Residential Fire Sprinkler symposium - TLCfire.com
Residential Fire Sprinkler symposium Ontario Convention Center California Residential Code! Residential Fire Sprinkler Criteria for One and Two-family Dwellings and Townhouses 2010 California Residential Code (Title 24, Part 2.5) 2 Identifying Common Issues and Solutions for Construction of Residential Fire Sprinklers
Identifying Common Issues and Solutions for Construction of Residential Fire Sprinklers A Best Practice Approach!!! 3 Symposium Outline Review the 2010 California Residential Code and the 2010 NFPA 13D (1 and 2 Family Dwellings and Manufactured Homes) and the amendments and/or modifications
Develop an awareness of NFPA 13d Fire Sprinkler Systems, construction, components and function Identify laws and regulations concerning the use of water in California Develop an awareness of the CSFM Residential Fire Sprinkler Task Force Phase I Recommendations. Identify concerns for stakeholders of the new IRC fire sprinkler mandate
Identify solutions and Best Practices that have alleviated the concerns of stakeholders of the new IRC fire sprinkler mandate 4 Classes Taught in California Prior to and after the adoption of 2010 California Residential Code (Title 24, Part 2.5) including CFPI and OSFM Enforcing Agencies (Fire) 216-Fire Agencies 3-UC Campus Agencies 16-CAL-FIRE - OSFM DSFMs
16-CAL-FIRE Contract Agencies 210-Agencies Total Enforcing Agencies (Building) Home Builders 21-Home Building Contractor (B) 3-Manufactured Home Contractor (C-47) 2-Home Builder Association 26- Home Building Contractors/Association Miscellaneous 52-Architects, Inspection Services, Engineers, Designers, Consultants, etc.
San Diego Fire Protection Association Los Angeles SFPE Office of the State Fire Marshal California Fire Prevention Training and Education Institute California Residential Code (Title 24, Part 2.5) California Building Standards Codes 2007 CBC (based on 2006 IBC), CFC (based on 2006 IFC) 2010 CBC (based on 2009 IBC) CFC (based on 2009 IFC) 6
California Residential Code (Title 24, Part 2.5) California Residential Code (CRC) ICC-IRC, 2000 ed, 2003 ed, 2006 ed, & 2009 ed 2010 CRC based on 2009 IRC State Housing Law (Title 25) California Residential Code, Section R313 2009 ed. IRC Section P2904 - Table P2904.3.6.2(9) 2010 ed. CRC Section R 313.3 NFPA 13D 2010 ed 7 California Residential Code (Title 24, Part 2.5)
Defining New Buildings and Dwellings, Remodel, Renovations, Alterations (pg.24) Attached garages/carports (pg.22-23) (NFPA 13D, Section 8.6.4) (pg.39) Property Setbacks (pg.21) Opening Protection (pg.22) Residential Care Facilities (pg.37) R325.5.1 8 California Residential Code (Title 24, Part 2.5) Matrix Adoption Table Handout (Pg.41-45)
NFPA 13D amendments Handout (Pg.39 and 40) 9 Roles of the Stakeholders Why we needed to Circle the Wagons? Who we involved? What where the stakeholder roles as pertaining to the CRC? When we need to involve them? How we managed need and concerns? 10
Roles of the Stakeholders Phase I Task Force Recommendation Use the Best Practices Philosophy when applicable for making recommendations and suggestions for specific applications that are appropriate for the conditions within a specific region of California. Defining Best Management Practices (BMP)
Refers to those practices that have produced outstanding results in another situation and that could be adapted for our situation. 11 Roles of the Stakeholders BMP based on discipline Building Department Fire Department Water Purveyor Public Health Department Fire Protection Contractor Developer Homebuilder
12 STEEP Decision Model For each issue: Isolate your decision to create the issue Investigate the issue from all sides Refine the question regarding the issue What do we need to solve Positive or Negative Impacts Look at key factors STEEP Analysis Rehearse the Implications!
