQ Building Intelligent Quotient Smart Grid Energy Consumption & Conservation PROPOSALS Supply of Energy Supply Efficiency (in descending order of priority) Building level heat recovery systems

Building chiller upgrades /removal Steam tunnel upgrades Central CHW expansion Building level heat distribution systems Central CHP Co Gen Energy Consumption & Conservation PROPOSALS Supply of Energy Substitute Fuels - On-Site combustion Wind Electric - Owned *

Solar Electric - Owned * Fuel Switch Coal to NG Solar Thermal Building Level Turbines DG Building CHP Used Cooking Oil in Diesel Equipment Waste to Energy

Fuel Cells Municipal Solid Waste Biomass Landfill Gas (in descending order of priority) Energy Consumption & Conservation PROPOSALS Supply of Energy Substitute Fuels - Purchased Electricity (in descending order of priority)

Wind Solar Electric (OSC) Green Power Purchases Battery Technology Pumped Storage Energy Consumption & Conservation PROPOSALS Demand Side People Practices & Policies (in descending order of priority) Temperature standards / Energy Policy

Conservation Outreach / Behavior Change Green Building Standards Space Utilization Rate Design/ Price Signals / Behavioral Economics / Rebates Space Planning / Management Grounds Management Policies / Practices

Renewable Energy/ Offsets Recommendations ALREADY UNDERWAY Central supply Heating and cooling for the campus is provided by the Med Center Company (MCCo) Electricity purchased through the MCCo MCCo has undertaken development of a long-term strategy to reduce coal dependence MCCo is evaluating demand scenarios for its customers MCCo is evaluating possible redesign of its current site / relocation. Renewable Energy/ Offsets Recommendations PROPOSALS Solar Solar Thermal for Domestic Hot Water Test 1-2 sample campus locations for potential for solar thermal domestic hot water Use test sites to roughly assess campus wide potential

Test Site #1 Veale/Emerson to provide hot water for showers, locker rooms, swimming pools etc. SolarThermal for Electric Small scale (<1 acre) solar electric project for Valleevue farm for local use and exporting electricity to grid Solar Photovoltaic Solar Electric Co-op underway Further study needed Renewable Energy/ Offsets Recommendations PROPOSALS Geothermal Geothermal (Geo Exchange/Ground Source Heat Pumps)

Conduct a high level analysis to understand geothermal possibilities for CWRU Potential locations - open fields, either a quad with no trees or sporting field, bodies of water, parking lots Renewable Energy/ Offsets Recommendations PROPOSALS Wind On-site Wind Leverage opportunities with Ohio Wind Energy Research and Commercialization Center (Ohio-WERC Center) Work with local companies to advance design and manufacture of the critical components in a wind turbine

David Matthiesen leading coordination Off-shore Wind Build on in-progress regional, off-shore developments Renewable Energy/ Offsets Recommendations PROPOSALS Carbon Offsets Biochar Charcoal created by recycling waste biomass (such as animal manures and greenwaste) to produce renewable energy (displacing fossil fuels) and a stable form of carbon which can be sequestered long-term in soils. Primarily for bio-sequestration or atmospheric carbon capture and storage. Home weatherization in low income households

Collaborate with community partners to study impacts of home weatherization Goal is to observe changes in household behavior and establish causal relationships between weatherization and effects such as improved health, financial stability, increased household size, increased energy consumption, or observe how household heating / cooling decisions are made Waste PROPOSALS Long-term Goal Zero waste Short-term Goal 25% waste reduction in 5 years Education

Procurement Continue community hour programs about negative effects of waste and consumption habits Expand learning into all schools curriculum (ie. Managing By Design and Sustainability at WSOM) Create programs to educate new employees and students during orientation sessions Institute a suggestions system to gather fresh ideas from and engage campus members Less is Best Campaign Example: Remove trash cans from offices (recycle bins in interim) Require packaging standards for RFP winners (ie. ship goods on reusable pallets, use electronic billing interfaces, have double-sided capabilities, and source and purchase for durability. Choose less toxic materials (e.g. cleaning, lab, and construction materials).

