What is NewSpace? By Charles Stotler Manfred Lachs Conference 16-17 March 2015 NewSpace the entrepreneurial space industry Jeff Foust, Current issues in NewSpace, The Space Review (5 March 2007) an exact, widely-accepted definition of
NewSpace still eludes the space community Circa 2006 Evolved from Alt.space Suborbital and orbital vehicles Jeff Foust, The evolving ecosystem of NewSpace The Space Review (15 August 2011) NewSpace a company that is built, formed, operated by, funded by, or has as part of its business plan the opening of the space frontier, and making a profit doing so.
Rick Tumlinson, co-founder of Space Frontier Foundation Commercial space? Since the 1950s, the US government and aerospace contractors have maintained that the aerospace and defense industry operates on a commercial basis. US v European perspective Government contracting and infrastructure investment Joanne Gabrynowicz, One Half Century and Counting: The Evolution of US National
Space Law and Three Long-Term Emerging Issues (2010) 4 Harv. L. & Poly 405, 423-424. commercialization and privatization Pre-NewSpace movements toward commercialization and privatization: 1984 Commercial Space Launch Act 1984 Land Remote-Sensing Commercialization Act 1990s political pressure to break up national and international communications monopolies and the restructuring of Intelsat in early 2000s
1990s-2000s USAF Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle (EELV) program Joanne Gabrynowicz, One Half Century and Counting: The Evolution of US National Space Law and Three Long-Term Emerging Issues (2010) 4 Harv. L. & Poly 405, 423-424. commercialization and privatization It can be expected that this development toward privatization and commercialization of space applications will continue as demands grow and as States and international organizations continue to
have less financial resources available for space activities. Karl -Heinz Bckstiegel, Chairs Introductory Remarks (1997) 22(1) Annals of Air and Space Law 399, 341 A nascent commercial launch market Globalization as driving a movement toward a free launch trade environment: Restrictive bilateral launch agreements set to expire;
US-Russian cooperative ventures, including Lockheed purchase of the RD-180 engine H. Peter van Fenema, Recent Parallel Developments in Aviation and Space Launch Regulation (1997) 22(1) Annals A & S L 363, 365-367 The brakes on globalization Strom Thurmond Act of 1999 Transferred Commercial Communication Satellites to USML Commercial satellite launch industry never
materialized. Ian F. Fergusson and Paul K. Kerr, The U.S. Export Control System and the Presidents Reform Initiative, Congressional Research Service, Report R41916 (13 January 2014). commercialization to commercial? NASA has bet the farm on commercial companies. Scott Hubbard, Why a NewSpace Journal? (2013) 1(1) New Space 1, 2 NASAs CCtCAP Contest: Boeing US $4.2B; SpaceX US $2.6B to ferry astronauts to ISS
NASAs CRS program: Orbital ATK and SpaceX delivering cargo to ISS In addition: SpaceX challenging ULAs monopoly on EELV program launches for US DoD OldSpace v. NewSpace? In a new sort of space race, the [NASA cargo] contract has touched off an intense competition between stalwart defense contractors and new
space start-ups that have, in just a few years, shown they can compete. Christian Davenport, A new space race emerges as NASA prepares to award contract to ferry supplies to space station, The Washington Post (9 March 2015). Disruptive technologies? They don't spread things all over the country the way that NASA and defense contractors tend to do. They're very focused in two locations in the country. They bring everything in-house. They have no
subcontractors, so everything comes to them. That's disruptive. NASA Administrator Charles Bolden, Statement to President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology, as reported by Frank Morning, Jr., SpaceX Might Be Able to Teach NASA a Lesson. Aviation Week (23 May 2011). A NewSpace industry [Orbital Sciences], which was founded in 1982, has only a toe hold in the New Space industry. Actually, it is rocket science, The Economist (8-14 Nov. 2014) at 72
NewSpace as an evolving industry that any company, new or old can exploit? NewSpace challenging the status quo? NewSpace companies are those, seeking to step outside the status quo of governmental contracting which has been the norm for commercial space actors to date. 2010 US National Space Policy calls upon US gov to purchase services, as opposed to hardware, from commercial providers This, of course, begs the question of whether these start-up companies will
rely on government contracts for their existence as much as their predecessors have. P.J. Blount, Renovating Space: The Future of International Space Law, (2011-12) 40 Denv J Intl L & Poly 515, 521 Whats so new, space? This New Space age is a time of change and upheaval, when the capabilities once resident in just two national space agencies morph and evolve into a global pipeline of tech incubation stoked by
the efforts of some 70 national space organizations around the globe. Elliot Holokauahi Pulham, The New Space Age (2013) 1(1) NewSpace iii. Bridging commercialization to commercial PPPs & NewSpace models of government involvement: Matching fund grants Government subsidization A focus on infrastructure
A focus on infrastructure ISS: infrastructure funded and built by a coalition of governments is enabling commercialization of LEO. Nanoracks Bigelow Aerospace Space Adventures, Ltd. Made In Space Center for the Advancement of Science in Space (CASIS) Managing the US National Laboratory on ISS
Enabling ZeroG R&D State involvement within the US A
variety of incentives: Matching fund grants Tax credits and exemptions Infrastructure investments Training and project assistance State-backed venture capital Limited liability and tort immunity FAA, State Support for Commercial Space Activities
A NewSpace paradigm an emerging global industry of private companies and entrepreneurs who primarily target commercial customers, are backed by risk capital seeking a return, and profit from innovative products or services developed in or for space. What is NewSpace? NewSpace Global start-ups to billion dollar corporations
Start-ups Nanoracks, Planet Labs, Skybox Pushing the boundaries of NewSpace Red Bull Stratos Space diving contest Paragon Space manned capsule as a spacecraft New business models Astrobotic Rideshare/mission planning Made In Space Space manufacturing Planetary Resources Space mining Business, Finance and Venture Capital Google & Fidelity US $1B investment in SpaceX
Steve Jurvetson, DFJ venture capital New Space Global Market analyses and indices Space Angels Network - Network of companies and investors A NewSpace era A process of evolution from an era of commercialization and privatization to an era of the commercial, driven by entrepreneurial, private actors working within a spectrum of government involvement. Hallmarks of the the NewSpace era: New innovations in PPPs
New licensing regimes New definition of assured access to space Private equity and finance Disruptive technologies challenging classic space actors Exploitation of niche markets (eg: smallsats, ZeroG R&D) Thank you for your kind attention!
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