How does the issue impact Society ? Improves life and safety Yes No How is the issue Social impacted
by curren t technology? Yes No Technological Residential Fire Sprinkler Water Task Force Issues (Fees, Process Efficiencies and Cost Impacts, Laws and Regulations, Connection
Configurations) Yes Affect on the Saves lives Decrease s life-safety Yes No
No Improvement Current technology available Yes No Technology unavailable or not feasible Funds
availabl e Yes No Costs in line with solution Out of reach, impact too much Little impact to
economy Adversely affects economy, project No funds available, . issue too costly Reduction to to consumer Carbon LEE Credits,
D Environmental Imprint , Reduction Yes in Landfill No impact use adversely No How Issue Yes to environmen will the
impacts Political issue react to the No t the environmen Issue has environment t severe adverse ? Issue is impac positive to t local, private and
business The issues has a Yes How will positive political No No the issue Yes impact stand in potential positively the or negativel current politicalNo
Issue is a "NO y climat WIN" Politically e Economical stakeholder budgets? No 13
Terminology Communication is the number one cause of miscommunication Identified as a Potential Recommendation for study in the Phase III IRC Task Force Identify common terminology used by stakeholders in the water purveyor and fire industry for use in all aspects of NFPA 13D Residential Fire Sprinkler System construction and design. Phase III Final Report; Appendix E, Terminology (pg.48-51) 14 Residential 13-D Installations Statistics, Components, Construction, Results!
Residential Fire Statistics A home catches fire in the United States every 79 seconds. Tragically, on average, 82% of all fire deaths occur where most people feel the safest in their home. In 2006 Alone: More than 396,000 home fires claimed the lives of more than 3,000 men, women and children An additional 13,825 were injured Property damage totaled more
than $6,875,000,000 Smoke Alarms vs.. Sprinkler Protection Smoke Alarms Aren't Enough Smoke alarms are excellent at detecting smoke and alerting homeowners of a fire, and they should be installed in every home. However, only a fire sprinkler can control or even extinguish a fire. A recent study found that only 72-76%* of people wake up when a smoke alarm (60dBA) is sounded. The combination of working smoke alarms and home fire sprinklers, however, reduced the likelihood of death from a fire by more than 80%.
One in four U.S. home fire fatalities occurred in homes with working smoke alarms. ** *US Fire Administration (National Fire Data Center Topical Fire Research Series, Volume 5- Issue 1, March 2005) **NFPA Fire Loss Data 1999-2001 Installing the Residential Fire Sprinkler System The system may be installed by a licensed contractor or an ownerbuilder per the CA. State Contractor License Board.
Tools to do the job! Cutting and Deburring Tools BlazeMaster Calk & Walk Firestop One-step CPVC Cement and Daubers System Components Riser Flow Switch Gauge Test Valve
System Components CPVC Pipe or other approved material * copper * steel Hangers and Braces Alternate Pipe Pipe may be copper, steel or other approved type. System Components
Exterior Bell Alert occupants and neighbors when the water flow switch is activated System Components Sprinkler Heads * Pendant * Side wall * Dome * Flat Plate System Components Spare Head Box
usually near the riser when required System Components Residential Domestic Shut-off valve. Makes water available on demand to the domestic system, and acts as a check valve for the fire protection system. When the sprinkler system operates in the home, the supply to the domestic system is automatically shut off and makes the maximum use of the available water supply to control the fire. 1" domestic shut-off valves are used in piping systems that supply water to both the domestic
service and the fire sprinkler designed per NFPA 13D in one and two family dwellings or mobile homes. Multi-purpose Systems NFPA 13-D Construction Riser Installation Connects the domestic water supply to the Fire Sprinkler System Brass or Steel pipe, CPVC Pipe and
fittings, Flow Switch, Gauge Riser Concealed in Wall Similar Components Note the pressure reduction valve Typical Gauge installation Gauge notes the static and residual pressure of the system. Allows the
occupant to note that the system is pressurized Installation of the Fire Sprinkler System Typical attic installation CPVC Pipe is the typical pipe used in most installations tee at the top of the riser Typical End of Line Location for future
sprinkler head elbow Cap to protect the fitting and threads In-line and End of Line Construction Note the Tees in line with the pipe Also note the end of line Ceiling Joist Installation Capped for future addition Note the Brace
Rough In Inspection Rough in Inspection Visual inspection system installed per approved plan Pressure Test insure that fittings are glued properly Finished Product Note the flat plates
Final Inspection of the Finished Product Walk the system to make sure it is installed correctly, aesthetically Operate Flow Switch to test the bell and make sure the system is pressurized. How do Residential Sprinklers Work? A single residential sprinkler can protect a room area up to 20 X 20 with an average house requiring only 20-30 sprinklers *
*Each sprinkler protects the area below it. Only a threatening fire can generate enough heat to activate a a sprinkler typically at 155F. *Only the sprinkler closest to the fire will activate, spraying water directly on the fire and the area that the sprinkler has been designed to protect. *Sprinklers can control or even extinguish the fire before it can build deadly heat and smoke so you and your family can escape safely, and limit damage to your home. *Your sprinkler system can be linked to the local fire company or home alarm system so that they are immediately notified when a sprinkler activates.