Dining / Food related Adopt a no bag policy. Incentivize use of re-usable travel coffee mugs Waste PROPOSALS Recycling Recycling Fully comprehensive recycling program Enhance existing, successful program Materials

Expand list of materials to include: Aluminum, including aerosol containers, batteries, cell phones (through UPS), concrete asphalt, sheetrock, film, media and cases, plastic containers and bags, signs, and banners, packaging materials through UPS), Styrofoam, tennis balls and transparencies. Resell office supplies between departments with proceeds to community Infrastructural / operational needs - personnel, vehicles, equipment, receptacles Dedicated vehicle for campus recycling (Curb-Side Sorter) Distinct uniform for recycling staff Transportation PROPOSAL OBJECTIVES

Shift to non-motorized transportation Reduce commuter miles Transportation PROPOSALS TOP 5 ACTIONABLE ITEMS 1. Develop bike paths/bike lanes to campus, in concert with City 2. Invest and promote distance communication technology for non-essential travel 3. Consider closing for incremental periods (e.g between Christmas and New Year) to reduce commuter and plant impact 4. Consider reduced work week where feasible (e.g. 4 day week) 4. Reconceive parking department as an access department focusing on commuting alternatives (tied with above) Transportation PROPOSALS: PARTIAL LIST FACULTY / STAFF COMMUTING 1. Rideshare Programs- carpool and park-and-ride options 2. Incentives to promote use of public transit 3. Guaranteed ride home (for emergencies) for those using public transportation 4. Transportation Demand Management 5. Incentives for people to live closer to campus Transportation

PROPOSALS: PARTIAL LIST STUDENT COMMUTING 1. Use abandoned bikes for campus bike share. 2. Bus system - improve reliability, visibility of stops, heated shelters, promotion of use 3. Car pool and ride share programs supported for commuters 4. Additional bike racks and shelters 5. Restrict parking availability to upperclassmen 6. Car Share utilizing the fleet vehicles after hours 7. Grow and promote car-sharing program Transportation PROPOSALS: PARTIAL LIST GENERAL GROUND TRANSPORTATION 1. Change perception of campus size and ease of getting from place to place 2. Greeny buses or other shuttles converted to electric or some other less GHG intense option, e.g. bio-diesel 3. Physical facilities for bicycling secure racks, showers 4. Work with Cleveland and Cleveland Heights to co-operate in improving bicycle access on and through campus 5. Commuter shuttle promoted and improved for intra-campus transport 6. Reconceive parking department with focus on commuting alternatives Transportation PROPOSALS: PARTIAL LIST

AIR TRAVEL 1. Invest and promote distance communication technology for non-essential travel 2. Build carbon impact awareness to reduce travel frequency 3. Focus on offsets - through airlines and/or self developed offset programs OTHER 4. Virtual classrooms: supplement traditional teaching with greater levels of teleinstruction 1. Telecommuting where feasible (tied with above) Information Technology PROPOSALS Purchase and install a system in all university-owned computer systems that allows for query and setting of power management configuration. Replace single server hardware with server virtualization system to save between 40% and 90% of server-related energy consumption. Use outlet strips to turn off IT devices. Behavior change through education: turn off computer, computer monitor, printers, and other accessories when not in use (eg, overnight) Behavior change through equipment and education: replace motorized travel with video teleconferencing. Behavior change: telecommute.

Behavior change: enhanced sharing of printing devices. Information Technology PROPOSALS Equipment: replace old/purchase new IT devices that are energy- efficient. Equipment: purchase only LED-lighted LCD displays. Data Center improvements: Use free air cooling, improve hot/cold aisle separation, raise normal ambient data center temperature, power down devices, use waste heat to pre-heat air or water. Perform focused audit of IT-driven electricity use to focus efforts to reduce related energy demand. Engage services of more power efficient data centers by moving Central IT services to off-campus provider. Behavior change through education and equipment: install building intelligent control systems to manage building energy consumption. Climate Action Plan (CAP) Case Western Reserve University 12 October 2010 Direct GHG

Mitigation Options Demand for Energy People, Policies, & Practices Procurement Goods & Services: Toxicity, Packaging, Recyclability, and Energy Demand Waste: Increase Capture Rate and Material Types Alternative Transportation Strategies Reduced Commuting Strategies

Physical Systems & Technologies Space Planning & Management Energy Policy Supply of Energy Building Design & Construction Standards IT Systems: Centralized Energy Management

IT Systems: Centralized Server Virtualization Supply Efficiency IT Systems: Cisco EnergyWise Combined Heat and Power IT Systems: Vampire Load Management Unitary Chiller Upgrades Central Chiller Expansion

Building Intelligent Quotient Substitute Fuels Coal to Natural Gas Conversion at Steam Plant Offsets MissionLinked Renewable Energy Solar Thermal: Domestic Hot Water Biochar

Community Based Low Income Housing Weatherization Solar Thermal: Electric Geothermal Solar Photovoltaic On-Site Wind Campus-wide Energy Conservation Measures

Telepresence Off-Shore Wind Green Power Purchase Conservation Outreach / Behavior Change Waste Transportation Campus Planning & Built Environment Information Technology Energy Conservation & Consumption Renewable Energy and Offsets

