ON BOARD DEVICE BASICS Prepared by: Jim Angel PeopleNet Dave Kraft Qualcomm Tom Cuthbertson XATA 1 DISCLAIMERS The content of this presentation reflects the experience and views of the individual preparers of this material. This presentation is intended to provide a basic level of understanding about electronic HOS capabilities as are widely implemented in the US. The materials are not intended to provide any representations for products and services. They also should not be considered as a definitive reference of requirements and system performance
capabilities. The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) does not endorse or recommend any specific products and services for electronic driver logs and related systems. FMCSA is not responsible for the factual content of the presented materials, nor that the representation of device capabilities are consistent with regulations. 2 TRAINING OUTLINE Electronic HOS Defined Basic Configuration
On-Board Devices Electronic HOS Support Systems Three Basic Options Driver Convenience Carrier Convenience
Inspection Process 3 ELECTRONIC HOS DEFINED 4 ON BOARD DEVICE TODAY
AOBRD 395.15 Final rule in 1988 GPS not yet available Engine Control Module (ECM) not yet available Currently confused in the market with anything that provides any type of electronic information Laptop Tachograph Smart Phone (395.8 app) Etc. Defined as: an electric, electronic, electromechanical, or mechanical device capable of recording driver's duty status information accurately and automatically.
Market has driven requested features such as: Communication to/from driver and carrier Engine monitoring MPG reporting
Automated fuel tax reporting GPS location information Driver HOS alerts Carrier compliance tools Driver performance
5 WHAT IS AN ONBOARD DEVICE NOW?
Device features expanded greatly over last decade Report and monitor MPG ECM data and fault codes Integration with routing and dispatch software Navigation, with turn by turn directions Electronic Hours of Service Support system web sites for real time information Compliance and payroll reports and much more Qualcomm MCP 200 XATA Turnpike
PeopleNet BLU 2 6 BASIC CONFIGURATION 7 HOW DOES IT WORK? 8 INFORMATION FLOWS 9 ONBOARD DEVICES
10 VEHICLE SYSTEM OVERVIEW Device Requirements 395.15 Regulation Unique driver/co-driver ID and login ECM /GPS used to detect vehicle movement for automated start and stop of driving time Driver makes manual entries for non-driving duty status events Devices vary in appearance and features 395.15 only defines data for inspection display and not standard formats
Wireless transmission to support Unique ID for all drivers Vehicle synchronization for drive recording Basic duty status event recording Basic display requirements Sensor failure detection / alert Market Driven Capabilities Grid-graph and other added display features GPS and map database (for automatic location recording) Wireless log synchronization between on-board system and host support system (for compliance management) On-board device and driver ID
authenticated at host system 11 VEHICLE SYSTEM ISSUES FOR MANDATED ELECTRONIC LOGGING SYSTEMS Certification: Hardware technology has many options subject to performance requirements Self-certification = no standard approach to testing Security Controls: (requirements not specified) System integrity verified with installation and data diagnostics Driver ID and vehicle device ID validated by support system
Trusted uploads from support system to maintain current logs for drivers Buyer beware without 3rd party certification Enforcement Interface: No standard formats to support manual roadside inspections Limited access to information about annotations, sensor failures, log data gaps/exceptions, and position details Data transfers via USB or Wi-Fi hotspots (802.11) are not necessarily to be trusted 12
ELECTRONIC HOS SUPPORT SYSTEMS 13 SUPPORT SYSTEM OVERVIEW Support System Capabilities 395.15 Logs submitted within 13 days Basic log data record content Log data retained for 6 months Security features of providers ensure data is secure and private Support system must not allow data alteration or deletion Web portal access and features provide compliance
management and log data reviews Driver log archives available for inspection access with similar presentation to a paper log Archive in location separate from device Carrier Driven Enhancements Logs submitted near real-time Log archive with structured data records Archive in cloud services model with access controls by service provider Annotation features with audit trail and update to on-board unit HOS displays/alerts Web portal for driver access
