Phylum Annelida

Phylum Annelida

Phylum Annelida (segmented worms) Main Characteristics segments true coelom (body cavity)

Annelids Include: earthworms marine worms leeches This is a scale worm

(Polychaetes). They live 1000 meters below the waters surface and can turn their mouths inside out. Other Traits

- Annelida means little rings - body segments separated by septum ** Septum = internal wall -some have bristles called setae

-have closed circulatory system -have well-developed nervous system (brain) - sexual reproduction in annelids - some are hermaphrodites

Class Oligochaeta Earthworm -Few setae -Live in soil or fresh water -Castings - enrich soil, (worm poop)

Class Hirudinea -Leeches -external parasites with suckers on each end -medicinal uses (circulation, anti-clotting)

Leeches being bred for medical uses. Class Polychaeta Marine worms

-includes: sandworms, bloodworms, fireworms -have paddle-like appendages with setae

Nereis Featherduster Fireworm

Recap: Taxonomy Kingdom Animalia Phylum Annelida Class Oligochaeta (earthworms) Class Hirudinea (leeches)

Class Polychaeta (marine worms) *All are segmented, and have a coelom Mollusks Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Mollusca

(means soft) What is a Mollusk? Soft body with internal or external shell

Ex: snails, slugs, clams, squids, and octopi

Trochophore larva Body plan:

Visceral mass internal organs

Mantle covers the body Foot takes on many forms

Shell (present in most) Groups of Mollusks Three major classes of mollusks

Gastropods Bivalves Cephalopods Gastropod

snails, slugs, and nudibranchs Shell-less or single shelled

Move by a muscular foot

Some are poisonous, bright colors Snail Slug

Nudibranchs (sea slugs) Check out the nudibranch gallery at nationalgeographic

Bivalves (things with 2 Such as clams, scallops shells) Cephalopods

octopi, squids, cuttlefish, and nautilus soft-bodied , head is attached to foot

foot is divided into tentacles with sucking disks small internal shells or no shell at all Cuttlefish (the chameleon of the

sea) Nautilus is only cephalopod with shell Squid have a modified shell called a pen

Well developed eyes most complex of the mollusks Octopus (creeps on tentacles)

Octopus Creepin

Octopus versus Shark Squid

Btw Squid vs. OctopusBoth squid and octopus are aquatic animals with eight long arms. In addition to their eight arms, squid also

have two long tentacles. They also have two fins on their head, unlike the octopus. Whereas an octopus has no hard shell or bone in its body, squid have a stiff backbone-like structure called a pen.

A squid is any of a variety of cephalopod with a long, soft, thin body and 10 arms (eight shorter arms and two long tentacles) and two fins on its head. Squid vary in size from very small to over 65 feet in length. They prey upon fish and crustaceans. Some squid have the ability to emit an inky cloud as a defense mechanism. Their tentacles may have hooks, suckers, or sucker rings. They live in the open ocean.

An octopus is any of a variety of cephalopod with a round head, soft body and 8 strong tentacles, each with two rows of suckers. Octopi range from 1 cm to over 5 meters in length. They live on the

sea floor and obtain food by piercing it and injecting it with venom.

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