The Results of a Residential Fire Sprinkler System In less time than it would take a fire department to arrive on the scene, a single sprinkler can control or even extinguish the fire. Final Inspection and Acceptance Testing Rough Overhead Water flow and Pressure Final Inspection
Maintenance The responsibility for maintenance of the system lies with the owner Recommendations for monthly maintenance are contained in the standard (inspections of system components, testing of alarms, pumps & other system components, etc.) Available Resources (www.homefiresprinkler.org) Summary Statistics Show that Sprinklers save lives Systems are economical and
easily installed Systems are easily inspected and maintained Statutory Authority (Statutes and Regulations) Health and Safety Code Government Code Business and Professions Code Contractors State License Board State Water Board State Housing Laws Title
25 California Public Utilities Commission State Public Safety Title 19 43 Statutory Authority (Statutes and Regulations) General Questions and Answers: (pg.52-56) 1. Where is it written that public commissions, boards and councils and other public agencies must conduct their business/actions in an open forum/hearing?
Answer: Ralph M. Brown Act (Government Code Section 54950-54963) 2. Where does it require that a state body (Agency, Board, Advisory Committee, etc.) must provide notice at least 10days prior to a public meetings in which action shall be taken? Answer: Bagley-Keene Open Meeting Act (Government Code Section 11125-11125.9) 44 Statutory Authority (Statutes and Regulations) 3. Are there any regulations which define criteria by which a water purveyor can discontinue the water service to a customer for non-payment? (Note: This regulation only
applies to water purveyors who fall under the authority and jurisdiction of the CA Public Utilities Commission PUC.) Answer: General Order No. 103: (CA Public Utility Commission Water Branch, Section I-6.a thru f) 4. Where can I find the statutory authority for the California Safe Drinking Water Act, and what does it say? Answer: California Safe Drinking Water Act: (Health and Safety Code, Section 116270-116275) 45 Statutory Authority (Statutes and Regulations)
5. Where does it define the requirements for Backflow/CrossConnection devices on a water service? Answer: Backflow/Cross-Connection (Health and Safety Code, Section 116800-116820 ) 6. Is there any state law which governs the implementation of backflow/cross-connection equipment and/or device(s) when connecting a residential fire sprinkler system to the domestic water supply service? Answer: Backflow Prevention and CrossConnection Control (Health and Safety Code, Section 13114.5 and
13114.7) 46 Statutory Authority (Statutes and Regulations) 7. What is the statutory authority for a local agency to impose fees and charges for a water service connection? Answer: Service Connection Fees/Charges: (Government Code Section 66013) 8. Where is the statutory criteria found for a local agency (Planning, Building and/or Fire) for establishing fees and charges associated with processing and inspecting projects? Answer: Building/Fire Agencies: (Government Code Section 66014)
47 Statutory Authority (Statutes and Regulations) 9. If the Building Department wanted to do the review and inspections of residential fire sprinkler systems and the Fire Department objected; Do we, the Fire Department have the authority to keep this task? Answer: The city, county, or city and county shall delegate. (Health & Safety Code, Section 13145-13146) 48
Statutory Authority (Statutes and Regulations) 10. By code we cannot require five year services on residential fire sprinkler systems. Can this be accomplished by local ordinance? Answer: NO (CA SFM Website: Question taken from Frequently Asked Questions Concerning NFPA-25, 2006 California Edition [Page #7]: Can local fire authorities adopt testing and maintenance requirements that are more restrictive than the service requirements in the California Code of Regulations, Title-19? Answer: No . ) (Health & Safety Code, Section 13198.5, 17958.7, 18941.5) 49
Statutory Authority (Statutes and Regulations) 11. Can a Fire Protection Contractor (C-16) design the system that he or she is to install? Answer: YES (B&P Code Contractors License Law 6737.3) 12. What does Section R313 of the 2010 California Residential Code say as relates to the design and installation of a residential fire sprinkler systems? Answer: See Section R313.1.1
(R313.1.1 Design and installation. Automatic residential fire sprinkler systems for townhouses shall be designed and installed in accordance with R313.3 or NFPA 13D.) 50 Statutory Authority (Statutes and Regulations) 13. Is it the intent of Section R313 to allow residential fire protection systems to be installed by a Fire Protection Contractor (C-16) and/or a Plumbing Contractor (C-36)? Note: Section R3220.127.116.11 General states Where installed, residential fire sprinkler systems, or portions thereof, shall be in accordance with NFPA-13D or Section R313, which shall be considered equivalent to NFPA-13D. So, does all of this mean if you are a C-16 you design and
