National Climate Predictions and Projections (NCPP) Platform

National Climate Predictions and Projections (NCPP) Platform

National Climate Predictions and Projections Platform (NCPP) Introduction, Status, Plans August 23, 2011 NCPP Core Organizing Team (Richard B. Rood, presenting) Core Organizing Team (20110823) Ammann, Caspar Anderson, Donald

Barsugli, Joseph Buja, Lawrence DeLuca, Cecelia Guentchev, Galina Herring, David Higgins, R. Wayne Ray, Andrea Rood, Richard Treshansky, Allyn National Climate Predictions and Projections (NCPP) Platform

Mission and Strategy Status Short-Term and Long-Term Goals Technical Team Activities Climate Science Applications Team FY12 Deliverables Connections Benefits for NOAA Summary Appendix 3 Mission and Strategy Mission: Supports state-of-the-art approaches to develop and deliver comprehensive regional climate information and facilitate its use in decision making and adaptation planning.

Strategy: A community enterprise where climate information users, infrastructure developers, and scientists come together in a collaborative problem solving environment. 4 NCPP is an emergent community Focused on the synthesis of existing climate capabilities spread across federal agencies, regional and local governments, universities, professional societies, nonprofits, and commercial activities Community participation in development of capabilities and problem solving Evolving governance structure based on open-source, open-innovation principles 5

What is different in the past decade? Emergence of open-source, open innovation communities for software development and complex problem solving. Evolution of governance practices and management approaches that lead to functioning, sustainable organizations. Development and deployment of tools to build and support communities. Structured, co-developed problem solving with multiple constituencies NCPP Status (Current and Interim) Organization Technical team 40+ members from federal agencies, universities, and other organizations NOAA, DOI/(USGS, Reclamation), NCAR, NASA, DOE, universities

Core organizing team (responsible for NCPP) 9 full time and part time people + 2 in NOAA Management Interim Climate Science Applications Team Current focus, downscaled data sets Work through use cases and pilot projects that support Development of IT infrastructure Provision of quality-assessed, digital climate data Evaluation of models and analysis of credibility Provision of guidance and advisory narratives 7 NCPP Status (Current and Interim) Extend capabilities through engagement of existing networks e.g., NOAA RISA, USGS CSC,

e.g., Professional Societies, ICLEI, American Planning Association, e.g., Local consortia, University, Private 8 Short-Term Goals Short-term goals include Identification of most relevant existing capabilities to achieve NCPP mission Contribute to fulfillment of needs of the NCA; Focus on sustainability of NCA Downscaling workshop in 2013 Assist in coordination of portal efforts (e.g. front-end and back-end solutions for, the National Climate Model Portal and the (USGCRP) Climate Change Portal) Pilot activities to couple NOAA programs and key user groups with needs for (downscaled) climate predictions

and projections / Exploratory investigation of development of narrative information tailored for stakeholders 9 NCPP Relevance to National Climate Assessment NCPP Relationship: Develop infrastructure to sustain the NCA beyond 2013: Assemble downscaling expertise for NCA (inc. 2013 Downscaling Workshop) Provide digital & scientific infrastructure for downscaled climate information, derived indices, & translational info ; prototype architecture Provide repository of products, tools,

manuscripts, guidance & translational documents as a resource for the NCA Web-based data and tools 10 Long-Term Goals Long-term goals include Provide digital infrastructure to supply downscaled data in user-friendly formats (e.g. GIS) Assemble a collection of tools to be employed in climate impacts studies (QC, validation, ensemble analysis, uncertainty description) Provide an environment for collaborative qualitative and quantitative analysis Provide information, expertise, and capability base through community interactions 11 Draft Architecture

(technologies and services are examples) Not complete or final! Information Interpretation NCPP website, project workspaces for communities of practice CoG for community connections Interface layer Service layer Resource layer Support for inter-comparison projects and workflows representing solution patterns Curator display, CoG

Composition and display of guidance documents and other text related to the use of climate data approaches Downscaling and data formatting services, visualization, faceted data search, bookmarking OpenClimateGIS, LAS, ESGF search, USGS tools, ENSEMBLES Search and semantic services associated with web content and other sources Consiliate, Drupal database tools Federated data archival and access ESGF, THREDDS, platforms Data at USGS, PCMDI, NASA, NOAA, Federated metadata collection and display

Curator tools, METAFOR, Kepler and other workflow solutions 12 Technical Development Strategy Outline an overall architecture based on broad and long-term needs Identify key standards and existing software to build on Define incremental releases based on use cases Use community-based approaches for prioritization, implementation, and review during development ESGF role: ESGF (Earth System Grid Federation) is a potential component of the data system that includes key services (e.g. faceted search) and enables other services to be developed on top of it ESGF node installed at NOAA ESRL during summer 2011, starting integration with other system elements; planned nodes at NCDC and GFDL 13

