Shared Culture Both were independent city-states Both speak

Shared Culture  Both were independent city-states  Both speak

Shared Culture Both were independent city-states Both speak Greek/used Greek alphabet Participated in ancient Olympics Worshiped same gods Enemies of the Persian

Empire Government Direct Democracy - the people rule Male citizens could vote for laws, elect officials, be elected to office, and serve on a jury

About 20% of population were citizens Military Maintained an army and a navy Military was not a priority Strongest navy in

Greece Allowed them to control nearby seas Education Only wealthy families sent sons to school Boys received a wellrounded education

Classes in logic, public speaking, and philosophy 2 years of military training at 18 Economy Based on trade Goods bought

and sold at a huge agora (market) Developed its own coin Culture Valued art, beauty, and the free exchange of

ideas Architecture, sculpture, paintings, poetry, theater Physical fitness and beauty very important Women Girls received little to no

education Most learned household crafts (weaving/sewing) Arranged marriages at young age Few rights, must obey husbands/fathers Could only leave the house on special

occasions Slaves Born slaves or captured in war Performed a variety of jobs Some were highly skilled

Sometimes worked in silver mines s is SPARTA Government Oligarchy rule of the few

Included parts of oligarchy, monarchy, and democracy Ruled by two hereditary kings Elected officials ran dayto-day activities Didnt allow Spartans to travel Usually didnt allow

Military Society dominated by the military First priority of citizens was to be a good soldier All men served until they were 60 Most disciplined, welltrained, and feared military

force in the world Education Weak babies left outside to die/be eaten Boys sent to military school at 7 Toughened by strict diet, hard exercise, and rigid discipline Encouraged to steal/punished if

caught Fitness test at 20 determined if they could be soldiers Couldnt marry/live at home until 30 Economy Relied on farming and conquering other people

Discouraged trade (feared new ideas) Used iron bars instead of coins Bars too heavy to steal but not desired by other citystates Culture Completely

centered around war No great feats of art/literature Did not care about wimpy things Women Enjoyed more freedom than

other Greek women Expected to produce healthy sons Girls trained in sports like running, wrestling, and javelin throw Wives stayed home while husbands live in barracks Could own property and go

anywhere they wanted Slaves Conquered neighbors became helots (slaves) Outnumbered Spartan citizens and always ready to rebel Treated harshly

Some rights Marry freely Sell surplus crops Buy their freedom Ancient Greek Wife Swap Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC)

Sparta invaded Athens Sparta stronger army, Athens stronger navy Sparta and allies block Athens food supply Athens surrenders All Greek city-states were weakened by this war

Journal Entry In your opinion, which society did women fair better in? Explain your answer with at least two reasons.

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