install in accordance with NFPA-13D and if you are a C-36 you design and install in accordance with R313? Answer: Only Fire Protection Contractors (C-16s, General Manufactured Housing Contractors (C-47s) and Owner-Occupied Owner-Builders may install a fire protection system. (B&P Code Contractors License Law, Sections 7026.2. (a), 7026.3, 7026.11, 7026.12) (B&P Code 7008, 7058, and 7059) (832.47. Class C-47 General Manufactured Housing Contractor) 51 Statutory Authority (Statutes and Regulations) 14. Why doesnt the State of California do like many other states and
mandate that all fire sprinkler designs will be done by or supervised and certified by a minimum NICET Level III Automatic Sprinkler Layout Technician? Answer: In California, the State of California licenses Professional Engineers (BPE&LS) for design of systems and Contractors (CSLB) for design and installation of fire protection systems. A quick check of the licensing requirements and/or application forms for both the Board of Professional Engineers & Land Surveyors (BPE&LS) and the Contractors State License Board (CSLB) are silent when it comes to NICET criteria necessary to be licensed as an engineer and/or contractor. Note: Many states have this requirement in order to even get a Fire Protection Contractor license. 52
Statutory Authority (Statutes and Regulations) 15. How does the State handle training and education for contractors, installers, plan checkers, inspectors, and the consumer? a) Contractor/Installers: Answer: Necessary degree of knowledge (B&P Code Contractors License Law Section 7065, 7068) b) Plans Examiner/Inspectors (Fire): Answer: SFM shall establish fire prevention training for delivery on a regional basis. (Health & Safety Code, Section 13105.5)
c) Plans Examiner/Inspectors (Building): CA. Building Standards Law Health and Safety Code 18949.25-31 d) Consumer: Answers:(Health & Safety Code, Section 13144) 53 Statutory Authority (Statutes and Regulations) 16. In a multi-purpose system, will the traces of lead in the sprinkler heads be a
problem with the domestic water? Answers: Sprinklers and other components must be lead free (meaning not more than 0.2 percent and not more than a weighted average of 0.25 percent when used with respect to the wetted surfaces of pipes and pipe fittings, plumbing fittings and fixtures. Manufacturers Data Sheets (Cutsheets) now list compliance for California and Vermont. (Health & Safety Code, Section 116875) (Health & Safety Code, Section 25214.4.3) 17. What are the requirements for protecting attached garages in accordance with the 2010 California Residential Code?
Answer R302.6, R302.5, R309.6 54 Statutory Authority (Statutes and Regulations) 18. What is the criteria which defines an Underground Regulation and is used for the premise by which State Agencies are required to follow strict criteria for the adoption of Building Standards? Answer: Regulations SHALL be adopted by the Building Standards Commission or Office of Administrative Law. (Government Code, Section 11340-11340.1) (Government Code, Section 11340.5)
(Government Code, Section 1135) 19. Do Building Departments (and Fire Departments) need to maintain an official copy of the construction plans (including fire sprinkler drawings and calculations) for a single- or multiple dwelling for the life of the building? Answer: No. (Health & Safety Code, Section 19850) 55 Training Resources American Fire Sprinkler Association National Fire Sprinkler
Association National Fire Protection Association Sprinkler Fitters of California Society of Fire Protection Engineers International Code Council California Building Officials (CALBO) California Fire Prevention Officers Association League of California
Cities American Water Works Association Building Industry Association (BIA) Home Builder Association (HBA) 56 Training Venues/Hosts (Stakeholders) Homeowners/Real Estate Agencies/Insurance Agencies Homeowners Maintenance Awareness
Real Estate Agencies Life Safety (Built-in Fire Protection) Insurance Agencies Insurance Credits (5-15%) 57 Office of the State fire Marshal Phase I Task Force Recommendations Best Practice Recommendations Final Report Best Management Practices FEE SUB-GROUP PHASE I
Use the Best Practices Philosophy when applicable for making recommendations and suggestions for specific applications that are appropriate for the conditions within a specific region of California. Best Management Practices FEE SUB-GROUP PHASE I Eliminate as a best practice and in accordance with NFPA 13-D, the combination of the domestic and fire sprinkler flows when calculating flows for service sizes. NFPAs intent is to reduce the flow requirement and
allows meter service sizing accordingly. Statistically, sprinklers and largest demand will not activate at the same time. Best Management Practices FEE SUB-GROUP PHASE I Develop a Best Practice Philosophy/Program for the State of California for determining fees for technology, maintenance, inspection, service and monthly standby or utility fees for use in billing consumers with residences that are constructed with NFPA 13-D Residential Fire Sprinkler Systems.
