Zapatista Movement Impact & Political Outcomes in Mexico

Zapatista Movement Impact & Political Outcomes in Mexico

Zapatista Movement Impact & Political Outcomes in Mexico Standards SS6H3 The student will analyze important 20th century issues in Latin America and the Caribbean.

b. Explain the impact and political outcomes of the Zapatista guerrilla movement in Mexico. Teachers Picture Analysis Activity Put the students into six groups, and give each group one of the following pictures. Have the students look at the picture and make predictions about what is happening in the picture. The students should complete the Picture Analysis handout. Have the groups share their picture & answers with the class. After all pictures have been shared,

have the class make a prediction about who the Zapatistas are and what they are fighting for. *All of the pictures are of the Zapatistas. I have found that most students know nothing about this organization, so the Picture Analysis has been a good way to spark their interest in the topic, especially after they see the masked men and weapons. Picture 1

Picture 2 Picture 3 Picture 4 Picture 5 Picture 6

Teachers Print off the following page for each student. They should complete the graphic organizer while discussing the presentation. Zapatista Movement

Impact & Political Outcomes in Mexico What are Guerillas? They are generally small military groups that are made up of non-traditional soldiers. These groups do not represent an entire country, but rather a common cause or idea.

Guerillas use surprise attacks and sabotage (known as guerilla warfare) to attack their enemies. Zapatistas The Zapatistas are a guerilla group who support improved rights and living conditions for Mexicos indigenous (native) people.

The group consists primarily of poor farmers and workers of indigenous American ancestry. They specifically fight for the Warm-Up 4/18/2017 Write in your agenda. Who are the Zapatistas? Why are they against NAFTA?

Zapatista Beliefs work, land, shelter, food, health, education, independence, freedom, democracy, justice and peace. They stand firm on the following: Believe in and promote collective decision making in communities Stand against current government structure-- leadership that is not tied directly to the community and people making the rules

Government from the bottom up rather than the top downlike a confederacy rather than unitary structure No political affiliations like democrat, republicanetc. No reliance/ dependence on the use of violence to get their point across. No reliance on money from other countries (foreign investors) Anti-discrimination [racism & sexism (color/ ethnicity & gender do not matter)]so, they wear masks to cover their faces and other clothing to cover their skin Pro-environment deeply concerned about preserving the environment

(recyclingetc.). Zapatista Wants Control over their local resources (LAND) They have been losing control of the land they have lived and worked on since the days of the European invasion. They have been left with no land to live or work on. The government has used the land and left the communities with no way to grow food or make a living. There is little

concern for the education, healthcare, etc. of the people. Improved human rights (healthcare, housing, education, jobs, infrastructureetc.) Racial equality (X wealthy landowners vs majority poor citizens) Why Wear Masks Conceal Individual Identity- so that no one person can stand out & gender is concealed

Seen as a GROUP, not as individuals\ See no gender, race, or religion Delegate Zero is their spokesperson & does not wear a mask. Uniform- group is recognized abroad, brings them together/ unites them, gives their cause a face etc. Inspiration

The Zapatistas get their name from one of the leaders of the Mexican Revolution, Emiliano Zapata. Zapata is a Mexican symbol for rising up against a government that oppresses the people. Zapata did not create the Zapatistas, but his lifetime achievements inspired the name of the group.

Chiapas The Zapatistas are located in the Chiapas region of southern Mexico, directly above Guatemala. Chiapas is a resource-rich state. It produces over of Mexicos hydroelectric power. Its the 2nd largest petroleumproducing state.

