Purpose Question: Write the following question words on your paper. By the end of todays lesson you will be able to answer these questions about the explorer. These will be collected and graded. Who? (Who was the explorer) What? (What was he best remembered forgreatest accomplishment) When? (year of exploration) Where? (area or place he explored/ who did he claim the land for) Why? (Why did he go on this voyage?)

Christopher Columbus Early Life Christopher Columbus was born in Genoa, Italy in 1451. He went to sea as a young man. He made trips down the western coast of Africa, and north to Iceland. According to legend, Columbus sailed with a fleet headed for England in 1476. While they were off the coast of Portugal, pirates attacked the ships, and Columbus's ship was sunk. He swam to shore at Libson. He and his brother Bartholomew opened a store in 1479 in Libson. They sold maps in the store. Columbus's interest in maps lead him to the

conclusion that you could get to Asia by sailing west from Europe. traveled a lot as a young man. FIRST TRIP: Columbus thought he could get to Japan by sailing west tried to sail to japan by going west. He asked Queen Isabella paid for the trip pay for the voyage, but Spain was fighting a war and couldn't afford it. He waited for six years, and finally the war was over and she gave him three ships. The ships were called the Nina, Pinta, and the Santa Maria. He then and then he out for Japan. With no maps, the crew began to worry. They were used to seeing land, but now they could not even see rock. Even

though the men got discouraged, Columbus kept telling them that land must be close. They sailed for thirty-seven days and finally, on the evening of October 11, they saw an island. Columbus told everyone to drop anchor. They were going to wait until morning to set foot on the land, but most of the men just stayed on the deck staring at the island on the horizon. In the morning they went to the island and claimed it for Spain and called it San Salvador. Sailed for 37 days without a map and landed in san salvador SECOND TRIP: on September 25, 1493. This time he sailed with a fleet of seventeen ships. The queen sent

1500 men, to build a colony and search for gold. On this voyage, Columbus claimed forty-four new islands for Spain. When he reached the site of the fort they had built on Hispaniola, there was nothing there. When they went ashore, they learned that the natives had killed all of the settlers left behind from the last trip. Columbus started new colonies, and Spaniards continued to treat the local people in cruel ways. The Spanish settlers didn't like Columbus either, so they sent a ship back to complain to the queen. Columbus was forced to return to Spain to defend himself against the settler's charges. The queen only gave him a warning.

THIRD TRIP: GOT REPLACED AND THEN KICKED OUT In 1498, Columbus once again set out for the new land he had. But Queen Isabella didn't trust Columbus as a governor, so she sent a new one. The governor didn't like having Columbus around, so he sent him home in chains. FOURTH (LAST) TRIP: in 1502. He reached the coast of South America, and was confused. Columbus thought the only continent in the area was China. He thought that maybe this new continent was the Garden of Eden. He continued to look for a strait, or at least one of the golden

palaces he had always hoped to find. He never found either one. Columbus returned to Spain in 1504, after his fourth voyage. He was fifty-four years old. Even though he was in poor health, he still wanted to go out to sea again. Unfortunately, Queen Isabella was dead, and he could not find anyone to finance another trip. By this time, many people believed that a new continent had been found. Columbus, however, had never stopped believing that he had been to Asia.

Amerigo Vespucci Columbus believed he had found a new Asia route to ________________________. Until the day Columbus died he thought he had landed in the Indies. News of Columbus voyage spread quickly through Europe _____________________________. Other countries in Europe wanted to

send ships across the ocean to find the _____________________. Indies Amerigo Vespucci, from the city of Florence Italy, Columbushad did not believe that ________________ landed in the Indies. curious about these places Vespucci was ___________ and wanted fame for disproving Columbus. In 1499, Vespucci sailed across the Atlantic

route Ocean on the same __________________ Columbus had sailed. Vespucci sailed down the coast _____________________ of South America. He was looking for signs that he had reached Asia, as Columbus believed this land to be. Vespucci did not see things that others had used to describe Asia, such as cities of

gold __________________ and marble, people wearing jewels and cloth of gold. Asia He also realized that _____________ could not be as big as Columbus thought. If Columbus has reached Asia, then that meant that Asia would cover half

