Preterit versus imperfect

Preterit versus imperfect

Calentamiento Escribe un prrafo sobre tus experiencias y conocimiento de la vida y la moda de los 80 o los 90 (Actividad 1-21) Que sea resuelto que debemos boicotear la ropa hecha en pases donde no se respetan los derechos humanos de los trabajadores 1. Establecer resolucin y apoyarla 2. Establecer porque es una mala idea 3. Apoyar la resolucin 4. Dar segunda razn

5. Hablar en contra del grupo opuesto 6. Hablar en contra del grupo opuesto 7. Hablar en contra del grupo opuesto y dar conclusin 8. Hablar en contra del grupo opuesto y dar conclusin Que sea resuelto que debemos boicotear la ropa hecha en pases donde no se respetan los derechos humanos de los trabajadores 1.

2. Establecer resolucin y apoyarla 1. Debemos prohibir los productos de pases que no respetan los derechos humanos. - 0 Establecer porque es una mala idea 1. 2. 3. Apoyar la resolucin

1. 4. La ropa de estos paises es la mayoria de la ropa que esta en nuestras tiendas. Vienen de 10 paises y 4 violan estos derechos: china, bangladesh, vietnam Muchas horas, condiciones horribles, poco dinero - 1 250 millones de nios trabajan por $2 por hora - 1 Dar segunda razn 1.

Si paramos de comprar la ropa se van a quedar sin trabajo. Es mejor $2 que nada - 0 Que sea resuelto que debemos boicotear la ropa hecha en pases donde no se respetan los derechos humanos de los trabajadores 5. Hablar en contra del grupo opuesto 5. Podemos trabajar aqui y mejorar las condiciones aqui. Boicotearlos hara que ellos mejoren las condiciones. No es correcto que sea por tan poco.

6. Hablar en contra del grupo opuesto 5. Puede rebotar q en vez de mejorar, ya no se vende su producto y que no tengan mas derechos. - 1 7. Hablar en contra del grupo opuesto y dar conclusin 5.

8. Aunque rebote, no es moral. Como humanos debemos estar en contra. Necesitamos que se mejore. Seremos como animales si no rechazamos los productos de estos paises - 1 Hablar en contra del grupo opuesto y dar conclusin 5. Podemos hacer fabricas hay que usar todo el dinero. Si protestan, la policia los arresta o mata. Pero tambien los que lo boicotean, hay gente que no tiene mucho dinero y son ellos los que lo compran porque solo pueden pagar poco para tener ropa a la

Que sea resuelto que debemos boicotear la ropa hecha en pases donde no se respetan los derechos humanos de los trabajadores 5. En conclusion 5. 6. Los ninos alla no pueden asistir a la escuela. Si no compramos de alla, tendremos mas trabajo aqui. Preferimos que los ninos de

alla no trabajen y asistan a la escuela. 1 En conclusion 5. Pensamos que las fabricas sufriran si no se respetan los derechos de los trabajadores porque no pueden vender su ropa en diferentes paises. 1 Calentamiento 1-35 Lee el articulo Enumera los verbos en el imperfecto Tradcelos

1-36 Contesta las preguntas sobre el artculo Discussing popular cars in the past; Using the preterit and the imperfect Overview/Purpose: Preterit vs. imperfect Content Objective: To distinguish between the uses of the preterit and the imperfect and to be able to conjugate them properly Language Objective: To complete a passage with the correct tense

(preterit/imperfect) and conjugation. Preterit versus Imperfect (El pretrito versus el imperfecto) In Spanish, the use of the preterit and the imperfect reflects the way the speaker views the action or event being expressed. The uses of these two tenses are compared on the following slides. Criteria for the use of the preterit 1. An action that the speaker views as terminated or completed.

V Me cas en 1981. I got married in 1981. Alfredo sali para Espaa ayer. Alfredo left for Spain yesterday. Berta compr un coche nuevo el ao pasado. Berta bought a new car last year.

Criteria for the use of the preterit 2. An action or state that occupies a limited period of time. Lorena estudi por dos horas. Lorena studied for two hours. Los nios pasaron todo el da en el parque. The children spent the whole day in the park. Estuvimos en Oaxaca todo el mes de julio. We were in Oaxaca the entire month of July.

Criteria for the use of the preterit 3. A past action with a specific and indicated beginning or ending. El concierto comenz a las siete. The concert began at seven. Empec a trabajar en el proyecto esta maana. I began to work on the project this morning.

