Romanticism and realism

Romanticism and realism

ROMANTICISM AND REALISM G10-18-19 ROMANTICISM! OBJECTIVE Learning objective: Students will analyze Romantic poetry to draw connections between the

movement and the poem. Literature responds to its context. THE ROMANTIC PERIOD The Romantic age brought a more daring, individual, and imaginative approach to both literature and life. The individual rather than society was at the center of Romantic vision. Romantic writers tended to be optimists who

believed in the possibility of progress and social and human reform. As champions of democratic ideals, they sharply attacked all form of tyranny and the spreading of evils of Industrialism. Such as: urban blight, a polluted environment, and the alienation of people from nature and one another. WHAT IS ROMANTICISM? In reaction to the rational poems and subjects of the Enlightenment; the Romantics were bold,

energetic, full of emotion and reconnected with the natural world. For most of the Romantic poets, nature was the principal source of inspiration, spiritual truth, and enlightenment. The literature of the Romantic age has a sense of: Uniqueness of the individual, A deep personal earnestness, A sensuous delight in both the common and exotic things of this world, A blend of intensely felt joy and dejection, A yearning for ideal states of being,

A probing interest in mysterious and mystical experience. Romanticis m even changed fashion. THE ROMANTIC CHARACTERISTICS Seeking the unusual, haunting, and gothic; Placing emotion over reason; revolting against

science and logic and worshipping our feelings; Celebrating the individual and individual rights and freedoms; Liberating the unconscious; speaking our innermost thoughts freely; Celebrating nature; returning to nature in the lives and songs of men. Showing strong concern for society and politics and the freedoms of mankind. THE ROMANTIC TECHNIQUES Unrealistic Characters

Character is a god Plot is unusual events, mystery, high adventure Story is told Exaggeration Setting is for plot The language is often literary (formal) THE SUBLIME (LITERARY CONCEPT) Wordsworth: the mind tries to grasp at something towards which

it can make approaches but which it is incapable of attaining In trying to grasp the sublime, the mind loses consciousness and the spirit can grasp the sublime (Brennan, Matthew. Wordsworth, Turner and Romantic Landscape. Camden House, 1987, p.52.) CONNECTION TO NATIONALISM Romanticism emphasized digging in to ones own culture, folklore, language, and history. Emphasis on ones own experience, within that culture.

This often resulted in a celebration of ones own nation as well. Love of Homeland Extends into the idea of ones nation being best Many Romantic works which celebrate culture became symbols of Nationalist movements. German composer Wagner The Ring Cycle; Flight of the Valkyries English playwright Shakespeare became iconic Beowolf Anglo-saxon Epic

HOMEWORK Romanticism/Realism Packet DUE Tuesday 1. Comparing Romantic Poetry Graphic Analysis 2. Ozymandias TPCASTT Annotation (on the back) 3. She Walks in Beauty Annotation 4. Ode to a Grecian Urn Annotation 5. Realism Worksheet (In class Monday/homework Monday night) If you need more time to finish any of these, consider doing them over the weekend.

REALISM OBJECTIVE Learning objective: Students will analyze Realist writing to draw connections between the text and the movement. ROMANTICISM VS REALISM VALUES

CHARACTERISTICS TECHNIQUES ROMANTICISM VS. REALISM: VALUES Romanticism The world is simpler and more beautiful when you have a connection to nature. Emotional expression is best when it is

exaggerated to prove your intensity and passion. We should focus on the amazing details of life and glorify the beauty of nature, especially mans connection to it! Realism The world is complex and cannot be simply described.

Emotional expression should be realistic in order to reveal the importance of relationships. We should focus on the seemingly insignificant details to illuminate the complexities of man and society! ROMANTICISM VS. REALISM: CHARACTERISTICS

Romanticism Interest in the common man and childhood Strong senses, emotions, and feelings Awe of nature Celebration of the individual and imagination

Realism Focus on details about the common man Characters attitude and actions are legitimate topics of literature Nature is described literally Exploration of seemingly insignificant details to reveal important complexities

ROMANTICISM VS. REALISM: TECHNIQUES Romanticism Unrealistic Characters Character is a god Plot is unusual events, mystery, high adventure Story is told Exaggeration

Setting is for plot The language is often Realism Realistic characters Characters are normal people Plot is ordinary events Story is shown Objectivity Setting is for characterization

Writer uses everyday, normal speech REALISM: FOCUS ON THE ORDINARY Focus on everyday activities instead of romanticized, stylized interpretations Characters resemble ordinary people Realism is interested in recent or contemporary life (Romantics loved looking to historical legends and ancient artists)

Hyperfocus on details to illuminate the worlds complexities PAINTINGS Romantic or realist? LETS COMPARE The White Horse John Constable Romantic The Gleaners, Jean-Franois Millet

Realist FRIEDRICH THE WANDERER COURBET - THE STONEBREAKERS HOMEWORK Romanticism/Realism Packet DUE Tuesday 1. Comparing Romantic Poetry Graphic Analysis

2. Ozymandias TPCASTT Annotation (on the back) 3. She Walks in Beauty Annotation 4. Ode to a Grecian Urn Annotation 5. Realism Worksheet (In class Monday/homework Monday night) If you need more time to finish any of these, consider doing them over the weekend. A PIECE OF STRING Short story by Guy de Maupassant Realist

Focus on characterization and small, revealing details

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