ABATEMENT MEASURES N R A LE ABATEMENT MEASURES IN G PHYSICAL ABATEMENT MEASURES S U P RE M

ENVIRONMENT A TU C L CU Foundational Projects and Policies Community Outreach/Campus Life (Latisha James) Education & Research (John Ruhl) Campus Planning & the Built Environment (Margaret Carney) Communications (Glen Bieler) Community Outreach & Campus Life MISSION/VALUES The Community Outreach and Campus Life Working Group is dedicated to identifying and advancing ongoing activities to help motivate cultural change and behavior to further advance the plans goals. Its recommendations for activity will support the following principles: Cultural changes are motivated by a combination of programs, services and initiatives that serve to educate, motivate and engage the campus community through leadership support. Citizenship is reinforced through constant and

visible queues of associated cultural norms. Community Outreach & Campus Life PROPOSALS Develop a strategy to increase public awareness about CWRUs commitment and its CAP. Ensure strategy identifies opportunities to provide information and training at the following faculty, staff and/or student events: Orientation (for students, staff and faculty), All-class assemblies, Share the Vision Program, State of the University Address, and Others ,as identified Assess CWRUs sustainability programs, events, services and initiatives. Increase university support for those identified as worthy of sustaining. Community Outreach & Campus Life PROPOSALS Identify programs at other universities to use as models for Case Western Reserve University. Survey the CWRU community to establish what does or would motivate them to take action to reduce the universitys carbon footprint. Provide incentives and rewards for CWRU community who

contribute to reduction of green house gas emissions. Create an undergraduate sustainability requirement, either a class or SAGES First Seminar. Create a major campus-wide sustainability event. Community Outreach & Campus Life PROPOSALS Encourage green/sustainable practices at special events: inform attendees of these. Share knowledge of Climate Action Plan with community stakeholders. Campus Planning & Built Environment THE BIG IDEAS Create sustainable buildings and landscapes. Enhance walkability on the campus and in University Circle (university acting on its own and in partnerships). Establish policy to ensure uniform use of sustainable design and engineering standards. Exploit opportunities to reuse existing buildings before planning to construct new ones. Use existing square footage more efficiently.

Campus Planning & Built Environment PROPOSALS (PROJECTS) Implement a campus-wide Building Condition Assessment (consistent base-line evaluation of buildings and infrastructure systems). Undertake space utilization assessment of all schools and the college. Revise existing Building Design and Construction Standards to improve sustainability aspects. Establish policy to require employment of design and construction standards. Develop new campus master plan to direct implementation of CAP goals and

strategies related to the physical environment. This will feature building reuse and improved pedestrian/bicycle circulation. Strengthen policies that promote/encourage sustainability & energy conservation of the built environment. Enhance facility management (construct database to support decisions about which buildings to take off-line, justifiable investment in renovations/rehabilitation for existing or changed building use) Education & Research PROPOSALS Undertake a 6-month curriculum review to plan for better integration of environmental/sustainability education. Through programs like the Glennan Fellows and Freedman Fellows, provide incentives to develop sustainabilityrelated courses and/or course content. Engage students in sustainability through new student orientation and similar forum. Expand the SURES Program (which supports undergraduate research in energy-related fields) to increase overall activity, broaden the scope within and beyond natural sciences and

engineering. Education & Research PROPOSALS Create an idea bank" for student research competitions that would investigate improvements in on-campus energy/utility opportunities to reduce CO2 production. Create an annual competition for student externships with sustainability or climate-change organizations. Sponsor ongoing, campus-wide sustainability lecture series. Create a web-based map of educational opportunities directly relating to climate change knowledge or response, or to sustainability knowledge or response. ABATEMENT MEASURES N R A LE ABATEMENT MEASURES

IN G PHYSICAL ABATEMENT MEASURES S U P RE M ENVIRONMENT A TU C L CU Case Western Reserve University CAP MISSION/VALUES Case Western Reserve University is dedicated to realizing the goals of its Climate Action Plan. The university recognizes that this represents enduring commitments, involving significant capital

investments and culture change. The university will advance the CAP through the following principles of engagement in an academic setting: Change results from a combination of programs, services and initiatives that educate, motivate and engage Leadership support is critical to cultural change. Citizenship that is foundational to sustaining change is reinforced through constant and visible queues. At-Large & Steering Committee Meeting Reporting back of todays session Review mitigation chart Establish metrics for consultants to use in assessing the direct mitigation options (other than GHG emissions and economics) Next steps Qualitative criteria we heard today Influences culture and behavior

Change motivating initiatives should respond to values and financial incentives. Measurable initiatives Fosters collaboration Supports transition to sustainability research Comprehensive reach (faculty, students staff or areas of study) Using sustainability to attract faculty, students and staff Actionable Outreach into/impact greater community Visible Touch every student Meets or exceeds Genes level of performance

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