Earth System Grid Federation ESGF is an open consortium of institutions, laboratories and centers around the world that are dedicated to supporting research on climate change, and its environmental and societal impacts Historically originated from Earth System Grid project, expanded beyond its constituency and mission to include many other partners in U.S., Europe, Asia and Australia Many contributing projects: ESG, Earth System Curator, Metafor, GIP, IS-ENES... U.S. funding from DOE, NASA, NOAA, NSF ESGF Architecture U.S.: PMEL, LLNL/PCMDI, LBNL, USC/ISI, NCAR, LANL, ORNL, ANL, JPL, GFDL, ESRL, NCDC Europe: BADC, UK-MetOffice, DKRZ, MPIM, IPSL, LSCE Asia: Univ. of Tokyo, Japanese Centre for Global Environmental Research, Jamstec, Korea Meteorological Administration Australia: ANU, Australian Research Collaboration Service, Government Department of Climate

Change, Victorian Partnership for Advanced Computing, Australian Environment and Resource Management ... and more ... 14 Interim Climate Science Applications Team Initial focus: Downscaled climate information and its use Science-based evaluation Uncertainty description Guidelines Current Membership: K. Dixon (GFDL), K. Hayhoe (Texas Tech), R. Horton (Columbia Univ.), K. Kunkel (NCDC; NC State), X.-Z. Liang (Maryland), L. Mearns (NCAR), J. Winkler (MSU), A. Wood (NWS/CBRFC) Current Focus: Provide scientific foundation for 2013 workshop on Evaluation of Downscaling Techniques

Future: Evolve CSAT as an advisory and decision-making component of NCPP that oversees broad-based NCPP applications 15 Some Examples of Needs for Downscaling National Climate Assessment High resolution climate projections (regional T&P changes; extremes; persistent) NIDIS Objective drought monitor & outlook with skill at regional / local level Operational Seasonal Prediction Evolve from national to regional Regional Applications NOAA NGSP needs assessment perspective Extremes (e.g. NIDIS regional pilots; Early Warning Systems (heat, cold, floods, droughts)

Marine Ecosystems (e.g. NMFS arctic marine species status; climate and fisheries) Coastal Sustainability (e.g. NOS assessment and predictions of sea-level change impacts) Water (e.g. NOAA Decision Support System for Devils Lake and Red River). 16 Some Key Issues to Establish Downscaling Framework Courtesy Katharine Hayhoe 1. Guidance regarding practice in selection, combination, and interpretation of multiple GCM and scenario simulations to generate regional projections. 2. A basis for selection and interpretation of dynamical and statistical downscaling techniques. 3. Characterizing the degree to which new CMIP5 simulations might change the story of what we expect for specific regions, compared to AR4 generation simulations. 4. Establishing a way to standardize across the results of previously published impact literature that is based on a wide variety of GCM / scenario /

downscaling approaches, some dating back more than 20 years. 17 FY12 Deliverables Install an ESGF Node as part of a NCPP development platform (FY12Q1) Establish initial NCPP use cases and pilots (FY12Q2) Develop strategy and prototype for federated access to key datasets (e.g. USGS ) and interoperability of services (FY12Q2) Complete initial pilot with early portal prototype with linkages to NCA (FY 12Q2)

Define pilots for NOAA Next Gen. Strat. Plan themes areas (FY12Q3) Establish team to coordinate efforts to evaluate approaches to downscaled climate data towards 2013 downscaling workshop (FY11Q4) Establish standardized basis for comparing downscaled datasets currently available on a consistent basis (FY12Q2) Planning 2013 Workshop (ongoing) Deliver NCPP Science & Implementation Strategy (FY12Q4) 18 Details on some NCPP Connections National Climate Assessment above NOAA Programs Predictions and Projections

NGSP theme Needs Assessments Class / Climate Model Portal Interagency National Climate Assessment (above) Regional Pilots and Use Cases USGS, Geo Data Portal USGCRP Global Change Portal 19 NCPP Connection to NOAA Predictions & Projections Program NOAA Predictions and Projections Objective: Improve scientific understanding & modeling NCPP Relationship:

Provide scientific infrastructure to accelerate development & implementation of a National Multi-Model Ensemble prediction system (Note: MAPP Program is the lead). Facilitate development of a NOAA-wide strategy for reanalysis / Integrated Earth System Analysis (Note: MAPP Program is the lead). Requirements informed by NOAA NGSP needs assessments. Anticipate HPC platform requirements and support data archive and useraccess 20

NCPP Connection to NOAA Societal Challenge Needs Assessments Needs Assessments Objective: Determine priority customer needs associated with each societal challenges NCPP Relationship: Lead the Changes in Extremes of Weather & Climate needs assessment Facilitate engagement of internal & external partners (e.g. link to the NCA Regional Workshops) Provide infrastructure to sustain the assessment process 21 NCPP Connection to NOAA Climate Portal

Climate Portal Objective: Provide integrated, contextualized access to NOAAs climate data & info services NCPP Relationship: Develop NCPP component of, including information for the integration of existing and planned downscaled data sets Recommend additions & adjustments regarding data discoverability, accessibility, interoperability, interpretation, and application

Broaden engagement & facilitate interface design based upon user feedback Synergies between CoG and Consiliate 22 NCPP Connection to CLASS / Climate Model Portal NOAA downscaled information will be served through the CLASS archive and NOMADS/NCMP access NCPP will help connect ESGF, CLASS and NOMADS/NCMP to help NOAA address the following questions: What are NOAAs contributions to downscaling going to be?