Ces de llover a eso de las cinco de la tarde. It stopped raining around five in the afternoon. Criteria for the use of the preterit 4. Completed events that occurred in a series. V V

V Carlos entr en la farmacia, vio a su exnovia y sali inmediatamente. Carlos entered the Pharmacy, saw his ex-girlfriend, and left immediately. Criteria for the use of the preterit 5. Changes in mental, physical, and emotional conditions or states in the past. Alejandra se puso furiosa cuando vio el

cuarto en desorden. Alejandra became furious when she saw the messy room. Estuve nerviosa durante la I was nervous during the interview (but now Im entrevista. not). Criteria for the use of the preterit 6. Weather and scenes as events or within specific time parameters. Ayer fue un da horrible. Llovi e hizo

mucho viento. Yesterday was a horrible day. It rained and was very windy. Criteria for the use of the imperfect 1. Description of what was happening in the past, usually in relation to another event or at a given time, with no reference to the beginning or end of an action. "was . . . ing"

Rosa hablaba mientras miraba sus compras. Rosa was talking while she was looking at her purchases. Criteria for the use of the imperfect 2. Habitual actions or events in the past. "used to" "would" Pedro coma en ese restaurante todos los sbados.

Pedro used to eat at that restaurant every Saturday. Ana iba de compras todo el Ana used to go shopping all the time. tiempo. Criteria for the use of the imperfect 3. Time of day and age in the past. Eran las once de la noche. It was eleven oclock at night. Paco tena diez aos cuando aprendi

a nadar. Paco was ten years old when he learned to swim. Criteria for the use of the imperfect 4. Mental, physical, and emotional conditions or states in the past. Alicia estaba contenta durante el Alicia was happy during the concert. concierto. Nos sentamos mal despus de comer We felt sick after eating there.

all. Juan pensaba que necesitaba ms dinero del que tena para el viaje. Juan thought that he needed more money than he had for the trip. Criteria for the use of the imperfect 5. Sets the scene (weather, activities in progress, etc.) for other actions and events that take place. Haca muy mal tiempo y llova. Yo lea en mi cuarto y esperaba la llamada. The weather was bad and it was raining. I was

reading in my room and waiting for the call. Criteria for the use of the imperfect 6. Indirect statements. Juan dijo que su hermano venda su coche. Juan said that his brother was selling his car. Teodoro afirm que su hermano deca la verdad. Teodoro stated that his brother was telling the truth.

Criteria for the use of the imperfect The preterit and the imperfect tenses are often used together. In the following examples, the imperfect describes what was happening or in progress when another action (in the preterit) interrupted and took place. Conversbamos con el dependiente cuando Lourdes entr en la joyera. We were talking with the clerk when Lourdes entered the jewelry store. Las chicas salan de la tienda cuando Jorge las vio. The girls were leaving the store when Jorge

saw them. Imperfect vs. Preterit Clues Imperfect describes & Preterit tells what happened Context: As fue (thats how it happened) As era (thats how it was) Ayer fue un da horrible. Yesterday was a horrible day. The point is that the day was horrible Era un da horrible It was a difficult day.

This is background information for the actions that will be narrated Imperfect phrases vs. Preterit phrases PRETERIT Anoche (last night) Anteayer (day before yesterday) Ayer (yesterday) Esta maana (this morning) El fin de semana pasado (last weekend) El mes pasado

IMPERFECT A menudo (often) Con frecuencia (frequently,w/ frequency) De vez en cuando (from time to time) Muchas veces (lots of times) Frecuentemente (frequently) Todos los lunes/ martes/ etc. Every Monday/Tuesday/etc. Last month

el lunes/ martes pasado, etc. Last Monday/Tuesday, etc. Una vez One time Siempre (when end point is obvious) Always

Todas las semanas /das/meses (every week/day/month) Siempre (when event is repeated w/ no particular end)--always Mientras (while, meanwhile) Cuando viva en. (when I use to live in..)

Cuando tena # aos (when I was # yrs old) Haba una vez (Once upon a time) De nio-a/pequeo-a Cuando era nio-a A practicar Completa la actividad 1-36. Preprense para presentar sus ideas/conclusiones Complete 1-38 Pre-escritura pgina 28

Theme/Title: Preterit vs. imperfect Overview/Purpose: Talking about personal experiences in the past; Content Objective: Using the preterit vs. the imperfect in context Language Objective: To write a paragraph about what they used to do (1-40 Calentamiento In preparation for 1-40, write a list of important things that have happened in your life so far

Complete 1-37 by creating senteces using the preterit and imperfect based on the matching. Calentamiento 1-37 Los jefes de estado que vivieron la historia. List the questions you compiled to interview the heads of state Ask students to share with the class information they know about each event.

Cuntos aos tenas? En qu grado de la escuela estabas? Dnde estabas? Cmo te sentas? Cmo eras? Practice: Do activities 1-42 Las carreras de Milka Duno

and 1-43 Preguntas discretas e indiscretas. Personalize: On Blackboard(15 min.) Have students first write about a personal achievement in activity 1-45 Un logro personal, and then divide them in groups of three to share their personal achievements. FIN

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