Argument Introduction Activity: 11/1/16 Congratulations! President Obama has
Argument Introduction Activity: 11/1/16 Congratulations! President Obama has given you permission to create and enforce a new law in the United States. Assume that Congress will agree with and automatically pass your law. Write it down now.
Part II: Convincing the People Now, you must convince the people of the United States that your law is a good idea. List the reasons why they should support the law. Consider the following: - What makes you a credible law-maker? - Why is your law logical? - How will it help people live a better life? - Who would endorse the law?
Argumentative Writing What is an Argumentative Essay? Addresses both sides of a claim. Uses evidence to prove a claim. Uses counterclaims to disprove the other sides claim. What is a claim?
In an argument, the writers position on an issue or problem. Example: Sea World should be shut down because it promotes animal cruelty. What is a counterclaim? A claim made to disprove the other sides point of view Original Claim: Sea World should be shut down because it promotes animal cruelty. Counterclaim: Some argue that Sea World provides a means of
teaching children about marine life; however, they can learn the same information from books and the Internet instead. What techniques are used in Argumentative Writing? Uses four writing techniques Logical Appeal (logos) Ethical Appeal (ethos) Emotional Appeal (pathos) Cultural/Social Appeal (mythos)
What is logical appeal (logos)? The use of cited evidence to support the claim. Facts, statistics, charts/graphs, etc. Claim: Sea World should be shut down because it promotes animal cruelty. Logos: Sea World has logged over 100 incidents of orca aggression, many of which have resulted in trainer injury or death (Bradford 2).
What is ethical appeal (ethos)? The writer uses evidence that is fair and honest to appear knowledgeable. The writer convinces the reader that he/she is credible and should be trusted. Claim: Sea World should be shut down because it promotes animal cruelty. Ethos: The U.S. Department of Agriculture issued an official
warning to SeaWorld for its repeated failure to secure enclosures, which resulted in the death of a sea lion (Sea World News). What is emotional appeal (pathos)? When the writer uses emotions to connect with the reader. The writer appeals to certain feelings, such as fear or pity Claim: Sea World should be shut down because it promotes
animal cruelty. Pathos: Beautiful, majestic creatures such as orcas, should not have to suffer abuse and poor living conditions. What is social/cultural appeal (mythos)? The writer makes references to common information or public figures. The writer wants you to feel as if you are part of a social community.
Claim: Sea World should be shut down because it promotes animal cruelty. Example: Actor Matt Damon tweeted, Ive never been a fan of places like [Sea World]I think they should just shut them all down (Anderson). Check for Understanding Claim: Students should not receive homework. Directions: Identify each piece of supporting information as
ethos, logos, pathos, or mythos. 1. Students are exhausted after a long day of school, sports, and socializing it is terribly cruel to make them work even harder! 2. A study by a group of Australian researchers found that students who spent more time on homework received lower test scores. 3. Albert Einstein dropped out of school entirely and still lived a successful life. 4. The writer is an award-winning journalist who cited
research articles and interviews with students in her work. Homework: On a separate sheet of paper, convince your parents to buy you something that youre dying to have (new cell phone, car when you turn 16, puppy, etc.) How can you appeal to them using: Logos? Ethos?
Pathos? Mythos? (Make sure to clearly label each on your paper) How can you anticipate and address their objections?
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