Nonverbal Communication

Nonverbal Communication

NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION Youd better smile when you say that, Pilgrim! DEFINITION Nonverbal communication refers to all kinds of human messages and responses not expressed in words (oral language).

LINKS [RELATIONSHIPS]BETWEEN NONVERBAL AND VERBAL COMMUNICATION

Complementing Conflicting [contradicting] Substituting Accenting Regulating NONVERBAL RULES Nonverbal communication must be read in

clusters. Nonverbal communication is culture-specific. NONVERBAL CATEGORIES

Kinesics body language Oculesics use of eyes Proxemics use of space Haptics touching behavior Vocalics [paralanguage] not what you say but HOW you say it nonverbal categories continued

Objectics [artifactics] use of objects/artifacts Chronemics use of time Olfactics use of smell Gustorics use of taste

kinesics Includes gestics, facsics, body synchrony, attractiveness, height, build Speech related gestures may be Emblems Illustrators Regulators

Affect displays Adaptors oculesics The eyes are the windows to the soul. Eye contact is VERY culturally determined. proxemics Territoriality

Spacial Distances in America Intimate zone (0 - 18) Personal zone (18 4) Social zone (4-12) Public zone (12 - ) We say a persons personal bubble is 3 feet. That is a diameter of intimate zone. Small group ecology

haptics Who can you touch? When can you touch? How can you touch? vocalics The text uses the alternate common term: paralanguage

It is all aspects of the voice other than the words themselves. Pitch Volume Rate objectics Communication through the use of artifacts. Communicate

Marital status Economic status Social status/membership Personality chronemics America is an extremely time conscious culture Latin cultures versus Anglo cultures

olfactics A smell can trigger the oldest of memories We can remember what we smell longer than what we see & hear. Americans are very smell conscious Can even be used as a warning system gustorics

Can communicate pleasure, displeasure or warning We can savor flavors we enjoy. What one person perceives as mildly spicy may be hot and displeasureable to another

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