Multi-Tiered System of Support (MTSS)

Multi-Tiered System of Support (MTSS)

Look Whos Behavin ALEXA POSNY, PH.D. ASSISTANT SECRETARY OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES U.S. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION June 28, 2012 2 3

Warm-Up 4 You are driving along in your car on a wild, stormy night. You pass by a bus stop, and you see three people waiting for the bus. 1.An old lady who looks as if she is about to die. 2.An old friend who once saved your life 3.The perfect man (0r) woman you have been dreaming about. Which one would you choose to offer a ride to knowing that there could only be one passenger in your car?

Warm-Up 5 Give the car keys to the old friend and let him take the old lady to the hospital. You stay behind and wait for the bus with the man/woman of your dreams. Are You Smarter

Than the Assistant Secretary? Are You Smarter than the Assistant Secretary? 7 According to Ann Landers, there are really only three types of people: Those who make things happen Those who watch things happen, and Those who ask what happened?

True or False Are You Smarter than the Assistant Secretary? 8 According to Ann Landers, there are really only three types of people: Those who make things happen Those who watch things happen, and Those who ask what happened?

True or False Moving Upstream: A Story of Prevention and Intervention 9 She replied 10 It occurred to me that someone ought to go upstream and find out why so many kids were falling into the river. What I found is that the

old wooden bridge had several planks missing, and when some children tried to jump over the gap, they couldnt make it and fell through into the river. So I got someone to fix the bridge. ReactingRules for Teachers 11 You will not marry during the course of your contract.

You are not to keep company with men. You may not loiter downtown in ice cream stores. You may not dress in bright colors. You may under no circumstances dye your hair. You must wear at least two petticoats. 12 Expectations (Not Rules) for Students 13

What does it mean to us? 14 If a child doesnt know how to read, we teach. If a child doesnt know how to swim, we teach. If a child doesnt know how to multiply, we teac h. If a child doesnt know how to drive, we teach. If a child doesnt know how to behave, we teach? . . . punish? ~John Herner, Counterpoint (1998, p.2)

Prevent instead of React What We Know 15 Children are eager and capable learners... Research (Hart & Risley, 1995)

16 Professional family child Words heard per hour Affirmatives per hour Negatives per hour

2,153 32 5 Research (Hart & Risley, 1995) 17 Words heard per hour

Affirmatives per hour Negatives per hour Professional family child 2,153 32

5 Working class child 1,251 12 7 Research

(Hart & Risley, 1995) 18 Words heard per hour Affirmatives per hour Negatives per hour Professional

family child 2,153 32 5 Working class child 1,251

12 7 Child living in poverty 616 5 11

Why 19 Early learning begets later learning and early success breeds later successThe later in life we attempt to repair early deficits, the costlier remediation becomes ~James Heckman, Nobel Prize-Winner, Economics, 2000

20 Response to Intervention Early Intervening Services Universal Design for Learning Positive Behavior Interventions

and Supports What We Know 21 There is a greater tragedy than being labeled a slow learner and that is being treated as one. Students Change 22

Students Change 23 Students Change 24 Students Change 25 A Decade of Change 26 A longitudinal study of over 400

students found that 74 percent of the children whose disability in reading was first identified at nine years of age or older continued to read in the lowest quintile throughout their middle and high school years. What We Know 27 The earlier school staff can identify students difficulties, the quicker and less expensive the task is to help them

catch up The longer a student goes without assistance, the longer the remediation time and the more intense the services must be 28 Response to Intervention Early Intervening Services

Universal Design for Learning Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports Are You Smarter Than the Assistant Secretary? 29 Students were asked to identify

things that they find really helpful to their learning. Of the following, what did they select as their top rated method for learning best? a)Getting feedback from my peers b)Asking lots of questions c)Getting feedback from my teacher d)Doing hands-on tasks Are You Smarter Than the Assistant Secretary?

30 Students were asked to identify things that they find really helpful to their learning. Of the following, what did they select as their top rated method for learning best? a)Getting feedback from my peers b)Asking lots of questions c)Getting feedback from my teacher d)Doing hands-on tasks

How do YOU learn best? 31 Percentage 10 Ways to Engage Students 32 1. Make it personal 7. Explain the

2. Require student consequences 8. Sneak important topics in through the back door 9. Explain how to make change happen 10. Use catchphrases often 3. 4.

5. 6. interaction Arouse fear Use humor Paint a picture in words Keep it in the present 33

Paint a Picture with Words 34 Response to Intervention Early Intervening Services Universal Design for

Learning Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports 35 What We Know 36 Students must know what is expected

of them Behavior is learned Schools must provide safe, learning conducive and predictable environments We must teach students what positive behaviors look like How 37 By intentionally designing and redesigning

resources to match student needs Ensuring that every leader is responsible for planning, implementing and evaluating Using academic and behavioral data to inform instructional/behavioral decisions Including educators, families and community members as part of effective problem-solving and instructional decision making Creating an empowering culture that maintains collective responsibility for every childs success 38

Response to Intervention Early Intervening Services Universal Design for Learning Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports

39 Response to Intervention Early Intervening Services Universal Design for Learning Positive Behavior Interventions

and Supports What We Want 40 All students achieving to high standards by being provided sufficient time and support All low performing students being provided focused instruction All teachers teaching students to high standards

by being given the right conditions and assistance All teachers intervening in the learning process when there is an indication of a failure to learn All teachers focusing early intervention resources on the early years of schooling Leadership Compass, Fall 2006, National Association of Elementary School Principals Are You Smarter Than the Assistant Secretary?