What needs to be archived and distributed? 23 NCPP Connection to Users: Regional Pilots Objective: Prototype use of climate information in decision making Activities: NCPP partnering with DOI North Central Climate Science Center (CSC) (Hestbeck/Ojima) to provide the regional climate information at scales needed for decision making. Clarify the needs of key users for climate information on regional scales, including regionally important phenomena Explore best available science, for policy, planning, and decision making Identify needs for applied research topics to address gaps Note that NCPP isn't creating everything, it's providing intelligent pathways, tools, recommendations/guidance. Additional pilots will be informed by NOAA needs assessments and RISAs, the RCCs, and RCSDs

24 Summary NCPP is focused on the synthesis of existing capabilities to build a sustained capability. Relies on the past decades: Investments in use of climate information Investments in information technology infrastructure Emergence of successful approaches to govern distributed communities Status Identifying and evaluating capabilities Engaging communities and organizations Design, planning, and review of IT architecture and governance Implementation of prototype activities through use cases and pilot projects. Benefits for NOAA NCPP is a timely opportunity for NOAA: Its approach to regional climate information and services draws

on existing climate components of NWS, OAR and NESDIS in a way not seen before within NOAA. It provides the necessary coupling between the centers/labs, takes advantage of who they are, helps them with their challenges. It expands on climate information NWS, OAR and NESDIS already provides to the broad spectrum of customers, agencies. It bridges weather through ISI climate to decadal to connect preparedness and adaptation. It draws on existing community-based infrastructure. It is a platform for advancing NOAAs climate services. 26 Appendix : Some Details 27 Temporary URLs for more info

NCPP Mission and Strategy NCPP Initial Use Cases NCPP Meeting Minutes NCPP Core Team Capability Summaries Initial ESGF Portal (installed only) Summary of some other NCPP Connections Interagency: Portals: facilitate connections between portal efforts (USGCRP Climate Change Portal, NOAA Climate Model Portal and Portal), inc front and back end solutions Regional Pilots: prototype use of climate information in decision making; establish partnerships (e.g. DOI/ North Central Climate Science Center);

clarify key user needs NOAA: Programs: connect NOAA climate programs that complement & inform NCPP (includes CPO / MAPP (modeling, reanalysis, multi-model ensembles), NIDIS, NOAA needs assessments, regional services Labs and Centers: activities involve all 5 NOAA LOs, many labs, NOAA Regional Networks (RISAs, RCCs, CSDs) Regional Pilots: involve all 5 NOAA LOs, partner with NMFS, NOS, NGSP themes 29 NCPP Connection to Global Change Portal NCPP Relationship: Facilitate interdisciplinary connections between existing portal efforts (e.g. Climate Model Portal and Global Change Portal) Front-end solutions that support requirements for assessment reports (NCA)

Back-end solutions for data access, content management systems, Assist development of methodologies that support portal efforts Requirements Program Management Core Operating Teams 30 Current Engagement Activities Engaging multiple communities with specific near term focus (downscaling): (list in not complete) USGS, Geo Data Portal

National Climate Assessment ESGF, CLASS, National Climate Model Portal USGCRP Global Change Portal Regional Pilots and Use Cases Establishing connections to NOAA Programs that complement & inform NCPP (list is not complete) Predictions and Projections Portal NGSP theme Needs Assessments Regional Services Developing Implementation Strategy 31 NCPP and Other NOAA Labs / Centers Connects NOAA climate programs (hence labs and centers) that complement & inform NCPP in unprecedented ways OAR / ESRL / PSD NIDIS; Regional Pilots tied to NOAA needs

assessments, RISAs, RCCs, and RCSDs NESDIS / NCDC CLASS / NCMP and ESGF; GIP NWS / NCEP CPC needs for downscaling / RCI; SLAs for CFS; OAR / GFDL CMIP-5; NMME; Reanalysis NOS / CSC needs assessments; data formats/GIS NMFS e.g. Visiting scientist from Norway @ CPO/GFDL for RCI in the North Atlantic 32 NCPP Connection to NOAA Regional Services Program NOAA Regional Services Objective: Cultivate integrated regional strategy NCPP Relationship: Facilitate development & implementation of integrated regional strategy Establish NOAA-wide coordinating mechanisms for enhanced regional services (RISA, SARP, TRACS, NWS)

Target RCSD engagement of NOAA close partners Facilitate implementation of regional aspects of DOI-DOC climate Memorandum of Agreement 33

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