Wallace, Steven J. www.revelationandcreation.com Laodicea Revelation 3:14-22 02/22/2020

Wallace, Steven J. www.revelationandcreation.com Laodicea Revelation 3:14-22 02/22/2020

Wallace, Steven J. www.revelationandcreation.com Laodicea Revelation 3:14-22 02/22/2020 Seven Churches of Asia 1 Laodicea lies at a major crossroads in the valleys

of Asia Minor. The city was situated on a hill overlooking fertile valleys and majestic mountains. In Roman times, the city was an important center for administration and commerce. Court cases from the region were heard at Laodicea and funds were placed in the city's banks for safekeeping. Although damaged by earthquakes during the reign of Augustus (27 B.C.-A.D.14) and again in 3 A.D. 60, the city kept rebuilding and prospering.

http://www.luthersem.edu/ckoester/Revelation/main.htm Laodicea was a center for the regional textile industry. The sheep that grazed in the nearby valleys produced a black wool that was exceptionally soft. The wool was bought and sold in the city's markets. http://www.luthersem.edu/ckoester/Revelation/main.htm 4 www.holylandphotos.org Laodicea had its own theater. The city also had a stadium, gymnasium, etc. Gladiatorial games

were held in the stadium. 5 Laodicea had its own theater. The city also had a stadium, gymnasium, etc. Gladiatorial games were held in the stadium. 6 For I bear him record, that he hath a great zeal for you, and them that are in Laodicea, and them in Hierapolis (Col. 4:13) Across the valley from

Laodicea was the city of Hieropolis, which was located http://www.luthersem.edu/ckoester/Revelation/Laodicea/Hieropolis.htm above the large white mineral deposits at the center of the photo. Since Hieropolis is much better preserved than Laodicea, a tour of its streets and buildings can help to show something of urban life in this area (http://www.luthersem.edu/ckoester/ Revelation/Laodicea/Hieropolis.htm) courtesy of www.holylandphotos.org

Laodicea Hierapoli s Colossae 8 Hierapolis, hot H2O Colossae, cold Laodicea, in the middle/lukewarm H O 2 Across the valley from Laodicea is an enormous hot

spring. The white mineral deposits from the spring are visible for miles across the valley. http://www.luthersem.edu/ckoester/Revelation/main.htm The town of 9 Hierapolis was built near this spring. http://www.luthersem.edu/ckoester/Revelation/main.htm HIERAPOLIS - main street lined by a massive colonnade. Laodicea would have10

looked comparable! http://www.luthersem.edu/ckoester/Revelation/main.htm The pavement on the main street of Hieropolis shows the ruts left by wheeled vehicles that passed this way. The streets of Laodicea would also have been filled with traffic 11 passing along the main routes of commerce in central commentary The Church at Laodicea Salutation (3:14) The Amen the word Amen Greek Letter

a h n was transliterated a m e n from the Hebrew Transliteration into the Greek and then into many other languages; it is a near universal word. It means firm, surely, so be it, agreement The Faithful & True Witness The Beginning of the Creation of God

(cf. Col. 1:16) 12 The Preeminence of Christ as The Beginning THE CHRIST, THE THE CHRIST, THE CREATION, THE CHURCH And to the angel of the church of the Laodiceans write, `These

things says the Amen, the Faithful and True Witness, the Beginning of the creation of CREATION, THE CHURCH And He is the head of the body, the church, who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, that in all things He may have

the preeminence (Col. 1:18; cf. 1:16, 17) commentary The Church at Laodicea Divine Protest (3:15-17) knew works. . . works determine if one is cold, hot, lukewarm hot would be the preferred why would Jesus wish they would be cold more than lukewarm? harder to get one to repent who sees himself in need of nothing (v. 17) more hope for one who is cold and aware of his

true standing with God no false sense of security 14 commentary Protest and the Picture of Christ (v. 16) a picture of a sick man overcome with nausea about to vomit

a picture of disgust for sin Similar: And the Lord was sorry that he had made man on the earth, and He was grieved in His heart (Gen. 6:6) 15 commentary Do We Have The Spiritual Vision To See Ourselves As Christ Sees Us? the lukewarm Christian: doesnt see himself as God does is blind to his indifference cannot perceive his error

is too lazy to test himself (2 Cor. 13:5) doesnt know that he is the reason others excuse themselves for sin, for not coming to worship, for not obeying, for being worldly, etc. 16 commentary The Church at Laodicea probably wealthier than the other churches and over confident Jesus looking down from heaven saw them as: wretched (afflicted) miserable (to be pitied)

poor (reduced to begging, destitute of wealth, influence, honor) blind (mentally) naked (ill clad, not covered, like grain stripped from a plant) 17 commentary The Church at Laodicea Divine Prescription (3:18, 19) buy from Christ gold refined in fire (buy cf. Is. 55:1; Prov. 23:23; Matt. 13:44) to acquire gold from heaven, one must be poor in spirit (Matt. 5:3; Jas. 2:5; 1 Tim. 6:18; Rev. 2:9)

white garments to be clothed (cf. 19:8) anoint eyes to see 18 commentary The Church at Laodicea Be zealous and repent (3:19) to change to burn ones mind with zeal for better. . . (#2206)

(#3340) 19 commentary The Love/Chasten Connection (3:19) opinions of men say chastisement/discipline goes against and is contrary to love. Jesus bound the two together Hebrews 12:5-10 Do not correct a scoffer, lest he hate you, rebuke a wise man and he will love you (Prov. 9:8) 20

commentary The Church at Laodicea Divine Invitation (3:20-22) Jesus at the door not kicking, not running at it simply knocking outsideoutside of fellowship waiting and wanting someone to open (Jn. 14:21-24) where were the Laodiceans? were they listeningavoidingignoring?

God requires them to do something: hear & open a picture of urgency (Lk. 12:35, 36) 21 commentary The Church at Laodicea Divine Invitation (3:20-22) a promise to rule with Christ more positive proof that Christ now reigns (Eph. 1:20-22) premillennialists need to stay out of Revelation! Fathers throne in that He gave it to

Jesus we shall rule with Him (2 Tim. 2:11, 12) 22

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