41 What does MTSS stand for? Multi-Tiered System of Support Multi-Tiered Systems of Support Multi-Tier System of Supports Multi-Tiered Support Systems Are You Smarter Than the Assistant

Secretary? 42 What does MTSS stand for? Multi-Tier System of Supports Are You Smarter Than the Assistant Secretary? 43

What is MTSS? A three-tiered approach with tier 3 as special education Response to Intervention in disguise A way to delay identifying students as being in need of special education A special education initiative A systemic approach to helping

Are You Smarter Than the Assistant Secretary? 44 What is MTSS? A three-tiered approach with tier 3 as special education Response to Intervention in disguise A way to delay identifying students as being in need of special education

A special education initiative A systemic approach to helping Multi-Tier System of Support 45 Early Intervening Services (EIS) 45 Shared Responsibility 46 Reforming our schools to deliver a worldclass education is a shared responsibility

to support innovative approaches to teaching and learning; to bring lasting change to our lowest-performing schools; and to investigate and evaluate what works A Blueprint for Reform: The Reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act The big BIG idea of MTSS 47 1. Deciding what is important for students to

know 2. Teaching what is important for students to know 3. Keeping track of how students are doing Dave 2005 4. Making changes according toTilly, theIowa results collected

What MTSS is 48 1.Focused on every childs achievement and behavior 2.Individual child problem solving 3.Evidence-based practices for every child 4.High quality, differentiated 5.Screening 6.Progress monitoring 7.Data-based decision making 8.Timely, informative, systematic

MTSS Framework 49 Leadership Identified Teams Buy-In/Consensus

Communication Professional Development Empowering Culture Professional Development Initial Training Support for Implementation Monitoring for Fidelity

Providing ongoing Support Empowering Culture Involving all Staff Involving Parents Informing All MTSS Framework 50

Assessment Screening Diagnostic Progress Monitoring Outcomes Curriculum

Core Supplemental Intensive Instruction

Core Supplemental Intensive MTSS Framework 51 All (Core) Core Curriculum

Core Instruction Screening Assessment Some (Supplemental) Protocol Based Curriculum Protocol Based Instruction

Diagnostic Assessment Progress Monitoring Assessment Problem Solving Teams Few (Intensive) Problem Solving Teams Intensive, Customized Supports

Multi-Tier System of Supports 52 Advantages of MTSS 53 Provides instructional and behavioral assistance in a timely fashion (e.g., not a wait to fail model) Helps to ensure a students poor academic performance is not due to: poor instruction

inappropriate curriculum lack of expectations Informs teachers and improves behavior and/or instruction because data are collected and closely linked to interventions. What Does Data Show? 54 Junction City, KS:

10th largest Kansas district Military connected students = 44% Free/reduced lunch students = 38.9% ELL = 3% SPED = 13.3% Ethnic demographics White Impact and Influence: Math

55 Impact and Influence: Reading 56 How Has MTSS Worked? 57 Hillsboro Elementary and Middle, KS: Median size Kansas district 28% free/reduced lunch students 13% SPED Median income below state average

How Has MTSS Worked? 58 How Has MTSS Worked? 59 Hillsboro, KS: In 2003, Hillsboro found 28 students to be eligible for special education services In 2008, Hillsboro found 1 student to be eligible for special education

services Kansas Reading Scores 60 100% 2000 2011 80% 71%

53% Gain 75% 50% 40% 25% 18% 0% Students on Free Lunch

Students With Disabilities Source: Kansas State Department of Education Kansas Math Scores 61 100% 2000 2011

78% 75% 51% Gain 69% 50% 40% 25%

18% 0% Students on Free Lunch Students With Disabilities Source: Kansas State Department of Education How Has MTSS Worked? 62 60% reduction in Office Discipline

Referrals (ODRs) at Lincoln Elementary, Parsons (2007-08 to 2008-09) 33% decrease in ODRs at Highland Park, Topeka 2,000 fewer ODRs at Salina Central High School during the first implementation year 63 Prior to PBS PBS Year 1

PBS Year 2 64 PBS Year 1 PBS Year 2 Are You Smarter Than the Assistant Secretary? 65

What confounds MTSS? Providing timely instructional assistance Lacking fidelity of implementation Limiting the number of tiers Informing teachers and improving instruction Are You Smarter Than the Assistant Secretary? 66

What confounds MTSS? Providing timely instructional assistance Lacking fidelity of implementation Limiting the number of tiers Informing teachers and improving instruction What Will Success Look Like? 67 An overarching framework that guides

improvement processes and planning An integrated systemic approach that includes early identification and rapid response to the needs of all students The establishment of positive, proactive environments as the norm The creation of strong, resourceful, empowered districts, schools, and staff 68 69

To Ensure That Ten Years From Now 70 70 Bonus Question! 71 What convention group has the most number of attendees falling into the

water at the San Antonio River Walk? Bonus Question! 72 What convention group has the most number of attendees falling into the water at the San Antonio River Walk? Librarians

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