_________________________ the earth. coastline Vespucci also noted that the _____________ was not the same as describe in Asia. Vespucci concluded that the land they had found had to be another continent, the New World __________________________________. A German cartographer, or __________________________,

map maker drew a map that included the new continent and named the land after Amerigo Vespucci. This is how we got the name for North and South America. Ferdinand Magellan Ferdinand was born in Portugal in 1480. 1519 In_________________,

Ferdinand Magellan along with 5 ships left from Spain. He had convinced the king of Spain _______________ to pay for his expedition. The reason for Magellans expedition was to find a way to reach __________________ by sailing west around the Americas. He first sailed to _____________________. He tried to find a river that would take him across South America to the Pacific Ocean.

Asia South America Finally in 1520 he found a river which took him across to the Pacific Ocean. Since Magellan was one of the first to find this, it is named the _______________________ Strait. Magellan For 3 months, the ships sailed across the

________________________ Ocean. They began running out of food while sailing. Many of the men died from __________________________. hunger Pacific Magellans Route In March 1521, the ships reached what are today called the ______________________ Philippine

Islands. On April 27, Magellan was _________________in a battle between his crew and the people on the islands. 1522 In _________________, only one of the five ships that had sailed returned to Spain. killed These men were the first to ever sail world

completely around the _______________ Explorer: Robert La Salle Background Information: In 1673, the Governor-General of France sent an expedition of 7 men over to the new world to explore the rivers and lakes of what is now the Great Lakes region. They too were looking for the Northwest Passage. Along the way, the explorers met many different Native Americans from this region. The Native Americans helped the explorers build canoes and taught them how to make snowshoes for walking in deep

snow. The Native Americans told them about a big river to the west. They called it Mississippi, which means big water. The Frenchmen were eager to use the river to reach new lands where they could set up trading posts. They were also hoping that the river would flow to the Pacific Ocean- the Northwest Passage. As the group traveled, they drew maps of the Mississippi. After traveling almost 1,000 miles south the men realized this river could not be the Northwest Passage. They turned around and headed back north. Facts about La Salle Nine years later, a ________explorer French

named Robert La Salle set out to travel all the way down to the mouth of the Mississippi River. In the winter of _____, 1681 La Salle set out on his voyage from the St. Lawrence River. He led an expedition of 20 French people and about 30 Native Americans. To reach the Mississippi River from

the St. Lawrence River, the group had to put their canoes on sleds and drag them over snow and frozen streams. They finally reached the Mississippi in February of 1682 and began rowing downstream. Two months later, in April of 1682, the expedition reached the mouth of the Mississippi river (into what we call now the Gulf of Mexico). With excitement after successfully

completing his voyage, the group yelled Long live the king _____________________! They claimed the entire Mississippi River (including all of its *tributaries) and all of France He its surrounding land for ________. named this area Louisiana, for King Louis XIV of France. *a tributary is a river or stream that flows into a larger river At the time, Robert La Salle had no

idea of just how large this area was. This now meant the New France was a vast empire. This new france ended up being the Louisiana Purchase that well talk about later in the year! Who was Henry Hudson

Henry Hudson was an explorer He was Born in England in 1550 Didnt know what day he was born Married a girl named Katherine Got lost at sea in 1611 Henry Hudsons third voyage Sailed from England to the New World Found the Hudson River Sailed it and thought it was the

Northwest Passage Had to turn back because water got too shallow Henry Hudsons fourth voyage Sailed from England to the Hudson

Straight 14 men on his crew Sailed into Hudson Bay Robert Juet turned the crew against Hudson Was never seen again Jacques Cartier Personal Background Who was Jacque Cartier?

Sponsor Jacques Cartier was sponsored by the King of France. In 1534 the French king sent an experienced sailor and navigator, Jacques Cartier, to find the Northwest Passage. Motives Jacques Cartiers motives Spread Claim Land Religion

to find a route to Asia Find Riches They where trying to reach Chinas riches by sailing across North America. Dates Of Exploration 1534-1542 In 1541, the King sent Cartier and some settlers on a third voyage, to set up a French empire in North America.

