2018 L4: Big Idea 2-Understand and Analyze-Initial Searches
2018 L4: Big Idea 2-Understand and Analyze-Initial Searches and Annotated Bibliographies The Annotated Bibliography When 2018 preparing for your inquiry quest, you must seek out and interpret information from sources to provide rationale for your choices along your journey. Annotated bibliographies help researchers keep track of their searches, information that was found, and the relevance of such information to their own inquiry. The Annotated Bibliography Each
2018 annotated bibliographic entry usually contains: the citation of the source (using a discipline-specific citation style) a summary of the significant findings or key information from the source an evaluation of the credibility and relevance of the source as it pertains to ones inquiry direct quotes from the source that are applicable to ones inquiry (if necessary) A reflection on whether or not the source will be used in ones academic paper and if not, why not. Annotated Bibliography vs. Bibliography
An 2018 annotated bibliography is a TOOL to help students evaluate and reflect on sources they found according to their topic of inquiry. IT IS NOT PART of the ACADEMIC PAPER. The Bibliography/Works Cited/Reference component of the students academic paper should NOT be annotated. Annotated Bibliography vs. Bibliography 2018 The Bibliography/Works Cited/Reference component should contain full citations of the
sources that were actually quoted in-text in the paper (using appropriate discipline-specific style). If students WANT to include a Works Consulted component, that is fine, though NOT REQUIRED. Works Consulted or References (Supplemental) are full citations for sources that were not quoted in text in the paper but were consulted while on the inquiry journey. 2018 Discipline Specific Formats for Academic Papers What courses do you currently take that require a specific documentation style? Are you familiar with MLA, APA, Chicago and AMA documentation systems? If so, why and/or when would you choose a certain system over another? What types of writing were you using when you
employed a specific style? 2018 Discipline Specific Formats for Academic Papers Different academic disciplines use different paper formats and citation formats to emphasize certain styles of writing and research A cohesive paper chooses an appropriate discipline style and sticks to it Choice of a certain style further aligns the students work to the larger world of academia 2018 Discipline Specific Formats for Academic Papers
Its easier for you to write your academic paper using a disciplinespecific style if you have been practicing that style all year long with your annotated bibliographies (for example). L4:Practice I 2018 2018 What is Emphasized is What is Valued Using the following website(s) (and questions to guide you), complete the table of discipline specific styles.
https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/purdue_owl.html https://www.lib.jmu.edu/research-support-teac hing/ 2018 What is Emphasized is What is Valued Consider the following questions as you complete the table below: a. How do the in-text citations compare among the styles? What is emphasized? What is deemphasized? b. What do the differences among the styles of the disciplines indicate about what evidence or knowledge is important to the discipline? For MLA? APA? Chicago? AMA? c. What does the discipline-specific style tell you about what is valued by the discipline? Style
MLA Discipline Bibliography Entry for (s) a journal article Devine, Patricia G., and Steven J. Sherman. "Intuitive Versus Rational Judgment and the Role of Stereotyping in the Human Condition: Kirk or Spock?" Psychological Inquiry 3.2 (1992): 153-59. Print. In-text Citations During the turbulent 1960s, science fiction programs on
television reflected the public's attitudes toward the older generation (Hodges 179). Hodges discussed how, during the turbulent 1960s, science fiction programs on television reflected the public's attitudes toward the older generation (179). Evidence Emphasized Discipline Specific Formats for Academic Papers
2018 MLA: emphasizes authors and page numbers usually uses present tense of verbs older sources acceptable Source: Palmquist, M. (2012). Using MLA style. In The Bedford Researcher, 4th ed. (pp. 331-361). New York: Bedford/St. Martins. Documentation DisciplineSystem specific Use MLA Humanities (English, philosophy,
linguistics, world languages, theatre) Example of In-Text Citation Example of Bibliographic Entry Though he clearly expressed concern with respect to the gap between science and religion, several of Darwin still found himself being asked questions about theology (Darwin 156). Works cited Darwin, Charles. Evolution: selected letters 1860-1870. Eds. Frederick Burkhardt, Alison Pearn, Samantha Evans. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008. Print.
Discipline Specific Formats for Academic Papers 2018 APA: emphasizes author and date; page numbers may be included often uses past tense of verbs sources more current to match new interpretations Source: Palmquist, M. (2012). Using APA style. In The Bedford Researcher, 4th ed. (pp. 362-391). New York: Bedford/St. Martins. Documentation DisciplineSystem specific Use APA
Social Sciences (psychology, sociology, anthropology, political science, economics, education) Example of In-Text Citation Example of Bibliographic Entry In a letter to Hooker in 1865, Darwin himself comments on Fitzroys suicide, suggesting that it perhaps was not unexpected (Darwin, 2008, p. 123). References Darwin, C. (2008). Evolution: selected letters, 1860-1870 (F.
Burkhardt, A. Pearn, & S. Evans, Eds.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Discipline Specific Formats for Academic Papers 2018 Chicago/Turabian: primarily used for historical/journalistic documentation footnotes may provide historical or textual context to citations in addition to citation information Source: Palmquist, M. (2012). Using Chicago style. In The Bedford Researcher, 4th ed. (pp. 392-421). New York: Bedford/St. Martins. Documentation
System Disciplinespecific Use Chicago/Turabian Humanities note systems (history, journalism) Example of In-Text Citation Example of Bibliographic Entry Darwin himself commented on the American civil war, in a letter to Asa Gray in 1862.1 In footnote: 1. I cannot bear the thought of the Slave-holders being triumphant C. Darwin, Evolution: selected letters 18601870, eds. Frederick Burkhardt, Alison Pearn, and Samantha Evans.
