Plant ID #4

Plant ID #4

Plant ID #4 Horticulture 2

Dieffenbachia maculata

Dumbcane Foliage: simple; entire margin; ovate; pinnate;

evergreen; 8 to 12 inches; variegated Height: 1 to 3 feet

Spread: 1 to 3 feet Form: upright

Leaf Arrangement: opposite Exposure: Light Shade

Landscape Use: container; interiorscape Unique Characteristic: indoor plant in NC

Dizygotheca elegantissima

False Aralia Foliage: palmately compound; lobed; doubly serrate margins;

oblong; evergreen; 8-12 inches long; 5-7 leaflets Flowers: white

Height: 1-4 feet Spread: 1 to 3 feet

Form: upright Leaf Arrangement: alternating

Landscape Use: Container; interiorscape Exposure: Light shade

Unique Characteristic: house plant

Dracaena cincta Red Edge Dracaena

Foliage: simple, linear shape with entire margins; dull green and with purplish-red margins; rosette at top of

the stem; up to 3 feet long and up to 7.5 cm wide Height: 4 to 12 feet

Spread: 6 feet Form: upright; like a palm tree

Leaf Arrangement: rosette Exposure: Partial Sun

Landscape Use: Container, interiorscape Unique Characteristic: Usually single stem

Dracaena deremensis

Warneckii Dracaena Foliage: simple, linear shape with entire margins;

whorled arrangement Height: 8 to 12 feet

Spread: 6 feet Form: upright; open

Leaf Arrangement: spiral Exposure: Partial Sun

Landscape Use: Container, interiorscape Unique Characteristic: house plant in NC

Echinaceae pupurea

Foliage: Rough textured leaves that become small toward the top of the stem; dark green leaves are

coarse and sandpapery, usually lance shaped, and 38 in long Flowers:Pink, Magenta (Pink-Purple),

Violet/Lavender, Purple, White/Near White; singly atop the stems

Height: 2-3 feet Spread: 2-3 feet

Form: upright Leaf Arrangement:

Exposure: Full sun Landscape Use: foundation, beds, mixed borders, or

in the native wildflower patch Unique Characteristic: perennial

Elaeagnus pungens

Thorny Elaeagnus Foliage: simple, oval shape with entire, wavy margins;

evergreen shrub; silver tint; undersides of leaves are silver in color with bronze spots

Flowers: cream colored, bell shaped Height: up to 15 feet

Spread: 20 feet Form: symmetrical mound; shrub

Leaf Arrangement: alternate Landscape Use: border, screen

Unique Characteristic: stems or "canes" bend to form great arcs if unsupported; drought tolerant

Epipremnum aureum cv

Golden Pothos Foliage: simple, cordate shape with wavy margins; irregularly

spaced yellow bands and green bands; ovate to broadly ovate-lanceolate

Height: 6 inches Spread: 25 feet

Form: climber; vine Landscape Use: container; interiorscape

Exposure: sun Leaf Arrangement: alternating

Unique Characteristic: often with aerial roots; house plant

Euonymus alatus Winged Euonymus/ Burning Bush

Foliage: simple, obovate leaves; 1 to 3" long; finely serrated; excellent red fall color

Flowers: Non-showy yellow-green flowers; 0.5 to 0.3" red fruit in fall

Height: 5-6 feet Spread: 5-6 feet

Form: Upright mound; horizontal branches; flat top Leaf Arrangement: Opposite

Landscape Use: border, foundation, hedge Exposure: Sun

Unique Characteristic: corky winged branches

Euonymus japonica Evergreen Euonymus

Foliage: evergreen; simple, oval shape with serrated margins; 1 to 3" long

Height: 10 to 15 feet Spread: 5 to 6 feet

Form: Dense, oval mound; stiff Leaf Arrangement: Opposite

Landscape Use: border, foundation, hedge Exposure: sun

Unique Characteristic: major problem with scale; must spray

Euphorbia pulcherrima

Poinsettia Foliage: simple, obovate shape with lobed margins; with or

without teeth on the margin; showy red, pink, or cream leafy bracts

Flowers: cup-shaped "flowers" in a cluster above bracts Height: 2 to 10 feet

Spread: 1/2 to 6 feet Form: shrub

Leaf Arrangement: alternate Landscape Use: container, interiorscape

Exposure: sun Unique Characteristic: common at Christmas; poisonous; house

plant; red veins in leaves; red flowers are actually red bracts, bracts can be white to pink to red to yellow in color

Ficus benjamina

Weeping or Benjamin Fig Foliage: simple, ovate shape with wavy edge; long-tipped,

glossy Height: 1 to 30 feet

Spread: 1 to 45 feet Form: evergreen tree or shrub with drooping branches

Leaf Arrangement: alternate Landscape Use: container, interiorscape

Exposure: Sun Unique Characteristic: poisonous; house plant; loses leaves

when moved or in drafts; drips a white sap when cut

Ficus elastica Decora Decora Rubber Plant

Foliage: simple, elliptic shape with entire margins; large glossy leaves; Shiny, leathery, oblong; leaves are enclosed, when

buds, in rosy sheaths, which soon fall. Height: 8 to 10 potted; up to 100 feet in Hawaii

Spread: 60 feet or more because of aerial roots Form: tree

Leaf Arrangement: alternate Exposure: Sun

Landscape Use: container, interiorscape Unique Characteristic: Elastica leaves and stems and even

wood 'bleed' white sticky sap when broken or damaged from which rubber can be made.

Review

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