+100 settlers. After enduring a harsh Winter, Cartier and the settlers gave up. Route Of Exploration Jacques Cartier followed the route along the St. Lawrence River. Claimed surrounding area for France The next year King Frances sent Cartier

back to map the waterway. Cartier reached the waterway on the Catholic feast day of St. Lawrence. So Cartier named the river the St. Lawrence. Impact new land for France he made settlements maps for the future explorers. Hernando de Soto

Written and Illustrated by Phillip Martin Hernando de Soto Hernando de Soto was born in Spain, around the year 1500. Since it was shortly after Columbus discovered the New World, de Soto grew up hoping for riches and glory as he explored new lands.

Hernando de Soto He got what he wanted. In 1514, at only 14, he made his first voyage to the New World. Over the years he helped in the conquest of Central America and worked in the slave trade. In addition to gold, de Soto also searched for a passage that would connect the Atlantic Ocean with the

Pacific Ocean. Hernando de Soto When that didn't work out, he joined up with Francisco Pizarro, as second in command, on a trip to South America. They conquered the Inca Empire

in 1533. The conquest made de Soto extremely wealthy and he returned to Spain for a while. However, he had that adventure itch and eventually had to return to the New World. King Carlos appointed him governor of Cuba. And, part of his

duties were to colonize mainland North America. Not to mention, there was still that elusive passage to the Pacific Ocean. Hernando de Soto In 1539 with 620 men as well as 220 horses, de Soto set out of a mission to explore the mainland of what would become the United States. Hernando de Soto

As you might expect, the local inhabitants saw no need for colonization of their lands nor de Soto's brutality. There were fights along the way. But, de Soto and his men continued through what would become Florida, Georgia, South and North Carolina and on to Tennessee in search of gold. There was no gold in them thar hills.

Hernando de Soto The expedition spent the winter of 1539 in Tennessee and the winter of 1540 in Mississippi. Hernando de Soto On May 8, 1541, de Soto made a discovery that less than thrilled him. He found the Mississippi River. It took his men over a month to build the necessary floats to cross the

river. But, once over the river and through the woods, the expedition was free to explore present day Oklahoma, Texas and Arkansas (where they spent the next winter). Hernando de Soto Luck was not exactly on de Sotos side at this point in time. Juan Ortiz, the groups faithful interpreter, died,

making it much more difficult to speak with the local people, get directions for travel and gather food. On top of that ... Hernando de Soto while in Arkansas, the Tula people fought the explorers and took a huge toll on the already weakened men. If that weren't enough, there was a fever that took the life of de Soto on May 21, 1542.

He was 42. Hernando de Soto De Soto told the Native Americans he was an immortal sun deity. He hoped that lie might convince them they should submit to him without fighting. So, when de Soto died, that was news the

explorers wanted to keep a secret. Hernando de Soto Instead of burying him with any kind of pomp and ceremony, they wrapped his body in a blanket filled with sand and slipped it into the Mississippi River under cover of darkness. Hernando de Soto No colonies were established.

No gold was found. No elusive passage connected the two oceans. Half the men and nearly all the horses died. If that wasn't enough, the explorers left death and disease everywhere they went. So, it should come as no surprise that the expedition was seen as a failure at the time. Hernando de Soto

However, de Sotos trip provided information about the people living in the southeastern United States. It was enough information for the Spanish to leave the area alone and focus on Florida and South America. Can you name the seven continents?


Can you name the four oceans? At lan t ic Oc e an

Arctic Ocean Indian Ocean Pacific Ocean Map Quiz Number your paper from 1 to 11. Match the name of the ocean or continent with the number and write it on your paper. Use the word bank below. 11

Word Bank 3 Africa Antarctica Arctic Ocean Asia Atlantic Ocean Australia Europe Indian Ocean

North America Pacific Ocean South America 4 1 8 5 9 2

10 6 7 We live on the continent of North America. Can you name the countries on our continent? North America

Canada nt ic At la o xic Me ifi

c Pa an e c cO O ce an

United States The Countries of Europe England England France France ly Ita Ita

ly Spain Spain EXPLORER TRADING CARDS For this assignment, we will be creating trading cards for each of the explorers we learned about. Each card should include important information including: name

dates of exploration locations explored home country motives (why were they exploring?) achievements and impact important life information (birth and death dates, etc)

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