(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 2008), 43. Darwin, C. Evolution: selected letters, 1860-1870. Edited by Frederick Burkhardt, Alison Pearn, and Samantha Evans. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008. Required Academic Paper Element: The Bibliography 2018 You may find the task of keeping up with all of your
cited/paraphrased works in your academic paper. However, there are multiple ways to organize and manage ones sources as well , as create reference sections. The Difference Pre-Populated Citation Sources EBSCOhost Citation Generator EasyBib WorldCat Citation Machine
Study Modes Citation Manager MS Word 2018 Build a Bibliography is MS Word Text 3. Complete the Create Source information. 2018 1. In MS Word , go to the References tab. 2.Select the citation style that adheres to the type of research.
Build a Bibliography in MS Word 4. Select Insert Citation and choose the source to include an in-citation. 2018 5. Select Insert Bibliography for all sources to be displayed in a selected style. (Palmquist, 2012) Palmquist, M. (2012). Avoiding Plagiarism. In The Bedford Researcher (pp. 120-134). New York: Bedford/St. Martin. Build an Annotated Bibliography in MS Word 2018 Once the bibliography is inserted, you can create a separate document
that includes your notes, selected quotes, and rationale for choosing each source. Annotated Bibliography Palmquist, M. (2012). Avoiding Plagiarism. In The Bedford Researcher (pp. 120-134). New York: Bedford/St. Martin. Notes Quotes Rationale 2018 Crafting an Annotated Bibliography Entry Topic of Inquiry: Which teaching techniques
produce the greatest student retention of mathematical ideas? Create an annotated bibliography entry to show what about this article you think is significant or relevant to your inquiry and why. Mine the pages of the article for key phrases and messages. When mining for information, it is best to read the first two page of an article and the last two pages (right before the reference section) to get a good idea about the major points of the study. Make Sure Your Entry is Complete 2018 Each annotated bibliographic entry usually contains the following: the citation of the source (using a discipline-specific citation style)
a summary of the significant findings or key information from the source an evaluation of the credibility and relevance of the source as it pertains to ones inquiry direct quotes from the source that are applicable to ones inquiry (if necessary) A reflection on whether or not the source will be used in ones academic paper and if not, why not. Citation: JSTOR / Ebsco will have citations already made. Otherwise, manual create. APA: MLA: Chicago: APA: MLA: Chicago: APA: MLA:
Chicago: Annotation: 150 word or less summary of key points How or where I found this in the paper Use Appropriate Phrases in Your Annotated Bibliographic Entries 2018 Example in APA 2018 Misconception Alert #1 2018 You may think that accessing academic resources is difficult. However, if you work with your media
specialist on developing skills for effective searches and engaging with university libraries and large databases, this task will not seem so daunting. Misconception Alert #2 2018 You may think that: an online search to collect many sources is sufficient evidence of research. Doing a series of online searches is not research. You must understand what you have read and reflect on its use in helping you make choices along your inquiry journey. A foundational area of the course that is critical to you achieving course mastery is performing and reflecting on literature searches you have performed. Annotated bibliography entries in the your Process and Reflection Portfolio (PREP) will provide evidence of intentional searches and reflection.
Search SMARTER You 2018 need to be taught how to manage your time, how to search SMARTER and how to ENGAGE with your sources to determine what sources to use in your literature review and what sources to use to provide rationale for your choices in the inquiry process. 2018 Finding and Engaging with Sources: SMARTER Situate Method Annotate Reference Transfer Evaluate Reflect- SMARTER Searches 2018
Word Meaning Guiding Question for Student Situate- Find key words from a source to align/revise your question and to search for other sources What key words are you using and why? Are they effective? Method- Look for what and how findings were developed in previous studies
Did you look at methods from other studies to help you choose yours? Annotate- Document/cite a source with an annotation on how it relates to your study Why did you choose this source? How is it related to your study? Reference- Use bibliographies of the source to mine for other sources and other key words Did you look at the bibliography of your favorite source to find other important sources? Transfer-
Identify key quotes or elements of the source that you will add to your research Do you have solid evidence from a source to back up your claims? How is your work related to someone elses work? Evaluate- Consider bias, gaps: be critical What about this source makes it important or unimportant? Are there alternative perspectives you have yet to explore? Reflect- Use your PREP journal to record insights after engaging with several sources
What AHA moment did you have when reading your sources this week? What can you do in the next three days with what youve learned? Evaluating Annotated Bibliographies Annotated Bibliography Sample # Problem with the usefulness of the entry to the students inquiry process Sample 1 There is a listing of METHOD; ANNOTATE; websites/sources without information as to how this information is relevant to topic and inquiry process.
Student provides a good method, REFERENCE; EVALUATE annotation, and transfer; but can improve the usefulness by using the bibliographic references in the source. The student could also include an evaluation of the sources importance/unimportance to his/her research. Sample 3 2018 Description of SMARTER acronym component where the student could show improvement Reflection-Include your response in your Trello.
2018 What criteria will you use to determine the appropriate style for your academic paper? What resources will you use to ensure you are accurately, consistently applying a chosen style to your academic paper? What will you include in each of your annotated bibliography entries to ensure you are moving beyond summarizing a resource to engaging with the resource to situate your work within a larger academic community? How can you use initial searches to clarify or refine your question and method?
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