Topic 1: Social Psychology Content to describe social
Topic 1: Social Psychology Content to describe social impact theory All pupils will be able to Outline the theory with reference to sources, targets, SIN, multiplicative and divisional effects Latanes idea that
social impact can be predicted using a mathematical equation. Most pupils will be able to Apply the new terminology to explain example from obedience research
Outline why it is difficult to measure strength compared with immediacy and number Some pupils will be able to Evaluate social impact theory with reference
to key term reductionism Can you apply the terminology to the following studies Milgram (1963): People obeyed in the Milgram study because. Hofling (1966): People obeyed in the Hofling study becausehowever obedience might have been even higher if Milgram (1963): Obedience was reduced in the
disobedient stooges variation because Use as many keywords from your glossary sheet in each answer Latanes Mathematical formula I= f(SIN) the multiplicative effect I is the impact F is as a function of (is dependent on) SIN; is strength X immediacy x
number Think! How would you measure strength, immediacy and number? Think about how we would quantify (give a number to) STRENGTH (the importance of the source to the target)? What problems might arise when we try to decide this? Is the data NOI or R?
Thinking about strength These men all asked passers-bys to give them a small amount of line, or to stand just a little further away in the pavement How do they differ in strength as sources? What does this depend upon? (This is Bickmans (1974) field experiment on obedience) Think about strength
These people are all homeless, their presence might have some impact on the people passing by. How could we measure the impact? Do they differ in strength as sources? How do we measure the strength of the source on the target? How would we measure IMMEDIACY? How might the units used differ to the units used to measure STRENGTH? Is the data nominal, ordinal interval or
ratio (NOI R)? Okay so NUMBER is pretty straight forwardis this type of data similar or different to STRENGTH and IMMEDIACY? How do the answers to these questions relate to the key terms objective and subjective. Is the data NOI or R?
Reductionism in Psychology breaking down a complex phenomenon into apparently simple parts (constituents) analysing and describing a complex phenomenon in terms of its simple or fundamental constituents assuming that this simple explanation is sufficient to understand the phenomena Reductionism and Social Impact Theory
WEAKNESS: One weakness of Social Impact Theory is that it can be seen as a very reductionist way of understanding the intricacies of interpersonal interaction. It fails to understand the idea that it is really hard to measure strength This perception is based on so many different things and the judgement is subjective each targets perception of the source will vary according to which things are most important to them; an outsider cant judge this
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