Shakespeare's Comedies

Shakespeare's Comedies

SHAKESPEARES COMEDIES TRICKS AND TARGETS DEFINITION: REVIEW A play of Shakespeares time was called a comedy if it had a happy ending, and generally that meant a marriage. Shakespearean comedy is not all about laughs, although it can be unbearably funny. It may also involve some very dark or violent storylines. COMMON CHARACTERISTICS

A struggle of young lovers to overcome problems, often the result of the interference of their elders There is some element of separation and reunification Mistaken identities, often involving disguise usually a marker for farce A clever servant (fool) Family conflicts that are usually resolved in the end Complex, interwoven plot-lines CLOWNS AND FOOLS A Shakspearean fool usually is named fool and has the job of providing

witty commentary that brings the powerful down a peg and also gets money out of them. They break boundaries of rank, have complete liberty of speech. Feste in Twelfth Night works for Olivia as a fool, and entertains all with his explanations about why things are really the opposite of what they appear. (3:1) Clowns are everywhere (aint it the truth). Any character can play a clown part if he/she does idiotic things with little to no self-awareness. Sir Andrew Aguecheek, Sir Toby Belch Bottom is a clown in Midsummer Nights Dream FOOLS VS CLOWNS

COMEDY AND ELIZABETHAN SOCIETY Comedy is serious business, and does important work in a culture Laughter is a way of coping with something uncomfortable. People never laugh at anything thats simply nice. Example: adultery is categorically, hysterically funny in Shakespeares timewhy? In a culture where legitimate offspring are essential and control of womens bodies is like a religion, everyones screwing around. Laughter recognizes the difference between what things are, and what they ought

to be; The . . . laughable then is the incongruous, the disconnecting one idea from another, or the jostling of one [contrasting] feeling against another. (William Hazlitt) We laugh at the disconcerting sight of a person losing the elasticity of humanity, becoming a mechanism, a thing, something mechanical encrusted on the the living. (Henri Bergson) Think of Malvolio, who has no relationship to others except through his social ambition. MARRIAGEWHY SUCH A FOCUS? Marriage = a source of intense anxiety and desire; its both comforting and oppressive Characters want marriage, and fear it; they need to find their parents, and to escape from their parents.

The anxieties on which comic laughter plays are social anxieties: the need for money, security and social position, and the fear that the pursuit of such needs is dehumanizing. So the order affirmed in the traditional ending is social marriage, the family, the rule of law Comedy has a built-in contradiction between laughter and the happy ending Laughter = anxious, unsettled, contradictory; Happy ending = nice.. TWELFTH NIGHT: MIRRORS AND SOCIAL

ISOLATION: Many images of solitude: ANOTHER LAYER OF SOCIAL ANXIETY Malvolio in his fantasy world and then in his dark prison Viola describing her sisters unrequited love (II.iv.11015) Each is a mirror image of self: Malvolios only relationship is with his own image, practicing behavior to his shadow, Viola in describing her sisters loneliness is really describing her own. The true self and real relationship to others is lost. Isolation ends for Viola when her twin brother Sebastian appears on stage

with his sister Sebastian speaks Violas name, and the mirror becomes the other; relationships restored. The lovers are freed from the solipsistic world of mirrors. Is there a possible resolution for Malvolio, a way he can be welcomed into the fold? If not, why is he excluded?

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • About Palatalization - Talk TESOL

    About Palatalization - Talk TESOL

    2012.04.01 Minjae Palatalization: - In linguistics, palatalization, also palatalisation, may refer to two different processes by which a sound, usually a consonant, comes to be produced with the tongue in a position in the mouth near the palate.
  • Codon Usage Dan Graur 1 Because of the

    Codon Usage Dan Graur 1 Because of the

    * If synonymous mutations are strictly neutral, they should be used randomly as dictated by genomic GC content. * Codon-usage bias * Measures of codon-usage bias * The relative synonymous codon usage (RSCU) is the number of times a codon...
  • PowerPoint 演示文稿

    PowerPoint 演示文稿

    Some principles of ITIS. What is ITIS. Objective of ITIS. Vision of ITIS. Help MSMEs to participate into the cross-border trade and e-commerce easily. Based on the Internet and data to establish the new service mode for MSMEs and improve...
  • 7 Consultation Questions - NHS Sustainable Development Unit

    7 Consultation Questions - NHS Sustainable Development Unit

    7 Consultation Questions. There are seven consultation questions and four of them have two parts. The questions are intentionally high level to ensure the consultation and engagement exercise genuinely provides you with the opportunity to shape the direction of travel...


    Sheffet v County of Los Angeles (1970) 3 CA3d 720, 730. Compensable Damages. Examples Cont'd. Land regulation enacted in bad faith, e.g., to depress the value of property for subsequent acquisition by the public agency. Peacock v County of Sacramento...
  • Image Processing Fundamentals

    Image Processing Fundamentals

    * Translate P1 to origin * Perform scaling and rotation * Translate to P2 Example: Composition of transformations (cont'd) Important: preserve the order of transformations! translation + rotation rotation + translation General form of transformation matrix Representing a sequence of...
  • Neuromuscular Adaptations to Resistance Training

    Neuromuscular Adaptations to Resistance Training

    Adaptations to Resistance Training Hyperplasia: muscle fiber splitting requires heavy resistance training requires many months of training Adaptations to Resistance Training Fiber type alterations muscle fibers begin to take on certain characteristics of the opposite fiber type after opposing training...
  • Fiscal Policy and Stabilization

    Fiscal Policy and Stabilization

    การมีโครงสร้างภาษีเงินได้ที่เป็นสัดส่วนกับรายได้ สมการพื้นฐานของ automatic stabilizers Discretionary stabilization การใช้นโยบายการคลังโดยรัฐบาล เช่น ...