Best Management Practices FEE SUB-GROUP PHASE I Encourage the use of flow-through designs as a best practice, to minimize the need for backflow prevention. Support a detailed and thorough study of the risk and benefit of backflow prevention through an industry study. Best Management Practices FEE SUB-GROUP PHASE I Recommend a statewide best practice for calculating fees for plan review by enforcing
agencies of NFPA 13-D Residential Fire Sprinkler systems. Moved to the Phase II Task force as a item for additional study. Best Management Practices Connection Configuration Sub-group Recommends a configuration with the following characteristics: Single lateral feed from main; branching from the domestic supply to the meter. Least cost, simplest design, provides greatest flexibility. Service sized based upon sprinkler demand and/or
domestic (including irrigation) demand worst case, without concern for simultaneous demand. Issues of designing to minimize simultaneous demand by requiring private domestic shutoff valve complicates household design but it is an option open to the individual agency. 1inch meters are generally acceptable if based on these inch meters are generally acceptable if based on these criteria. Best Management Practices Connection Configuration Sub-group Service lockout as per agency policy. Shutoff ability is required by the water purveyors for a variety of reasons. Agencies should use best practice to word shutoff notices to include potential loss of fire sprinkler protection and take appropriate measures to limit potential liability associated with discontinuing fire protection
service. (Consider alternate design and possible hold harmless clause as part of Phase II discussion.) Metering per purveyor/agency policy (and commonly by guiding practices or statutes) with exemption from fire rating for residential application. Include maximum flexibility in the service configuration, which allows agencies to use existing policies, procedures and time-tested material resulting in appropriate cost for long-term reliability. Best Management Practices Connection Configuration Sub-group Continue the water industry standard that facility costs are 100 percent captured in the fees directly associated with installation, maintenance, reading, and replacement of the meters. Monthly billing prices
should have clear nexus to both the fixed and variable cost of service provided and should remain a local purveyor policy issue. Include a design that allows for connection of the fire protection system to remote fixtures to insure flushing of the system as a result of typical and frequent use. This will allow consideration of elimination of a backflow device by insuring water remains flushed. Best Management Practices Connection Configuration Sub-group Recommendations for type/listing of meter; meter size/arrangement; meter versus no meter.
Selection of particular meter and configuration to be in keeping with agencys policies and engineering requirements based on demand flows. Best Management Practices Phase I General Recommendations Recommendations for rural versus municipal supply. Current technology is available though water supply capability may be quite different. Municipal is likely more reliable in terms of supply owing to larger base of resources to operate and maintain the system. No difference in configuration, but supply facilities may be affected, e.g., onsite storage tank or large well flowing to the sprinkler flow if additive.
Flexibility of configuration supports minimizing use of materials in construction. Best Management Practices General Recommendations Recommendations for backflow protection. Optional backflow does not provide 100 percent guarantee of backflow protection, however, protection is in keeping with current level of overall protection. By providing both Best Management Practices and local flexibility, political support is maintained. Best Management Practices General Recommendations Recommendations for water supply criteria
pressure/flow/duration. Ensuring a coordinated approach to purveyor supply, configuration, and cost with other regulatory agencies (State and fire agencies) for an adequate water supply is in the best interest of the citizens. Best Management Practices CONNECTION CONFIGURATION SUB-GROUP Recommendations for consistency Although configurations may not be consistent from jurisdiction-to-jurisdiction, configurations would be flexible to situations and circumstances throughout the State of California.
Connection Configurations and Best Practice Solutions AFTERNOON SESSION Residential Fire Sprinkler Concerns A Water Purveyors Perspective Presented to NCBPA Bill Kirkpatrick, Engineering Manager Water Supplier Reliability Issues Water Supply Water Facilities
Water Quality Cost Exchange oF Ideas Demonstrations, sharing of Best Practices
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