# Process Model Realism

Process Model Realism Measuring Implicit Realism 8/09/2014 dr. Benot Depaire Research Trigger Number of possible execution paths explode with AND-construct with n activities in parallel: X = n! 8/09/2014 dr. Benot Depaire n

X 3 6 4 24 5 120 6

720 7 5040 8 40320 Research Trigger 8/09/2014 A B

C A C B B A C B

C A C A B C B A dr. Benot Depaire

Research Trigger A B C A C B C

A B C B A 8/09/2014 dr. Benot Depaire Research Trigger A

B C A C B C A B

C B A R1: All activities must occur 8/09/2014 dr. Benot Depaire Research Trigger A B

C A C B C A B C

B A R1: All activities must occur R2: A must occur before B, unless we start with C 8/09/2014 dr. Benot Depaire Research Trigger When are we generalizing too much? Context: Capture the true underlying process

Is the discovered model realistic? 8/09/2014 dr. Benot Depaire Process Realism Explicit Realism: All observed behavior should be in the model Implicit Realism: Only the realistic unobserved behavior should be in the model 8/09/2014 dr. Benot Depaire

Assumptions There are no measurement errors in the log There are no infinite loops possible in the process The fitness of a discovered model = 1 (All execution paths are equiprobable) 8/09/2014 dr. Benot Depaire Process Realism Implicit Realism: Only the realistic unobserved behavior should be in the model.

8/09/2014 dr. Benot Depaire Process Realism Implicit Realism: Only the realistic unobserved behavior should be in the model. Implicit Realism Measure: How confident can we be that the unobserved behavior is realistic? 8/09/2014 dr. Benot Depaire

Implicit Realism Measure m = number of paths in process M n = number of paths in log L xi = frequency of path i in log L Pi = Probability of path i occurring in L u = # unobserved paths of M in L TM(L) = statistic to determine u 8/09/2014 dr. Benot Depaire Implicit Realism Measure IR(L,M) = P[TM(L) >= u | M, n] IR(L,M): Probability that a model M would generate a log L with at least u missing paths (given n)

The lower IR(L,M), the less confident we can be that M actually produced L because M contains too much unobserved behavior! (for a given n) 8/09/2014 dr. Benot Depaire Implicit Realism Measure 8/09/2014 dr. Benot Depaire Empirical Illustration

8/09/2014 dr. Benot Depaire Assumptions There are no measurement errors in the log There are no infinite loops possible in the process The fitness of a discovered model = 1 (All execution paths are equiprobable) 8/09/2014 dr. Benot Depaire Conclusions

IR Measure has a very precise and intuitive interpretation Current IR Measure should be used for evaluation, not comparison! 8/09/2014 dr. Benot Depaire Process Model Realism Q&A 8/09/2014 dr. Benot Depaire Implicit Realism

Precision To what extent does the model NOT contain too much behavior (no underfitting) Generalization To what extent does the model NOT contain too little behavior (no overfitting) 8/09/2014 dr. Benot Depaire Implicit Realism Precision To what extent does the model NOT contain too much behavior (no underfitting) To what extent does the model ONLY contain

observed behavior Generalization To what extent does the model NOT contain too little behavior (no overfitting) To what extent does the model contain unobserved behavior 8/09/2014 dr. Benot Depaire

## Recently Viewed Presentations

• Psalm 22:1-2. 1 (NIV) My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? Why are you so far from saving me, so far from the words of my groaning? 2 O my God, I cry out by day, but you...
• Kindergarten Screening Must have an appointment. Child must be 5 on or before July 31st. Call your building of attendance to. schedule a time. Dates: March 30- Sweeny 732-3670. ... Parents will complete full enrollment packet while their child is...
• Analogies Reading Skills' Practice Complete the analogy. Complete the analogy. Complete the analogy. Complete the analogy. Complete the analogy.
• Idea fueled by increased attention to air pollution and fossil fuel consumption. ... truly eco-friendly cars) Tech. Fuel cells created by William Robert Grove and Francis Bacon in 18th and 19th century. Fuel Cell - Converts hydrogen to electricity, giving...
• Grinding noises when turning head side to side or when moving other joints such as elbows "Squishing sound" when blinking eyes. Heart beat sounds amplified in her head. Case Presentation. ... Ordinary noises such as a knock on the door...
• Halite is a halide mineral used for common table salt. Kaolin is a silicate mineral used in ceramics, coated paper, and as a medicine. Barite is a sulfate mineral used in cement or as an additive to petroleum. Uses of...
• Syntax Analysis Sections 4.1-4.4: lm Other Derivation Concepts Leftmost: Replace the leftmost non-terminal symbol E E A E id A E id * E id * id Rightmost: Replace the rightmost non-terminal symbol E E A E E A id...
• aqua dog phil (bouillon philippe) karine rousselet. eric cauchie. bc.dis sa. pascale locoge. mc donald's sobolex sa. jessica catalano. performance bureau & design . ludovic bernard. auto service sa. cataldo barravecchia. sprl lazzaro. carmelo terranova. espace coiffure bruno toch.