Whats the Big Deal? Chiapas has the worst rates of poverty (and low SOL) in Mexico. Three-fourths of its people are malnourished. Over half live in dwellings with dirt floors. 19% of the population has no income. 39% earn less than minimum wage ($3 per day). Chiapas is a huge contributor to the global

economy (water, oil, etc.), but its people are getting very little in return. There is a huge division between the rich and the poor in the state. Leader of Zapatistas Subcomandante Marcos

"The "The natural natural wealth wealth that that leaves leaves these these lands lands doesn't

doesn't travel travel over over just just these these three three roads roads (leading

(leading to to Chiapas). Chiapas). Chiapas Chiapas is is bled bled through through thousands

thousands of of veins: veins: through through oil oil ducts ducts and and gas gas ducts,

ducts, over over electric electric wires, wires, by by railroad railroad cars, cars, through

through bank bank accounts, accounts, by by trucks trucks and and vans, vans, by by ships

ships and and planes...And planes...And what what tribute tribute does does this this land

land continue continue to to pay pay to to various various empires? empires? Oil, Oil, electric

electric energy, energy, cattle, cattle, money, money, bananas, bananas, honey, honey, corn, corn, cocoa,

cocoa, tobacco, tobacco, sugar, sugar, soy...and soy...and Chiapan Chiapan blood blood flows flows out

out through through a a thousand thousand and and one one fangs fangs sunk

sunk into into the the neck neck of of southeastern southeastern Mexico." Mexico."

Chiapas Roadside Sign: You are in Zapatista rebel territory. Here the people command and the government

obeys. Time for Change The Zapatistas want to eliminate the division between the social classes in Chiapas (wealthy vs. poor). They feel that the indigenous people of Mexico need more help to improve healthcare, housing, education, and jobs.

They have tried to peacefully negotiate with Mexicos government, but those agreements have not solved the peoples problems NAFTAs Impact In 1994, the North American Free Trade Agreement came into effect and allowed free trade between US, Canada, and Mexico. Some people in Mexico did not like this plan:

They believed that NAFTA would allow cheap farm goods to come into Mexico from the US. They felt NAFTA benefitted the wealthy and hurt the poor Native American farmers by lowering prices of crops like coffee and corn. They feared that farmers in Mexico would not be able to compete with the cheaper food. NAFTA & Zapatistas

On the day NAFTA took effect (Jan. 1, 1994), the Zapatistas used guerilla tactics and took over 7 towns in their part of Mexico (state of Chiapas). 100+ deaths (Mexican govt. soldiers & peasants) Zap. blew up telephone & electrical towers in Mexico City Car bombs in Mexico City The Mexican army was sent in to remove the Zapatistas w/ force.

Fighting lasted for several weeks until a cease-fire eventually ended it. Armed Takeover in Chiapas 1994 Zapatista Warfare Since 1995, negotiations have stopped This makes villages fight with each other meaning neighbors are hurting & killing each other over disagreements.

Even though the 1994 revolt was put down by the Mexican National Army, the Zapatistas did not go away. They received recognition from governments worldwide, and the revolt helped put pressure on the Mexican government to fix the problems in the Chiapas region. In 1997, the Mexican govt. killed 45 people for their support of the Zapatistas!

Zapatistas Today Zap. Rely on the internet & cell phones to maintain communication & gain international support. The Mexican government and the Zapatistas are working constantly to come up with solutions in Chiapas. The Zapatistas want more money and assistance from the government in helping

to make the Chiapas region a better place to live. Teachers Thank you for downloading this file. I hope you enjoy using it with your students, and I cant wait to read your feedback in my TPT store! For more social studies materials, please visit my store: I teach Language Arts and Social Studies in Georgia, so my products

are aligned with Common Core (LA) and Georgia Performance Standards (SS). Copyright 2013. Brain Wrinkles. All rights reserved. Permission is granted to copy pages specifically designed for student or teacher use by the original purchaser or licensee. The reproduction of any other part of this product is strictly prohibited. Copying any part of this product and placing it on the Internet in any form (even a personal/classroom website) is strictly forbidden. Doing so makes it possible for an Internet search to make the document available on the Internet, free of charge, and is a violation of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA).

Credits: All photos were found via Creative Commons and labeled for reuse. Fonts: Backgrounds & Graphics:

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