14 SUPPORT SYSTEM ISSUES FOR MANDATED ELECTRONIC LOGGING SYSTEMS Certification: Support system often has many features beyond what is required in the rule Security Controls: (requirements not specified) Certification complexity of large scale systems Trusted data transfers between vehicle system and support system via wireless networks
Enforcement Interface: Support system access controls for log reviews and corrections Data transfers via USB or CD-ROM for investigations are not necessarily to be trusted Support system access controls for controlled issuance of driver IDs Technical access controls to prevent manipulation of log archives Update of vehicle system software in trusted manner
Incomplete specifications for data formatting and transfer protocols Data transfers from support system via web services have not been identified for use with investigations 15 ELECTRONIC HOS FUNCTIONALITY Logs are typically synchronized with support system in near real time: There can be an combination of the following: at each
time of duty status change, end of day and/or beginning of day Ensures carrier management reviews and log corrections are updated timely in 7 & 8 day logs Affords slip seat operations or shift operations to have up to date logs without paper for each driver Logs automatically follow driver to different truck 16
BASIC OPTIONS 17 PRIMARY SYSTEMS DESIGN Common features: Majority of devices today have wireless connectivity via cellular/satellite or both Near real-time communication between carrier and driver GPS, and automated locations for duty status change
Auto duty status change based on vehicle movement Basic Options: Fleet management system system mounted in vehicle Handheld device and smart phone system ECM interface box in vehicle but display units can operate outside vehicle Devices that only do electronic driver logs not really used today or not
really compliant Lap-top Tachograph Smart Phone (395.8 app) Etc. 18 FLEET MANAGEMENT SYSTEM System features: Electronic HOS is an application
Turnkey system approach for hardware/services Telematics services Integrated GPS tracking Integrated vehicle data monitoring services Log archive services Carrier portal for records and compliance mgmt Other applications and services also available Security: Requires driver login
Software updates controlled by provider, and only given by support tech, or OTA, (Over the Air) service Data access only through the HOS application Data auto archived Secure Web-based access to correct or edit logs Secure driver Web access for logs review and entry of nondriving events Secure auto data sync with host system and 19
HANDHELD DEVICE & SMART PHONE SYSTEMS System features: Electronic HOS is an application Device & wireless services may be purchased separately Additional black box for vehicle interface Integrated GPS tracking Log archive services Carrier portal for records and compliance
management Other applications and services also available Security: Requires driver login System security features to manage unique driver ID. Software and update controlled by end user Proprietary data protection applied Data auto archived Secure Web-based access to correct or edit logs
Secure driver Web access for logs review and entry of nondriving events Secure auto data sync with host system and 20 DRIVER CONVENIENCE 21 DRIVER FEATURES
Current HOS available time PeopleNet SafeMode Proactive warnings when time in last hour Enter/View/annotate duty status (no driving) Enter/Edit load & trailer data Display summary, graph and detail views Display 24 hour and 7 & 8 day log views Review/Approve logs Generate log report/fax for inspection (if needed) Auto duty status change based on start and stop 22 Qualcomm
Screen CARRIER CONVENIENCE 23 CARRIER FEATURES Current HOS available
Load planning HOS compliance Enter/View/Edit duty status Violations alert and reporting available HOS alerts when drivers running out of time Display 24 Hour and 7 and 8 day log views Review/Approve logs Print logs for driver or for audit Multiple reports tied to HOS for payroll, and driver utilization Driver behavior Productivity Many others that assist in carrier and vehicle management 24 ROADSIDE INSPECTION PROCESS
25 THE INSPECTION EXPERIENCE 26 27 QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE (REQUIRED) 28 THE INSPECTION EXPERIENCE 29
DRIVER LOG REPORT QUALCOMM 30 CAB CARD EXAMPLE 31 32 33 SUMMARY Carriers using on-board devices for a lot more than
HOS compliance Carrier compliance Routing Dispatch Planning Payroll Violation reports
Ability to print, fax, or email drivers logs to enforcement, roadside or in a CR Voluntary adoption is growing for more reasons than HOS Electronic HOS providers actively provide and participate in training enforcement on displays for inspection 34 THANK YOU Jim Angel PeopleNet Dave Kraft Qualcomm Tom Cuthbertson XATA 35
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